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  • Hey there!

    嗨大家好!

  • Welcome to Life Noggin.

    歡迎來到 Life Noggin。

  • Oooh!

    喔喔!

  • Everything's rounded!

    每個東西都是圓的耶!

  • Very trendy!

    好酷!

  • There's always a lot of excitement at the end of the yearbut also a lot of things to worry about.

    到了年尾總有許多令人興奮的事,但也有許多事要擔心。

  • Studying for final exams, getting all of your grades, buying presents for loved ones, traveling to see friends and family.

    為了期末考讀書,成績拿高分,買禮物送心愛的人,出門見家人朋友。

  • Okay.

    好。

  • Wow, I'm starting to get stressed out here myself.

    哇,我開始感到焦慮了。

  • Like really stressed!

    非常焦慮!

  • What if I have a heart attack?

    如果我有心臟病怎麼辦?

  • Oh no, could you die from stress?

    喔不,有可能因為壓力過大而死掉嗎?

  • Oh, now I'm stressed out about that too!

    天啊,我現在更緊張了!

  • Okay, Blocko, deep breath.

    好吧,Blocko,深呼吸。

  • It's gonna be okay!

    一切都會沒事的!

  • Stress is your body's response to a demand.

    壓力是你身體對需求的應變機制。

  • When you experience stress, like a major deadline or a traumatic event, your body releases hormones and chemicals like adrenaline, cortisol and norepinephrine.

    當你經歷壓力,例如重要的截止日期或痛苦難忘的事,身體就會釋放荷爾蒙以及化學物質,像是腎上腺素、壓力荷爾蒙,以及去甲基腎上腺素。

  • These things come in handy during life or death situations where you have to react quickly or perform a heroic feat of strength, like this!

    這些東西在生死場合中會派上用場,在這情況下,你必須快速反應或表現出強而有力的模樣,像這樣!

  • Is this impressing anybody?

    這樣有沒有很厲害?

  • No?

    沒有?

  • Alright.

    好吧。

  • I'm putting it down.

    我把它放下。

  • But chronic or persistent stress can have negative effects on your health.

    但長期或持續性的壓力可能對健康造成負面影響。

  • When you are constantly stressed, your body is continuously executing the fight or flight response that unleashes the wave of hormones and chemicals throughout your body.

    當你經常處於壓力之下,你的身體會持續進行「戰鬥或逃跑反應」,從而釋放出荷爾蒙和化學物質至全身。

  • This eventually takes it's toll.

    這遲早會造成傷害。

  • Stress hormones can have a negative effect on your central nervous systemwhich is made up of your brain and spinal cord.

    壓力荷爾蒙會對你的中樞神經系統造成負面影響;中樞神經系統是由你的大腦和脊隨組成。

  • Studies have found that while some stress can improve memory, chronic stress can decrease your brain mass and cause structural changes, resulting in the worsening of your memory, cognition, and ability to learn.

    研究發現,雖然有些壓力可以幫助記憶,但長期的壓力會使大腦質量受損以及結構變化,讓你的記憶力、認知力及學習力大幅度退化。

  • Stress hormones also have a big impact on your heart.

    壓力荷爾和也會對你的心臟有重大影響。

  • They can cause an increase in blood vessel constriction, leading to a higher risk of heart attacks and other heart conditions.

    它們會增加血管收縮,從而增加心臟病及其他心臟問題的風險。

  • Some researchers even suggest that severe stress can lead to premature death, or sudden death, especially in those who have a history of heart disease.

    有些學者甚至認為,嚴重的壓力會導致早死或猝死,特別是對那些有心臟病史的人。

  • Yeah, okay, alright, I need to calm down.

    嗯,好,我需要冷靜一下。

  • Stress can also weaken your immune system, making you more susceptible to colds and infections.

    壓力也會讓你的免疫系統變虛弱,讓你更容易感冒和受到感染。

  • Research also shows that stress can make vaccines less effective and wounds take longer to heal.

