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  • Eight scientific tips on how to become perfectly happy.

    教你如何變得超級快樂的八項科學秘訣。

  • There are thousands of tips and psychological techniques to help you feel happy and learn to rejoice each day.

    有上千條的秘訣和心理學方法可以幫助你感到開心,並學習如何每天笑口常開。

  • But what if our own body had a say in the matter?

    但如果我們的身體也有話要說呢?

  • Here are some findings from neuroscientists, the people who know exactly when and why your brain can give you the feeling of total satisfaction.

    以下有幾點是神經學家的發現,也就是一群深知何時大腦會給予人滿足感及其原因的專家。

  • The first tip is our favorite. It's helpful and very easy to do.

    第一個秘訣是我們的最愛,不僅有用,且很容易辦到。

  • Number eight - engage in pleasant expectations.

    第八,沉浸在愉悅的期待中。

  • The process of waiting for something nice, such as food or sex, is similar to the learned salivation response.

    等待美好事物的過程,像是美食或性愛,和後天學習的唾液分泌反應相似。

  • Our brain experiences pleasure by simply anticipating the fun event.

    只要想到即將發生的趣事,我們的大腦就會感到愉悅。

  • That's why we're so fond of counting the hours and minutes to some particular moment be it a birthday or a wedding, a meeting with a friend or just an end to a long working day.

    這就是為何人會熱衷在某些特殊活動上倒數計時,像是生日派對、婚禮、和朋友的聚會,或是僅僅是一整天工作的結束。

  • Number seven - solve problems one at a time.

    第七,一次解決一個問題。

  • Our brain never stops searching for solutions to every problem that worries us.

    我們的大腦不停地轉動,為找到方法解決使我們苦惱的問題。

  • This takes a lot of energy, so whenever the brain gets tired and the problem remains unsolved, we feel anxiety and irritation.

    這需要耗費很多精力,所以當大腦疲累,而問題又還沒解決時,我們會感到焦慮和煩躁。

  • On the other hand, for every right decision, our brain rewards itself with a dose of neurotransmitters that calm the limbic system, and help us once again see the world in a better light.

    從另一方面來說,每做一次對的決定,我們的大腦就會用能鎮定邊緣系統的神經傳導物質,來犒賞自己,並幫助我們再次對世界懷抱希望。

  • Therefore, you need to try to deal with one problem at a time.

    因此,嘗試一次解決一個問題就好。

  • Number six - don't keep things pent up. Talk about what bothers you.

    第六,不要壓抑情緒,談談你覺得煩心的事情。

  • The processes of wordlessly going through something unpleasant and talking about your predicament involve making use of different parts of the brain. In the latter case, negative emotions have a lesser impact on your well-being.

    得不到發洩的不滿情緒,和藉由談談自身困境的發洩過程,會牽涉到大腦中不同的處理部位,後者的負面情緒對健康的影響較小。

  • It is, therefore, advisable not to keep your problems pent up.

    所以,建議你不要把問題埋藏在心裡。

  • Whenever you talk about them, your brain triggers the production of serotonin and even manages to find some positive sides to the situation.

    當你說出口時,大腦會觸發血清素的產生,甚至會設法找尋問題好的一面。

  • Number five - touch and embrace.

    第五,接觸和擁抱。

  • To us humans, social interaction is important. Various forms of physical support, especially touch and embraces, can speed up a person's recovery from an illness.

    對人類來說,社交互動是很重要的,各式各樣身體上的支持,特別是肢體接觸和擁抱,都可以加速身體復原的能力。

  • If you remove physical interaction from your life, the brain perceives its absence the way it perceives physical pain.

    如果生活中沒有肢體互動,缺少的肢體接觸對大腦來說就跟生理的疼痛一樣。

  • The same brain zones become activated in both instances.

    是由同一個腦區所反應、負責的。

  • This, in turn, triggers the processes that affect your mood and contribute to the development of depression.

    隨後便會影響心情,並促成憂鬱症的發展。

  • Number four - learn, learn, and, once again, learn!

