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  • So what, what advice do I have for college graduates?

    對於大學畢業生我會怎麼建議呢

  • Certainly, I do want you to apply for a job at solar city or Tesla or SpaceX

    當然,我希望你們能應徵太陽城或特斯拉或太空X的職位

  • and

    還有

  • if not then, if that doesn't work for whatever reason then

    如果因為任何理由你無法應徵的話

  • apply to jobs at other companies in that arena or

    你可以應徵相關領域的其他公司

  • try starting a company.

    或是嘗試創業

  • If you study engineering and you figure out how to design new things

    如果你就讀工程科系 並且對設計東西很有思維的話

  • then it's relatively easy to start a company

    自己創業的話是相對簡單的

  • you just need to get a few like-minded people

    你需要的就只是找幾個和你理念相同的夥伴

  • with you.

    00:00:43,000 --> 00:00:45,400 我必須承認太空企業

  • I have to say that the space business is quite

    是很難去踏出創業的第一步

  • it's quite hard to start a company in space business

    因為航空業非常消耗資源

  • because it's such a capital intensive business

    所以去做太陽能產業或許是比較好的選擇

  • So it may be better to do something in Solar power

    或者是你想要發展汽車產業

  • or if you're gonna do it in cars

    去嘗試看看,像是汽車零件供應商

  • do it in, as kind of a component supplier for cars or something like that.

    瑪斯克擁有經濟和物理大學學位

  • Musk has college degrees in business and physics

    但太空X是他踏入航太業的第一段旅程

  • but SpaceX is his first venture in aerospace.

    你是怎麼獲得的太空船公司的科技部門頭協 所需要的專業?

  • How did you get the expertise to be the chief technology officer of a rocket ship company?

    我有物理學為背景, 用這個作為基礎幫助我很大

  • Well, I do have a physics background, that's helpful as a foundation

    我閱讀很多書籍, 而且跟很多的聰明人士交流

  • and then I read a lot of books and talked to a lot of, lot of smart people.

    不要盲目地追隨潮流

  • don't just follow the trend

    你應該聽我說過

  • you may have heard me say

    在探討物理方面上的第一個原則

  • that it's good to think in terms of the physics approach of first principles

    就是與其去假設是非對錯

  • which is rather than reasoning by analogy

    你可以對所有事實和真理追根究柢 並以此當作基礎

  • you boil things down to the most fundamental truths you can imagine

    從那邊開始探討

  • and you reason up from there

    是一個非常好的方法去釐清事實

  • and this is a good way to figure out if

    如果一切開始合理

  • if something really makes sense

    即使大家也做一樣的事情

  • or if it's just what everybody else is doing

    雖然很難去使用這個方法 而且這個方法不能應用在所有事情上

  • and it's hard to think that way, you can't think- think that way about everything

    這需要很大的努力

  • it takes a lot of effort

    但如果你想要創新那這是最好的方法

  • but if you're trying to do something new it's the best way to think

    這個構想是物理學家發明用來

  • and that framework was developed by physicists

    理解違背常理的知識像是量子力學而產生的

  • to figure out counterintuitive things like quantum mechanics.

    所以這是一個非常強大的方法

  • So it's really a powerful powerful method.

    我想知道在你的生命中有發生任何讓你很意外的事嗎

  • And I want to know what is the one thing that has surprised you about your life?

    說實在所有發生在我身上事我都蠻意外的

  • Well, I simply I'm surprised about the whole thing honestly

    我沒有想到自己可以達到今天這樣的成就

  • I certainly didn't expect to be, to be, for any of these things to happen, honestly

    你知道,我想做的就是能夠參與科技業

  • Yeah, I just you know, I know I wanted to be involved in technology

    00:02:32,700 --> 00:02:35,350 我之所以會在1995年創立這家公司

  • and

    是打算發展網路業的 因為我無法理解

  • in fact the only reason I started a company back in 95

    為何網路公司已經那麼少了 但我卻沒被錄取

  • an internet company was because I couldn't get it

    我試著應徵Netscape,我寄了我的履歷

  • there were only a few internet companies and I couldn't get a job at any of them

    而且我試著去認識其他人, 但是我害羞到無法開口

  • I tried to get a job at at Netscape and I sent my resume

    當時我心裡就想, 我不如自己創立一個公司

  • and I tried hanging out in the lobby, but I was too shy to talk to anyone

    因為沒有一個公司要我

  • and it was like okay, well I guess I'll have to start a company

    00:03:06,100 --> 00:03:07,600 我不是一個毫無畏懼的人

  • cause I can't get a job anywhere.

