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  • Hey there, welcome to LIFE NOGGIN.

    嗨!大家好,歡迎來到 LIFE NOGGIN。

  • Have you ever been so angry that you start to relate to those cartoon characters who have steam coming out of their ears?


  • Or maybe you feel like your blood is boiling beneath your skin.


  • Even though you may know what the external cause of your anger is, what's actually going on inside your body when you're angry that's what we're gonna find out.


  • Imagine that you are driving on a freeway and somebody suddenly cuts you off.


  • You will most likely get angry and either honk your horn, or possibly give them a not-so-nice hand gesture.


  • Admit it, we've all done it before.


  • Inside your brain, the amygdala, which responses to outside stimuli, processes the car that cut you off, and coordinates the release of neurotransmitters, called catecholamines.


  • These cause you to feel a burst of energy preparing you for physical action.


  • The hormones, epinephrine and norepinephrine, are also released, increasing your blood pressure.


  • Your heart rate increases and your face may flush as the blood rushes to your extremities.


  • If you have ever seen someone so angry that they turn red as a lobster, this is why.


  • If you want to keep this anger at bay, you'll have to use your prefrontal cortex.


  • You can think of this as the area that controls your judgement.


  • And if you don't use your prefrontal cortex, you may act aggressively toward others.


  • Take Phineas Gage as an example.

    就拿 Phineas Gage 來舉例。

  • In 1848, while at work, a tamping iron was shot through his left cheek and exited through the top of his head.

    1848年,在一次工作中,意外性的爆炸將插入地洞中的鐵棒反彈,從 Phineas Gage 的左臉頰插入他腦袋,射穿他的頭部。

  • Somehow, he survived, but his frontal lobe was severely damaged.

    奇蹟似地,Phineas Gage 存活下來,但是他的大腦前額葉受到嚴重的損壞。

  • After his injury, he is said to have been fitful, irreverent and have the animal passions of a strong man.


  • Perhaps the damage to his frontal lobe destroyed his ability to control his behavior.


  • He was not only a new man, but also one incapable of self-constraint.


  • It's also important to note that constant chronic anger can greatly increase a person's chance of getting a heart disease, like high blood pressure or heart attacks.


  • Anger and the heart are very connected.


  • This is because epinephrine and norepinephrine constrict blood vessels, making your heart pump harder.


  • These two hormones also increase the amount of glucose and fatty acids in the blood.


  • The increased levels can lead to damage in artery walls and speed up the process of atherosclerosis.


  • When the fatty plaque builds up in the arteries, it narrows them and decreases the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the body.


  • This can lead to a heart attack, stroke or death.


  • But, fear not, there are healthy ways to control your anger, such as meditation, anger management therapy, exercise or even just relaxing and doing something fun.


  • Like watching a few LIFE NOGGIN videos.

    看些 LIFE NOGGIN 影片就是一種放鬆的方式。

  • So tell us, what is one thing that makes you angry?


  • And what do you do to get over that feeling?


  • Make sure you come back every Monday and Thursday for a brand new video.

    別忘了每週一、週四收看 Life Noggin,我們會準備最新的影片等你們喔。

  • And if you want even more LIFE NOGGIN, check out these videos we did on the science of happiness and the signs of depression.

    如果你想看更多 LIFE NOGGIN 的影片,去看看關於幸福科學和憂鬱症警示的影片吧!

  • You can also follow us on Facebook and Twitter.


  • I'm Blocko. This has been LIFE NOGGIN.

    我是Blocko,這裡是LIFE NOGGIN。

  • Stay calm and don't forget to keep on thinking.


Hey there, welcome to LIFE NOGGIN.

嗨!大家好,歡迎來到 LIFE NOGGIN。

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