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  • African swine fever is a viral disease of pigs and wild boar that is usually deadly; there are neither vaccines nor cures.

    非洲豬瘟通常是由豬和野豬屍體所引發的病毒性疾病,既沒有疫苗也沒有解藥。

  • For this reason, it has serious socio-economic consequences in affected countries.

    基於這原因,會對疫區國家造成嚴重的社會經濟影響。

  • The virus can persist for several months in the environment and in carcasses. Curing or smoking pork products does not always destroy it.

    病毒可以在環境及屍體中存留數個月,醃肉或燻肉產品也無法消滅病毒。

  • Humans are not susceptible to the disease, but they can spread it through contaminated clothes or equipment.

    人類不會受到疾病感染,但病毒會透過受感染的衣物或裝備來傳播。

  • The clinical signs of African swine fever are variable and not always easy to recognise.

    非洲豬瘟的臨床症狀多變並不容易辨識,

  • Typically, diseased animals will show some or all of the following symptoms: high fever, weakness and reluctance to stand, vomiting, diarrhoea (sometimes bloody), red or blue coloured skin (particularly around the ears and snout), coughing and difficulty breathing, miscarriage, stillbirths and weak litters.

    一般來說,受感染的動物會有以下部分或全部症狀:高燒、虛弱及不願意移動、嘔吐、腹瀉 (有時血便) 、皮膚上出現紅色或藍色斑點,尤其是耳部及鼻部、咳嗽、呼吸困難、母豬流產、死產,生下的幼崽虛弱。

  • Most of the diseased animals will die within 10 days.

    大多數病豬會在 10 天內死亡。

  • Domestic pigs can be infected in a number of ways including: contact with contagious pigs purchased in affected areas, being fed with kitchen waste, contact with contaminated materials, for instance from people wearing contaminated footwear or clothing.

    家豬感染非洲豬瘟途徑如下:接觸從疫區來的病豬、餵豬吃廚餘、接觸受病毒汙染的東西,舉例來說,人類受感染的鞋子或衣物。

  • Contact your official veterinarian immediately if you suspect African swine fever has infected your herd.

    如果懷疑自己的豬隻感染非洲豬瘟,立即連繫政府部門的獸醫。

  • Do not move your animals from the farm.

    不要把豬隻從養豬場移走。

  • Always change clothing and footwear when leaving the farm.

    離開養豬場後一定要更換衣服鞋子。

  • Before purchasing feed, litter or pigs, ensure that they come from trustworthy farms that have carried out the necessary measures to protect their farms from the virus.

    買豬飼料、豬幼崽或成豬前,確保牠們的上游養殖場來源可靠,並確認他們完成必要的防疫檢驗。

  • Do not allow your pigs to have contact with wild boar or pigs from other farms.

    不要讓家豬接觸外頭的野豬或其他養殖場的豬。

  • Never feed kitchen waste to pigs.

    不要餵食豬隻廚餘。

  • Avoid outdoor farming in areas affected by African swine fever.

    不要在曾發生非洲豬瘟的地區養豬。

  • Do not acquire pork or pork products from affected areas which could cause risk.

    不要從疫區購買豬肉或豬肉製品,這只會增加風險。

  • Wild boar hunters should not come into contact with domestic pigs after hunting.

    野豬獵人在打獵後不要接觸家豬。

  • Hunters and farmers should not leave offal from wild boar or domestic pigs in the fields and forests.

    獵人和農民不應將野豬或家豬的內臟留在田野和森林中。

  • Do not leave food or waste in areas where wild boar may be present.

    不要遺留食物及廚餘在有野豬存在的地區。

  • Contact official veterinary authorities when you find a dead wild boar even if the area has not been affected by African swine fever.

    當你發現有死亡野豬時,即使這個地區沒受到非洲豬瘟影響,請你聯繫官方獸醫專家。

African swine fever is a viral disease of pigs and wild boar that is usually deadly; there are neither vaccines nor cures.

非洲豬瘟通常是由豬和野豬屍體所引發的病毒性疾病,既沒有疫苗也沒有解藥。

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教你如何防範非洲豬瘟發生!(African Swine Fever: how to stay one step ahead)

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    吱吱 發佈於 2021 年 10 月 01 日
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