Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Hi, welcome again to I'm Adam.

    嗨!再次歡迎你們來到。 我是Adam

  • I have another great lesson for you today based on a request... a few requests actually from our site.


  • Today we're going to look at collective nouns.


  • An example of a collective noun: "staff," "police," "audience," "family."


  • These are nouns that might include individual members or be looked at as a whole unit. Okay?


  • So: "staff" means the total group of employees or it could mean each individual employee.


  • So, now you're thinking: "Okay, well, good. What's the problem?" The problem is: what verb do you use with these nouns?


  • Do you use a singular verb or do you use a plural verb? Okay?


  • So, for example: do you say: "The staff was invited to the BBQ." or do you say: "The staff were invited to the BBQ." ?


  • I'm afraid I have to tell you there's actually no rule that decides this. What decides this is you.


  • What do you want to say? What is your intention?


  • Do you want to talk about the individuals or do you want to talk about the group?


  • So, for example, look at this sentence: "My staff consists of young and old alike."


  • "Alike" is basically like "both," both young and old. Now, why am I using the singular?

    「Alike(相像的)」基本上指的是「both(兩方都)」,不管是資深或是資淺的員工。現在,為什麼我這例子用單數動詞(consists of)?

  • Because here, I'm talking about my entire staff, my whole collection of employees. Right?


  • So I'm probably going to use the singular because I'm talking about the one unit.


  • Here, I could say both; I could say: "My staff," my entire unit of employees

    這裡,有兩個說法,我可以說:「My staff」我全部員工

  • or I could talk about all the individual people who work for me were invited to the BBQ.


  • So, again, it's more about what you want to intend... What you want to say, what you intend.


  • Sorry, you don't want to intend anything. Okay? Here's another example:

    不好意思,沒有want to intend這種用法。這裡還有另一個例子:

  • "My family are going to be citizens soon." "My family was invited to a wedding."


  • I have a plural, I have the singular; it depends what you want to say.


  • "My family" - means all the members of my family - "are going to be citizens soon."


  • It makes a bit more sense when you also have the plural here, "are" and "citizens."


  • It sounds a little bit more natural. "My family was invited to the wedding."


  • The Smiths, we... My family is the Smiths, so when the invitation came,


  • the Smiths are cordially invited to attend the wedding of Jack and Jill who last week went up the hill.

    上面寫著很誠摯地邀請Smiths全家人到Jack和Jill的婚禮,他們上週一起爬山(Jack 和 Jill是一首童謠詩歌)

  • I'm not sure if you know this little poem. Anyway, so the same thing goes for "police," "audience," "couple," "faculty."


  • Lots of collective nouns. Depends what you want to say.


  • Now, usually... And keep in mind: this is also difficult for native English speakers to decide which one.


  • Keep in mind that usually in the U.S. and Canada, most people will automatically choose the singular:


  • "The staff is," "The police is," again, depending on the situation.


  • In the U.K., they will naturally or usually go for the plural: "The staff are," "The police are."


  • Now, again, let's look at: "police." I'll give you two examples.


  • Somebody was bothering my neighbor. Okay? And like they were like making noise.


  • My neighbour asked the person to leave. The person wouldn't leave, so she called the police.


  • They - the police - they came and removed this person.


  • But, I have to be very careful driving these days because the police is cracking down on texters; people who drive and text.


  • I don't do that, but I've seen them around. Right?


  • So this... You have to be careful which meaning you want to use.


  • Sometimes it'll be very natural, like I would only use the singular here because I'm talking about the whole unit.


  • Here, both okay. Do you want to talk about the individuals?


  • Do you want to talk about the group, the whole group? Now, if you want to be specific,


  • if you very clearly want to show that you're talking about the individuals, add a word: "staff members,"

    像是,如果你們想明確地指出一個群體中的個體,可以加上members或是officers:「staff members」、

  • "family members," "police officers." If you add these words that show the individuals,

    「family members」、和「police officers」。如果你們加上members,指的是群體中的個體

  • you will have absolutely no problem. If I say: "staff members," obviously the verb will be plural because this is now the main subject.

    那你們絕對知道要用什麼樣的動詞。如果我說:「staff members」毋庸自疑就是要用複數動詞。因為,members為主詞

  • And "staff" becomes the adjective, "family" becomes the adjective. Okay?


  • If I say: "police officers," "police" becomes the adjective, this is my subject,

    那如果我說:「police officers(警察)」,「police」是形容詞,officers則是主詞

  • and I'm going to use a plural verb. If I want to say one person,


  • one police officer, then of course I'm going to be talking... using the singular. Okay?


  • So, again, very straightforward. Whatever you intend to do, that's what will help you choose the verb.


  • But if you're not sure, go to: There's a quiz there where you can get a little bit more practice.


  • And, of course, visit my YouTube site, subscribe if you like.


  • And I'll see you again real soon.


Hi, welcome again to I'm Adam.

嗨!再次歡迎你們來到。 我是Adam


影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 動詞 員工 單數 複數 名詞 警察

高級英語語法:集合名詞 (Advanced English Grammar: Collective Nouns)

  • 3180 390
    pao2ge 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日