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We all know that Stephen Hawking has worked
on some of the biggest questions about our cosmos.
But what are those ideas?
What's at the centre of a black hole?
Black holes are incredibly dense objects
with such strong gravity that nothing,
not even light, can escape their pull.
Hawking worked with physicist Roger Penrose
to show that if you were able to travel to the centre of a black hole,
you'd find something called a 'singularity'.
In a singularity, so much matter is squashed into such a small space
that the force of gravity becomes infinite .
Everything is crushed into a point of infinite density,
punching a hole through the fabric of the universe,
and tearing up the rulebook of physics as we know it.
It's pretty frightening stuff.
What happens at the edge of a black hole?
You might think that a vacuum is empty.
But it's not. At least, not according to quantum theory.
It's fizzing with particles and anti-particles
that pop into existence from nowhere
and then disappear.
When this happens at the edge of a black hole,
one of the pair of particles can fall in,
leaving the other to escape.
This tiny stream of escaping particles
is known as, ''Hawking radiation.''
Now, those particles that fell into the black hole,
they have a negative mass,
and cause the black hole to get smaller, and smaller,
until it disappears.
It will take a while,
in fact a very long while,
but in it's final moments
a black hole will explode with the energy of a million nuclear bombs –
leaving nothing behind.
So why is Stephen Hawking our most famous living scientist?
Well, he showed that at one point
everything in our universe was squeezed into a singularity,
which then exploded into the Big Bang,
eventually forming galaxies, stars, planets, you, me,
and everything in existence !
That was the beginning of our universe.
And I suppose the incredible thing is that
he came up with all these profound, provocative insights
without the convenience of being able to write anything down.
He did it all by thought alone.
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簡單解說史蒂芬霍金的偉大想法 | 衛報動畫 (Stephen Hawking's big ideas... made simple | Guardian Animations)

19944 分類 收藏
Johnny Tsai 發佈於 2018 年 3 月 24 日    Sally Hsu 翻譯    Evangeline 審核
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