    事實上我對恐懼很敬畏

  • thank you

  • I wouldn't say I'm fearless

    如果

  • in fact I I think I fear, I feel fear quite strongly

    如果我們所做的一切

  • but I

    非凡重要的話我會壓抑恐懼

  • if the

    但不能說我毫無畏懼, 我對恐懼的感覺很強烈

  • if what we're doing isn't

    我認為大家傾向加重風險來自於個人因素

  • if what I'm doing I think is important enough then I just override the fear

    要還貸款和養小孩是一檔事

  • so, but it's not as though I don't fear, I feel fear like more stronger than I would like.

    如果你因為這些因素無法專心工作

  • I think also people tend to overweight risk on a personal level

    那你要怎麼還貸款和養小孩呢

  • it's one thing if you've got you know a mortgage to pay and kids to support

    好吧,我可以理解這些因素

  • and that if you were to deviate from your job

    但假設你還年輕才剛踏入社會

  • than well, how are you going to feed your family and pay the rent?

    或是剛從高中畢業等

  • Okay, that's understandable

    你有什麼理由談風險

  • but let's say you're young and you're just coming out of college

    你知道你至少不會餓死

  • or coming out of high school or whatever

    說真的在各種經濟體系下

  • What do you- What do you risk?

    賺錢去養活自己並不是那麼難

  • You know you're not gonna starve, I mean...

    我不清處其他人害怕的點是什麼

  • It's really, certainly not in any kind of modern economy

    或許他們是害怕失敗吧

  • It's so easy to earn enough money just to live somewhere and eat food.

    既然都沒有這麼多風險了 那人們更應該勇於嘗試

  • I don't know what other people- what they are afraid of

    教育對你的理解是什麼

  • they are mostly afraid of failure I think.

    基本上就是下載資訊並透過你的大腦去演算

  • People should be less risk-averse when there's not much at risk.

    00:04:42,300 --> 00:04:46,800 這個比喻其實對制式化教育是很嚴重的

  • What is education like?

    不應該只是大量吸收資訊

  • you're basically downloading data and algorithms into your brain

    而是能充分並有興趣的理解學習過程

  • and

    一直以來我都有輕微的自我意識危機

  • it's it's actually amazingly bad in conventional education

    因為我不斷地去探討活著的意義

  • It's like it shouldn't be like this huge chore

    像是為什麼有些事存在, 它的用意是什麼

  • like the more you can gamify the process of learning the better.

    然後我的定論是既然我們的科技可以突飛猛進

  • I always had sort of a slight existential crisis

    那我們也可以擴展我們對自我意識的框架

  • because I was trying to figure out what does it all mean?

    所以我們能問更好的問題

  • like what's the purpose of things?

    並且能脫離偏見

  • and I came to the conclusion that if we can advance the the knowledge of the world

    是我們進步的唯一方向

  • if we can do things that expand the scope and and scale of consciousness

    是什麼給你動力?

  • Then we're better able to ask the right questions

    你早上醒來想到的第一件事是什麼?

  • and become more enlightened

    當你發現一個問題,你會如何解決?

  • and that's really the only way forward.

    驅使我的動力是我希望能夠思考未來

  • What drives you?

    並且感覺良好

  • what what is it that when you wake up in the morning

    所以,我們正在盡我們所能

  • do you see a problem and you want to solve it?

    去擁有更好未來

  • The thing that drives me is that I want to be able to think about the future

    從可能發生的事情中獲得靈感

  • and feel good about that

    並期待明天的到來。

  • so that, you know we're doing what we can to

    所以給我動力的理由

  • have the future be, be as good as possible

    正是試圖弄清楚我們如何確保事情能發展更好

  • to be inspired by what is likely to happen

    我會堅持下去

  • and to look forward to the next day.

    這正是特斯拉和太空X背後唯一的準則

  • So that's that's what really really drives me

    我認為這非常重要就是

  • is trying to figure out how do we, how do we make sure that things are great?

    我們加速永續性能源世代的到來

  • I'm gonna be so and

    和減少能源消耗

  • that's the unlined principle behind Tesla and SpaceX

    這是不可避免的,但是這遲早發生

  • is that, I think it's pretty important

    還有太空X的目標就是使生命多行星化

  • that we accelerate the transition to sustainable generation

    並儘我們所能來延續阿波羅的夢想

  • and consumption of energy.

