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  • Some arguments focus on the person

    有些爭論是針對人,

  • and not what they're saying.

    而不是他們說了什麼。

  • A way to keep your focus on the discussion is to think of the sporting phrase:

    下面這句運動諺語能提醒我們:將專注力保持在討論之事上,

  • 'play the ball, not the player.'

    "專注腳下的球,而非你的對手。"

  • It's hard to listen to people we don't like,

    要聽我們討厭的人說話著實不易,

  • and difficult to disagree with those that we trust and admire.

    而要對我們喜愛和信任的對象說的話表示不同意則太難

  • But there's a difference between who a person is

    但一個人說了什麼和他自己本身是甚麼

  • and what they're saying.

    仍有所區別。

  • For example, you might not like a particular fossil fuel company because

    例如,你可能討厭某家特定的石油能源公司

  • of past illegal and unethical behavior.

    因為他們過去違法不道德的行徑。

  • A smiling representative from the company comes on television and claims their

    當一個笑容可掬的公司公關在電視上宣稱,

  • chemical research division has discovered an environmentally friendly

    他們的化學能源部門發現了對環境友善的"乾淨"手段

  • 'clean' form of petrol.

    來處理石油,

  • It's too easy to be suspicious of their actions. After all, you don't like them.

    這樣的言論很容易就讓你懷疑他們的動機。畢竟,你不喜歡這間公司。

  • They could be lying to make money.

    你懷疑他們可能是為了賺錢而說謊。

  • The company's history may imply its actions could warrant closer attention and further discussion.

    因為這間公司的歷史意味著它背後的動機可能需要進一步的討論和檢視,

  • But you can't logically claim that they're wrong based on that argument alone.

    但若只就該公司的論點而言,邏輯上你不能說他們是錯的。

  • Linking your dislike with your disbelief

    讓自己的好惡與你信任或不信任該論點連結在一起,

  • is playing the player, not the issue.

    就像和對手意氣相爭,而非專注在議題本身。

  • You can't be an expert on all things and how you feel about a person can be

    你不可能在各領域上都是專家,而你如何看待一個人可能

  • a tempting first step in deciding if you trust them.

    才是誘人的第一步,來決定你是否相信這些論點。

  • But arguments based on who you trust and who you suspect, just aren't valid.

    但將論點置於你選擇相信或懷疑的人上,是無法令人信服的。

  • We turn to experts when we're looking for good advice. However, claiming a conclusion

    當我們尋求較好的建議時,我們可能傾向相信專家學者。然而,宣稱一項結果在邏輯上是真的

  • is logically true because an expert made the claim, is a poor argument.

    只因為某個專家發表了這項結果,這樣的論點站不住腳。

  • Climate change is not a concern because experts say so, it's a concern because the

    關切氣候變遷不是因為專家說這件事很重要,而是因為

  • facts and the logic indicate that global warming is a sound conclusion.

    事實及邏輯指出全球暖化早已是個合理的結論。

  • That doesn't mean that we should ignore experts,

    不過這不代表我們應該忽略專家,

  • instead we need to ask questions to better understand the facts and the logic that

    相反的,我們需要提出問題,好更進一步去了解

  • they use.

    他們所採用的事實及邏輯推演方式。

Some arguments focus on the person

有些爭論是針對人,

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批判性思考4: 對事不對人 (Critical Thinking Part 4: Getting Personal)

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    賽魯 發佈於 2015 年 04 月 23 日
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