    第四,學習、學習、再學習!

  • For the brain, acquiring new knowledge means permanent adaptation to a changing environment.

    對大腦來說,獲得新知識意味著對不斷變遷的環境有永久的適應力。

  • Using this process, our brain develops, rewarding its own attempts to absorb and process new information with dopamine, the hormone of joy.

    這個過程會讓大腦發展,並分泌多巴胺,也就是歡樂的賀爾蒙,以獎勵自己嘗試吸收和處理新資訊的能力。

  • If you want to be happy, don't be afraid to try something new, to change your surroundings, to learn new things.

    如果你想保持心情愉悅,就不要害怕嘗試新的事物、改變環境,以及學習新知識。

  • Number three - play sports.

    第三,運動。

  • Physical activity is stress for the body. As soon as the stress ends, your body gets a reward, a dose of endorphins released by the pituitary gland.

    身體的活動對自身來說是壓力,可是,一旦壓力結束,身體會為了獎勵自己,而產生由腦下垂體所分泌的腦內嗎啡。

  • The effect is similar to that of opiates. For example, morphine, which reduces pain and elevates the mood.

    其效果和含有鴉片成分的止痛劑相似。可以減少疼痛、讓心情變好的嗎啡就是其中一例。

  • You don't need to run marathons to achieve this result. Even a regular walk can do wonders.

    不需要藉由跑馬拉松來達到此結果,即使是一般的散步也有意想不到的效果。

  • Incidentally, many writers and composers consider taking walks an indispensable part of the creative process.

    順帶一提,許多作家及作曲家認為,散步對創作過程是不可或缺的一環。

  • Number two - always try to get a good sleep.

    第二,一定要努力睡個好覺。

  • Start using a sleep mask.

    開始用眼罩吧。

  • As long as your brain thinks it's nighttime, it keeps on sleeping. While we sleep in the dark, our body secretes the hormone melatonin.

    只要大腦認定是就寢時間,它就會維持睡眠狀態,而我們的身體會在黑暗中睡眠時,分泌退黑激素。

  • This hormone slows down all processes in the body, helping it to recover and increasing the level of serotonin in the hypothalamus. If the brain detects a change in lighting, it triggers the release of the stress hormone to awaken the body quickly.

    這種賀爾蒙會減緩身體的運作,以幫助身體的自我修復,和提高下視丘中血清素的含量,如果大腦偵測到光線的變化,便會引起壓力賀爾蒙的釋放,讓身體迅速清醒過來。

  • Therefore, it is important to sleep six to eight hours a day, and only in darkened environments.

    因此,每天只在黑暗環境中睡足六到八小時是很重要的。

  • Number one - learn to say thank you.

    第一,學著把「謝謝」掛在嘴邊。

  • When we say "thank you" to a person, or even fate, for something, we focus ourselves on the positive aspects of life.

    當我們因某種原因,向別人,或甚至是命運說「謝謝」時,就會讓自己關注人生正向的一面。

  • Pleasant memories trigger serotonin production in the anterior cingulate cortex.

    美好回憶會引發前扣帶皮質中血清素的產生。

  • This technique is often used for treating depression.

    這個方法常用來治療憂鬱症。

  • Don't forget to hit the like button below the video and share it with those friends who are having a hard time.

    別忘了按下影片下方的「我喜歡」鍵,並將影片分享給心情正低落的朋友。

  • They might find this video very helpful. To stay on the bright side of life, click subscribe.

    他們也許會覺得有所幫助。想要讓人生充滿希望,按下訂閱吧!

Eight scientific tips on how to become perfectly happy.

教你如何變得超級快樂的八項科學秘訣。

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 BRIGHTSIDE 大腦 身體 分泌 賀爾蒙 血清素

整天鬱鬱寡歡?教你如何變快樂! (8 Scientific Tricks to Become Perfectly Happy)

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    Liang Chen 發佈於 2019 年 01 月 07 日
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