    並最終為生命做出貢獻, 達成生命多行星化的目標。

  • It's inevitable, but it's- it matters if, if it happens sooner or later

    讓我們再談談這個問題

  • And then SpaceX is about helping make life multi-planetary

    我想每個人都非常感興趣 當你說生命多行星

  • and doing what we can to continue the dream of Apollo

    是啊

  • and ultimately make contribution to life becoming multi-planetary.

    很令人興奮

  • Let's talk a little more about that

    這真的很令人興奮

  • I think everyone is very interested that when you say making life multi-planetary

    那你的願景是什麼?

  • yeah

    你知道,我想 特別是對美國人

  • that's exciting

    你知道,就像你想的那樣 美國是一個充滿探險家的地方。

  • it is exciting

    人們從世界各地來到這裡

  • So what's your vision there?

    選擇放棄已知的事以支持未知的事。

  • You know, I think particularly for Americans

    所以我認為美國所做出的探險 昇華了人類的探索精神

  • you know, like if you think about it America is a nation of explorers.

    00:07:53,600 --> 00:07:56,400 所以這就是它吸引美國人這麼多的原因

  • People came here from other parts of the world

    你知道

  • that you know chose to give up the known in favor of the unknown.

    你看

  • So I think exploration like the United States is a distillation of the human spirit of exploration

    有一次太空船的悲劇釀成了七個人死亡

  • and

    對這太可怕但, 你知道嗎很多人一直在面臨死亡

  • So that's why it appeals to Americans so much

    但為什麼我們會這麼關心呢?

  • you know

    因為和那些人一同死去是探索的夢想

  • you can see this when

    這就是為什麼。

  • there was a shuttle tragedy and seven people died

    我當時認為特斯拉和太空X一開始不會成功

  • and that's that's terrible but, you know a lot of people die all the time

    你真的這麼以為?

  • but why do we care so much?

    對阿當然

  • because it was the dream of exploration that was dying along with those people

    真的?

  • that's why.

    當然

  • I mean I thought both Tesla and SpaceX would fail at the beginning

    然而,你投入了所有的錢

  • You thought?

    我期盼會失去它,好吧 從技術上講,我的想法是

  • Yeah, sure

    我會從PayPal拿一半錢, 所以如果我失去了一半,那沒關係

  • really?

    但當然公司會遇到困難

  • of course

    然後,我的選擇是要嘛就放棄公司

  • nevertheless you put all your money in them

    要嘛把所有的錢投資公司

  • I expected to lose it, and well technically what I thought was

    所以

  • well I'll take half the money from PayPal and if I lose half of it that's okay

    我真的不想放棄公司 所以我把所有的錢都投入在裡面了

  • but then of course the companies encounter difficulties

    00:08:57,324 --> 00:09:00,524 然後當時的我得跟朋友借錢才能討飯吃

  • and then, I have a choice of either like let the company die

    00:09:01,800 --> 00:09:06,400 你知道,就只是尋找能證明擁有特殊能力

  • or put you know all the money into the companies

    而且如果有非凡成就的記錄的話

  • and so

    那很可能將繼續向未來發展。

  • I really don't want the companies to die so I put all the money in the companies

    這一切都跟賭注的大小有關

  • yeah

    如果賭注很高,如果它真的很重要

  • and then I had to borrow money form friends to pay living expenses

    那麼我們應該克服恐懼, 無論如何都要堅持下去

  • yes

    基本上

  • you know just looking just for evidence of exceptional ability

    我的意思是

  • and if there's a track record of exceptional achievement

    我能抑制恐懼,但我感到害怕

  • then it's likely that that will continue into the future.

    這點很煩,我希望我

  • Well, it really depends on the stakes

    我希望我感覺更少的恐懼

  • if the stakes are high, if it's really important

  • then one should, then I, you know overcome the fear and just do it anyway

  • I essentially

  • I mean I just

  • drive overrides fear, but I feel the fear

  • It's kind of annoying, I wish I didn't

  • I wish I felt it less.

So what, what advice do I have for college graduates?

對於大學畢業生我會怎麼建議呢

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伊隆‧瑪斯克對學生和大學畢業生的終極建議 - 如何擁有成功人生 (Elon Musk's Ultimate Advice for Students & College Grads - HOW TO SUCCEED IN LIFE)

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    黃浩瑋 發佈於 2019 年 06 月 11 日
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