    研究也指出,壓力會讓疫苗的效果降低,讓傷口需要更久時間才能癒合。

  • Stress can also cause problems in your respiratory, digestive, and reproductive systems, contribute to mental disorders like depression and anxiety, and lead to over or under eatingwhich could put you at risk for malnutrition.

    壓力也可能讓你的呼吸系統,消化系統和生殖系統出問題,導致憂鬱和焦慮等精神疾病,並造成過度飲食或飲食不足,讓你有營養不良的風險。

  • Students reaching adulthood experience particularly high levels of stress due to demands from school, pressures to succeed, the transition into college life, and post-graduation plans.

    學生成年後由於學校的要求、必須成功的壓力,大學生活的轉變及畢業後的規劃,因而經歷高度的壓力。

  • A 2017 study by the American College Health Association found that 87% of students were overwhelmed with all the things they had to do.

    美國大學健康協會 2017 年做的一項研究發現,87 % 的學生覺得自己被他們必須完成的事情壓垮了。

  • Another study of nearly 14,000 college students found that 45% experienced two or more major stressors in the past year, and 26% were unable to even manage their stress.

    另一項研究的對象為 14,000 名大學生,發現其中 45 % 的人在過去一年中經歷過兩次或更多的主要壓力源,而26%的人甚至無法應對壓力。

  • The good news is that many students are seeking help.

    好消息是許多學生正在尋求幫助。

  • One college counseling center reported a 231% increase in yearly visits and a 173% increase in total yearly clients.

    一家大學諮詢中心的年度訪問量增加了 231 %,年度客戶總數增加了 173 %。

  • This center offers both individual and group talk therapy sessions that aim to teach students how to better deal with their issues.

    這間諮詢中心提供個人及團體談話治療課程,主要是教導學生如何更妥善地處理他們的問題。

  • In addition to counseling, studies have found that college students can benefit from coping strategies aimed at changing or adapting to the stressor.

    除了諮詢外,研究發現大學生可以透過改變、適應壓力源的應對策略中獲益。

  • Certain meditation techniques are great, exercise can also help, and there are tons of online educational tools.

    許多冥想方法很不錯、運動也有幫助,還有很多的線上教育工具。

  • While good grades are important, so is your health and well being.

    雖然好成績很重要,但你的身體以及心理健康也很重要。

  • It is possible to work yourself to death, so yeah, it's important take breaks, relax, and ask for help when you need it.

    工作至死是有可能發生的,所以休息、放鬆、在需要時尋求幫助很重要。

  • Do you need to get the thing you're stressed about off your chest?

    你需要一吐為快心中的焦慮嗎?

  • If you feel comfortable with sharing, let me know in the comment section below.

    如果你願意分享,歡迎在下方留言區讓我知道。

  • Let's all support each other in these very stressful times.

    讓我們在這個充滿壓力的大環境裡互相扶持。

  • Curious to know the dangerous effects of bullying?

    想知道霸凌的危險影響嗎?

  • Well then you should check out this video I did with Triangle Bob.

    那你該看看我跟 Triangle Bob 合作的這部影片。

  • They often experience neglect, or are themselves bullied by parents or siblings.

    他們經常受忽視,或者被父母、手足欺負。

  • Due to feeling shame from their own experiences, they might develop defense mechanisms like aggression.

    由於對自己的經歷感到羞愧,他們可能會發展出攻擊性的的防禦機制。

  • Targets of bullying often do worse in school and are more likely to skip or dropout.

    霸凌受害者在學校裡的表現往往會更糟,也更可能逃學或輟學。

  • As always, my name is Blocko, this has been Life Noggin, don't forget to keep on thinking.

    一如往常,我是 Blocko,這裡是 Life Noggin,別忘了繼續思考。

Hey there!

嗨大家好!

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 壓力 荷爾蒙 焦慮 學生 心臟 研究

【生命教育】多少壓力才能殺死你? (How Much Stress Can Kill You?)

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    Jerry Liu 發佈於 2019 年 03 月 06 日
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