Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Hello!

  • In this video we're looking at mixed conditionals. We've already looked at, in earlier videos,

  • at "I'll go if you go" and "I would go if you went" and "I'd have gone if you had gone".

  • But now we have some new variations - instructions, descriptions and some mixing of different

  • time frames.

  • Hope you enjoy it!

  • We're looking at mixed conditionals and before we do that let's just go back and look at

  • the three, here they are, that we looked at before in three other videos. First of all

  • "I'll go if you go", which is future possibility, I'll just write "possible" there, it's a real

  • possibility. Then "I would go if you went", which is imaginary, I'll write "imaginary",

  • imaginary. And then, finally, "I'd have gone if you had gone" which is the impossible one

  • set in the past but it's impossible because it didn't happen.

  • Now I want to look at some variations, I've got three I want to look at on the left. First

  • of all 'instructions', I'll write "instructions" there and this is where we use the "if" followed

  • by a present tense and an imperative. I'd just like to grab one and pull it in, there

  • it is, that's it: "If it boils, turn the gas down" or "if he calls, let me know" or the

  • other way round "tell me, if you don't feel well".

  • Right, let's move on to the next one now. The next one are 'common events' in present

  • time. Once again I'll grab one and drag it in, there we go: "if you're tired, you need

  • to rest" or another one "if it rains, we stay at home" or a scientific one which it's often

  • used for "if you heat water at sea level, it boils at one hundred degrees centigrade"

  • or if you like "if you heat water at 350 metres above sea level, it boils at ninety-nine degrees

  • centigrade", I think that's right!

  • Now the last one, I'll just write 'present perfect' there, we introduce the present perfect

  • and once again I'll grab another sentence and drag it in. "If you have finished" (which

  • seems to be past present) I'll look at your work". And of course, we could also do that

  • as an instruction so I'll drag in another option there "if you have finished, hand in

  • your paper".

  • Let's move on, I've got three more ways of mixing up conditionals. First of all 'imaginary',

  • I'll just write "again" there, and I'll drag in two more sentences from the right, here

  • we go. "I would go if you should go" or "I would go if you were to go" - two more formal

  • ways of expressing imaginary conditionals.

  • Now the next one, 'common events', I'll just write 'common events' but this time in the

  • past. And here's an example, which I'll drag in, let me get it in the right place, that's

  • it, okay: "if it was fine, we usually had lunch out". Or another one "we wore overcoats,

  • if it was cold" or "we used to take them in by car, if they were late".

  • And finally, the last group I want to put out is when we get a time shift from past

  • to present. That's when the sentence starts in the past and changes to the present, I'll

  • just drag in an example here, get it in the right place...that's ok, good. "If I had worked

  • harder(then), I would be ok now". "If you had saved your money, you would be able to

  • buy a new laptop now".

  • Now, just to finish let's have a look at what Polly thinks about all this. Here she is and

  • what's she got to say? She's got to say: "well perfect...if only".

  • I've given three basic ways of using conditionals; possible, imaginary and impossible and I've

  • given half a dozen variations but the truth is that the way we use conditionals depends

  • on meaning more than grammar and any combination of tenses if alright, if it makes good sense.

  • Now I'd like to move on to a little test.



單字即點即查 點擊單字可以查詢單字解釋

A2 初級

學習英語 - 條件。混合型 (Learn English - Conditions: Mixed)

  • 1092 52
    VoiceTube 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日