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  • Bunny kisses might sound really cute until you find out that rabbits eat their own poop.

    小兔子的吻聽起來特別地可愛直到你發現兔子會吃它們自己的便便。

  • Hey dedicated defecators, Jules here for DNews!

    嘿,各位,今天由我-Jules 主持 DNews !

  • If you own a dog, or a rabbit, or a dung beetle (no judgment),

    如果你有養狗,或者是兔子,或者是蜣螂(不予置評),

  • then you might have noticed that unlike most humans, they love to eat poop.

    那麼你可能發現了,不像大多數的人類,它們愛吃便便。

  • Their own poop, the poop of other animals, it's like the world is their poop buffet.

    它們自己的便便,其他動物的便便,這就像整個世界都是它們的便便自助餐。

  • And as a responsible pet owner, you may be inclined to put a stop to this behavior,

    作為一個有責任感的寵物主人,你可能傾向於叫停這樣的行為,

  • but it turns out: that would make YOU the poopy-head.

    但是事實卻是:這樣做將會讓你自己成為「屎腦袋」。

  • The term for when animals eat excrement isCoprophagia”,

    形容動物吃排泄物的專有名詞是「食糞癖」,

  • koproscoming from the greek term forpoop’,

    “ kopros” 這個詞根在希臘語是「便便」的意思,

  • andphagiabeing the greek suffix foreating’.

    “phagia”是希臘語後綴意思是「吃」。

  • Poop-eating.

    吃便便。

  • And plenty of animals do this, the most common being rodents, and lagomorphs,

    並且有很多動物都這樣做,最常這樣做動物有嚙齒動物,兔類動物,

  • which are rabbits, hares, and pika.

    也就是兔子、野兔和鼠兔。

  • Interestingly, both rodents and lagomorphs share a common ancestor,

    有意思的是,嚙齒動物和兔類動物有著共同的祖先,

  • which may explain their similar habits.

    這也就可以解釋為什麼它們有這個相似的習性了。

  • In fact, this poop-eating habit is necessary for these animals to survive.

    其實,吃便便這樣的習慣對這些動物來說是生存必需的。

  • See, rodents and lagomorphs have really inefficient digestive systems;

    你看,嚙齒動物和兔類動物有著低效率的消化系統;

  • the absorption of food happens in the lower gastrointestinal tract, and very little is actually absorbed.

    吸收食物是在下胃腸道進行的,事實上只有很少很少被吸收。

  • So, to make sure the necessary nutrients get into their system,

    所以,為了確保必需的營養物質進入它們體內系統,

  • these animals simply run them through the digestive system again,

    這些動物就只不過讓這些營養物質再次進入消化系統,

  • by eating what they excrete.

    通過吃它們的排泄物。

  • Interestingly, lagomorphs produce two different types of poop, one that is hard and inedible (they leave that alone),

    有意思的是,兔類動物會產生兩種不同的便便,一種是硬的且不能食用的(它們忽略這種便便),

  • and the other is soft and nutrient rich, calledcecotropes

    另外一種是軟的並且很有營養的,被稱「盲腸便」

  • ornight feces”.

    或者是「夜晚糞便」。

  • Cecotropes are produced in a different part of the digestive tract,

    盲腸便是在不同的消化道產生的,

  • and are coated with mucus so they survive the trip.

    並且外面包裹著黏液,所以它們可以在腸道中存活。

  • And even though it still exits the anus, it is not technically consideredfeces”,

    並且盡管它仍然存在於肛門,學術上已不被認為是「排泄物」,

  • and so technically it's not coprophagia.

    因此學術上這就不是「食便癖」。

  • Either way, these animals are eating something that came out of their butt.

    不管怎樣,這些動物吃的這些都是出自它們的屁股。

  • But rabbits, rodents, and hares are not the only ones ordering poop for pickup.

    但是兔子、嚙齒動物以及野兔不是僅有的吃便便的動物。

  • The dung beetle, as you can probably imagine, also eat, well, dung.

    蜣螂,正如你所想,同樣,也是吃,呃,糞便。

  • They actually extract nutrients, specifically nitrogen, from animal excrement,

    事實上它們從動物的排泄物中提取營養物質,尤其是氮,

  • and sometimes use the pile as a nest for their offspring.

