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  • When French mathematician Laurent Schwartz was in high school,

    法國數學家洛朗.施瓦茨在讀高中時

  • he started to worry that he wasn't smart enough to solve math problems.

    開始擔心自己並不夠聰明,無法解開數學題目

  • Maybe you know a similar feeling.

    或許你也有同感

  • You sit down to take a math test,

    你坐著寫一份數學考卷

  • and you feel your heart beat faster

    感覺自己心跳加速

  • and your palms start to sweat.

    開始流手汗

  • You get butterflies in your stomach, and you can't concentrate.

    緊張得七上八下,也無法集中注意力

  • This phenomenon is called math anxiety,

    這個現象就稱為「數學焦慮」

  • and if it happens to you, you're not alone.

    假如你也有數學焦慮,請放心,你並不孤單

  • Researchers think about 20% of the population suffers from it.

    研究人員估計,約有百分之二十的人飽受「數學焦慮」所苦

  • Some psychologists even consider it a diagnosable condition.

    有些心理學家甚至認為,「數學焦慮」是能夠診斷出來的症狀

  • But having mathematical anxiety doesn't necessarily mean you're bad at math -

    但擁有數學焦慮情形,並不代表你的數學就不好

  • not even close.

    這兩者並無直接關聯

  • Laurent Schwartz went on to win the Fields Medal,

    洛朗.施瓦茨之後贏得費爾茲獎

  • the highest award in mathematics.

    獲得此獎是數學領域的最高榮譽

  • People might think that they're anxious about math because they're bad at it,

    很多人可能認為,因為數學不好,所以才會有數學焦慮

  • but it's often the other way around.

    但因果往往恰好相反

  • They're doing poorly in math because they're anxious about it.

    他們之所以數學不好,是由於受到事先產生的焦慮感所致

  • Some psychologists think that's because

    有些心力學家認為,因為

  • math anxiety decreases a cognitive resource

    數學焦慮會降低一種認知資源

  • called working memory.

    稱作「工作記憶」

  • That's the short-term memory system

    工作記憶是一短期記憶系統

  • that helps you organize the information you need to complete a task.

    協助你統整所需完成任務的資訊

  • Worrying about being able to solve math problems,

    擔心自己解數學的能力

  • or not doing well on a test,

    或是考試考不好

  • eats up working memory,

    這些想法會吞噬掉大量的工作記憶

  • leaving less of it available to tackle the math itself.

    只留下有限的工作記憶來解開數學題目本身

  • People can suddenly struggle with even basic math skills,

    人們可能會因此突然解不開簡單的數學題

  • like arithmetic, that they've otherwise mastered.

    像是算數,那些人們早就精通的能力竟瞬間失靈

  • Academic anxiety certainly isn't limited to math,

    學術焦慮當然不只侷限於數學領域

  • but it does seem to happen much more frequently,

    但焦慮看似越來越常發生

  • and cause more harm in that subject.

    並在該領域造成更多傷害

  • So why would that be?

    所以究竟為何會這樣呢?

  • Researchers aren't yet sure,

    研究人員目前也尚未得到定論

  • but some studies suggest

    但有研究指出

  • that the way children are exposed to math by their parents and teachers

    孩子對數學的看法受父母與老師

  • play a large part.

    很大的影響

  • If parents talk about math like something challenging and unfamiliar,

    假如父母在提到數學時,把數學形容成具有挑戰或不熟悉的樣子

  • children can internalize that.

    小孩會把這樣的形象內化

  • Teachers with math anxiety are also likely to spread it to their students.

    具有數學焦慮的老師也可能把焦慮傳給他們的學生

  • Pressure to solve problems quickly dials up stress even more.

    解題帶來的壓力更快和焦慮產生連結

  • And in some cultures, being good at math is a sign of being smart in general.

    在有些文化中,數學好大抵而言是聰明的象徵

  • When the stakes are that high,

    當難度很高時

  • it's not surprising that students are anxious.

