中級 美國腔 42508 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
Will winning the lottery make you happier?
Imagine winning a multi-million dollar lottery tomorrow.
If you're like many of us, you'd be ecstatic,
unable to believe your good luck.
But would that joy still be there a few years later?
Maybe not.
A famous study of 22 lottery winners showed that months after winning,
their average reported levels of happiness had increased no more
than that of a control group who hadn't won the lottery.
Some were actually unhappier than they had been before winning.
And later studies have confirmed that our emotional well-being,
how often and how intensely we feel things like joy,
sorrow,
anxiety,
or anger,
don't seem to improve with wealth or status beyond a certain point.
This has to do with a phenomenon known as hedonic adaptation,
or the hedonic treadmill.
It describes our tendency to adapt to new situations
to maintain a stable emotional equilibrium.
When it comes to feeling happy,
most of us seem to have a base level that stays more or less constant
throughout our existence.
Of course, the novelty of better food,
superior vacations,
and more beautiful homes
can at first make you feel like you're walking on air,
but as you get used to those things,
you revert to your default emotional state.
That might sound pretty gloomy,
but hedonic adaptation makes us less emotionally sensitive
to any kind of change,
including negative ones.
The study with the lottery winners
also looked at people who had suffered an accident that left them paralyzed.
When asked several months after their accidents how happy they were,
they reported levels of happiness approaching their original baseline.
So while the hedonic treadmill may inhibit our enjoyment of positive changes,
it seems to also enable our resilience in recovering from adversity.
There are other reasons that winning the lottery
may not make us happier in the long run.
It can be difficult to manage large sums of money,
and some lottery winners wind up spending or losing it all quickly.
It can also be socially isolating.
Some winners experience a deluge of unwelcome requests for money,
so they wind up cutting themselves off from others.
And wealth may actually make us meaner.
In one study, participants played a rigged game of monopoly
where the experimenters made some players rich quickly.
The wealthy players started patronizing the poorer players
and hogging the snacks they were meant to share.
But just because a huge influx of cash
isn't guaranteed to bring joy into your life
doesn't mean that money can never make us happier.
Findings show that we adapt to extrinsic and material things,
like a new car or a bigger house,
much faster than we do to novel experiences,
like visiting a new place or learning a new skill.
So by that reasoning,
the more you spend money on experiences rather than things,
the happier you'd be.
And there's another way to turn your money into happiness:
spend it on other people.
In one study, participants were given some money
and were either asked to spend it on themselves or on someone else.
Later that evening, researchers called up these participants
and asked them how happy they were.
The happiness levels of those who had spent the money on others
were significantly greater than that of those who had spent it on themselves.
And that seems to be true around the world.
Another study examined the generosity of over 200,000 people from 136 countries.
In over 90% of these countries,
people who donated tended to be happier than those who didn't.
But this all may be easier said than done.
Let's say a million dollars falls into your lap tomorrow.
What do you do with it?
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

載入中…

【TED-Ed】贏得樂透會讓你更快樂嗎? (Would winning the lottery make you happier? - Raj Raghunathan)

42508 分類 收藏
黃如育 發佈於 2017 年 3 月 30 日    Su Kids 翻譯    Sabrina Hsu 審核
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