    並且有時用這些作為它們後代的巢穴。

  • Piglets, foals, nonhuman primates and dogs also eat poop, although less regularly.

    小豬、小馬駒、非人靈長類以及狗都是吃便便的,雖然不常吃。

  • The young of some of these mammals, foals and dogs for example, eat their mother's poop

    這些哺乳動物中較年輕的,例如小馬和狗,吃它們媽媽的便便

  • in order to populate their gut bacteria, which is necessary for breaking down food in the stomach.

    以形成它們的腸道細菌,這些細菌在分解胃內的食物時十分必要。

  • Moreover, mother dogs will often lick their puppies anus and genitals to stimulate defecation.

    除此之外,狗媽媽會經常添狗寶寶的肛門和生殖器來刺激排便。

  • Then, for quick cleanup, the mother dog will just eat whatever comes out.

    隨後,為了盡快清洗乾淨,狗媽媽會吃掉排出來的任何東西。

  • I mean, it's faster than carrying one of those poop bag dispensers.

    也就是,這比拿著一個裝便便的袋子要更加快捷。

  • This habit of eating mom's poop, or having mom eat your poop tends to end after the animal is weaned,

    吃媽媽便便的這種習慣,或者媽媽吃寶寶便便的習慣會在寶寶斷奶之後結束,

  • but some animals seems to acquire a taste for it, and they keep up the habit.

    但是有些動物似乎是習慣了這樣的味道,它們就會保持這樣的習慣。

  • According to veterinarians, dogs eating poop, whether it is their own, or a stranger's,

    據獸醫稱,狗吃便便,不論是它們自己的或是陌生狗的,

  • is natural and generally not harmful.

    都是自然並且總體無害的。

  • In rare cases, it can potentially transmit a disease or cause vomiting and diarrhea.

    在某些特例,這有可能會傳播疾病或者引起嘔吐和腹瀉。

  • And, if they jump up to give you a kiss, it's a definitely gross.

    並且,如果它們跳起來親你,這必定是很噁心的。

  • Now, as for humans, eating poop isn't quite so carefree.

    現在,對人類來說,吃便便不太能被人接受。

  • Coprophagia is usually associated with mental illness, and human poop, especially someone else's,

    食便癖通常會和心理疾病聯繫起來,而且人類的糞便,尤其是其他人的,

  • can contain bacteria such as shigella, campylobacter, salmonella and E.coli.

    會有細菌如志賀氏桿菌、灣區桿菌、沙門氏菌和大腸桿菌。

  • Those can make you VERY sick.

    這些細菌可以讓你患上重病。

  • Long story short: rabbits, rats, and dogs eating poop: usually fine and healthy.

    長話短說:兔子、老鼠和狗吃便便:通常是好的並且健康的。

  • Humans eating poop: Nope.

    人類吃便便:不行。

  • Nope nope nope.

    不行,不行,堅決不行。

  • If you're into animal poop or just animals that start with P, you might like the show Panda Republic.

    如果你對動物便便感興趣,你可能會喜歡 Panda Republic 這個表演。

  • Now you can watch that and all the other Animal Planet shows on Animal Planet Go.

    現在你可以在Animal Planet Go 上觀看這個以及所有其他動物的表演。

  • Check out the link in the description or download it from your app store.

    查看簡介中的連結或者從應用程序商店下載。

  • So if your dog eats poop, should you let your dog lick your face?

    如果你的狗吃便便,你應該讓它舔你的臉嗎?

  • Or will you get a whole bunch of weird diseases?

    你會得一大堆奇怪的疾病嗎?

  • You can find out right here.

    你可以在這裏找到答案。

  • And what other weird animal habits do you want to know about?

    動物其他怪癖你還有甚麼想知道的呢?

  • Let us know in the comments, don't forget to subscribe,

    留下評論告訴我們,記得訂閱我們,

  • and make sure to come back here for more DNews everyday!

    一定要記得每天關注我們來獲取更多的 DNews!

Bunny kisses might sound really cute until you find out that rabbits eat their own poop.

小兔子的吻聽起來特別地可愛直到你發現兔子會吃它們自己的便便。

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B2 中高級 中文 便便 動物 兔子 排泄物 細菌 習慣

為何動物吃自己的便便? (Why Do Animals Eat Their Own Poop?)

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    ernest 發佈於 2017 年 01 月 29 日
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