    學生會有焦慮感也就無可厚非了

  • Even Maryam Mirzakhani, an influential mathematician

    就連瑪麗安·米爾札哈尼,這位深具影響力的數學家

  • who was the first woman to win the Fields Medal,

    首位獲得費爾茨獎的女得主

  • felt unconfident and lost interest in mathematics

    也沒有對自己的數學能力充滿信心,有點興趣缺缺

  • because her math teacher in middle school didn't think she was talented.

    原因在於國中數學老師並不覺得她有數學天賦

  • So if you experience mathematical anxiety,

    所以假如你正經歷著數學焦慮

  • what can you do?

    究竟該如何是好呢?

  • Relaxation techniques, like short breathing exercises,

    放鬆技巧,像是短時間呼吸運動

  • have improved test performance in students with math anxiety.

    已增進有數學焦慮症的學生的考試表現

  • Writing down your worries can also help.

    寫下自己的擔憂也有助於紓解焦慮

  • This strategy may give you a chance to reevaluate a stressful experience,

    這個策略或許能給你一次機會,重新檢視自己的壓力經驗

  • freeing up working memory.

    讓工作記憶更有餘裕

  • And if you have the chance,

    假如你有機會

  • physical activity, like a brisk walk, deepens breathing

    活動身體,像是快步健走,能促進深層呼吸

  • and helps relieve muscle tension,

    幫助舒緩肌肉緊繃的問題

  • preventing anxiety from building.

    預防焦慮累積

  • You can also use your knowledge about the brain

    你也可以運用大腦的相關知識

  • to change your mindset.

    去改變自己的心態

  • The brain is flexible,

    大腦富有彈性

  • and the areas involved in math skills can always grow and develop.

    涉及數學能力的區塊總是能有所增長與發展

  • This is a psychological principle called the growth mindset.

    這是一種名為「增長型心態」的心理原則

  • Thinking of yourself as someone who can grow and improve

    想像自己是能夠成長與進步

  • can actually help you grow and improve.

    真的能幫你帶來實質的成長與進步

  • If you're a teacher or parent of young children,

    假如你是老師或孩子的父母

  • try being playful with math and focusing on the creative aspects.

    試著帶著玩心看數學,著重在創造層面

  • That can build the numerical skills

    如此一來,便可建立許多技巧

  • that help students approach math with confidence later on.

    能在接下來協助學生充滿信心學習數學

  • Importantly, you should give children the time and space

    重要的事,你應該要給予孩子時間和空間

  • to work through their answers.

    去解開題目

  • And if you're an administrator,

    而假如你是位管理者

  • make sure your teachers have the positive attitudes

    確保你管理的老師是否有著積極的態度

  • and mathematical confidence necessary

    與對數學的信心

  • to inspire confidence in all of their students.

    這對啟發學生的數學信心十分必要

  • Also, don't let anyone spread the myth

    同時,不要讓任何人傳播迷思

  • that boys are innately better than girls at math.

    相信男生天生的數學能力就優於女生

  • That is completely false.

    這完全不正確

  • If you experience math anxiety,

    假如你也經歷數學焦慮

  • it may not help to just know that math anxiety exists.

    迷思並不足以幫助你了解數學焦慮的存在

  • Or perhaps it's reassuring to put a name to the problem.

    或許只是讓你確信自己為所遇困境安加罪名

  • Regardless, if you take a look around yourself,

    無論如何,假如你仔細觀察周遭

  • the odds are good that you'll see someone experiencing the same thing as you.

    你有很大的機會可以看見,有許多人也面臨和你一模一樣的處境

  • Just remember that the anxiety is not a reflection of your ability,

    只需記得,焦慮並非反映你的能力優劣

  • but it is something you can conquer with time and awareness.

    而是經過時間與覺察,你就能戰勝的挑戰

When French mathematician Laurent Schwartz was in high school,

法國數學家洛朗.施瓦茨在讀高中時

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 TED-Ed 數學 焦慮 記憶 老師 能力

【TED-Ed】看到數學就全身發抖⋯⋯你也有數學焦慮症嗎?(中英字幕) (Why do people get so anxious about math? - Orly Rubinsten)

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    Anita Lin 發佈於 2017 年 04 月 25 日
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