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  • Prior to 2017 no pangolin poacher served any jail time.

    在2017年之前,沒有一個偷獵鯪魚的人坐過牢。

  • The common fine was negligible, it's probably less than 100 US dollars.

    普通的罰款可以忽略不計,大概不到100美元。

  • To clamp down and to lock everybody up is can be quite problematic because it is hugely

    鉗制和鎖定每個人都是相當麻煩的,因為它是巨大的。

  • culturally acceptable, we need to make it globally available out there that this animal

    文化上可以接受的,我們需要使它全球提供有這種動物

  • is going to disappear from your culture and that is a massive thing.

    將從你的文化中消失,這是一個巨大的事情。

  • Well let me give you an example of the trade I've recorded leaving the African continent

    好吧,讓我給你舉個例子,我記錄了離開非洲大陸的貿易情況。

  • this year alone, which has run about 68.8, tons of African pangolin scales.

    僅今年就跑了約68.8,噸非洲鯪魚鱗片。

  • And that, remember, is just what we've recorded which is probably around 10% of the actual trade.

    而且,記住,這只是我們記錄的內容,可能是實際交易的10%左右。

  • This is an extreme impact.

    這是一種極端的影響。

  • I don't think their populations could sustain this onslaught for the next two to three decades.

    我不認為它們的人口能在未來二三十年內維持這種衝擊。

  • The pangolin is an ancient mammal, evolutionarily speaking 85 million years.

    穿山甲是一種古老的哺乳動物,從進化上講有8500萬年。

  • It's the only mammal covered in hard keratinous overlapping scales, they're completely edentate,

    它是唯一一種覆蓋著堅硬的角質重疊鱗片的哺乳動物,它們完全是齒狀的。

  • they can't even open their mouth.

    他們甚至不能打開他們的嘴。

  • They've got a tongue almost as long as their body, they're very closely related evolutionary

    它們的舌頭幾乎和它們的身體一樣長,它們的進化關係非常緊密

  • speaking to the carnivora in particular, cats.

    說到食肉動物,尤其是貓。

  • Its physiology is quite unique to any other

    它的生理機能是其他任何一個國家所沒有的。

  • animal but because it's so unique, and that it's covered in these hard overlapping scales

    但因為它是如此的獨特,而且它覆蓋著這些堅硬的重疊的鱗片

  • made out of keratin, that's its downfall.

    由角蛋白製成,這是它的缺點。

  • That's what makes it so sought after.

    所以才會受到人們的追捧。

  • Pangolins, both in Asia,

    鯪魚,都在亞洲。

  • in particular Vietnam, and in Africa have been used as bushmeat and regarded as

    特別是越南,以及在非洲,一直被用作叢林肉,並被認為是 "綠色食品"。

  • a delicacy for many thousands of years, but more importantly both in Africa and Asia,

    幾千年來的美食,但更重要的是在非洲和亞洲。

  • pangolins are used culturally as traditional pharmacopoeia or traditional medicine if you

    鯪魚在文化上被用作傳統藥典或傳統藥物,如果你

  • want to call it that, and that also dates back many many thousands of years, and this

    想叫這個名字,那也可以追溯到很多很多年前,而這個

  • is a great prize and this is a great downfall is the harvest of it scales ground into

    是一個巨大的獎賞,這是一個巨大的缺點是收穫它的鱗片地成

  • powder and added as a remedy in both traditional African and traditional Asian medicines.

    粉,並在傳統非洲和傳統亞洲藥物中作為一種補救措施添加。

  • There's no medicinal value to scales.

    鱗片沒有藥用價值。

  • It's like biting your own nails, the same material as rhino horn.

    就像咬自己的指甲,和犀牛角一樣的材質。

  • So it has no medicinal value whatsoever.

    所以它沒有任何的藥用價值。

  • We work in the Gulf of Guinea and Ghana and Syria.

    我們在幾內亞灣、加納和敘利亞工作。

  • So our organization is involved intensely in Africa and in Africa's pangolins but more

    所以,我們的組織在非洲和非洲的鯪魚方面的參與是非常緊密的,但更多的是...

  • intensely in South Africa in reversing the illegal trade in the Temmick's ground pangolin.

    在南非大力扭轉Temmick's土鯪魚的非法貿易。

  • We do have legal sting operations where we pose as buyers and we pull pangolins out of the

    我們確實有合法的刺探行動,我們冒充買家,把穿山甲拉出來。

  • trade and arrest poachers.

    貿易和逮捕偷獵者。

  • We work very closely with covert police units, the stock theft units also working as

    我們與祕密警察組織、部門的合作非常密切,股票盜竊組織、部門也作為

  • endangered species units, the Department of Environmental Affairs, the environmental management

    瀕危物種組織、部門、環境部、環境管理部等。

  • inspectors.

    檢查員;

  • The national prosecuting authority all collectively working together to combat this trade.

    國家檢察機關都集體合作打擊這種貿易。

  • We are very much involved with police and law enforcement so when they are all about

    我們非常參與警察和執法,所以當他們都是關於。

  • to sting for a pangolin in the trade African Pangolin Working Group goes in.

    以刺為貿易中的鯪魚非洲鯪魚工作組進。

  • Ray Jansen and they confiscate

    雷-詹森和他們沒收了

  • the pangolin, and after all the processes with the police that pangolin comes here

    鯪魚,經過所有的程序與警察,鯪魚來到這裡。

  • for treatment and rehabilitation.

    治療和康復;

  • Most of them are very compromised they haven't had food for about seven to 10 days or water.

    他們中的大多數人都非常妥協,他們已經有七到十天沒有吃東西了,也沒有喝水了。

  • Some have been have been closed in a bag or in a drum sitting in their own urine and feces

    有的已經被封在袋子裡或桶裡坐著自己的尿液和糞便了

  • for weeks, they often have pneumonia, they have wounds.

    幾個星期,他們經常有肺炎,他們有傷口。

  • They need drips, they need antibiotics and quite intensive care.

    他們需要打點滴,需要抗生素,需要相當的特護。

  • This little girl is called Titi.

    這個小姑娘叫蒂蒂。

  • She was intercepted near the Zimbabwe border.

    她在辛巴維邊境附近被攔截。

  • We don't know where her mom is she's supposed to be still with her mom, she's only one and

    我們不知道她的媽媽在哪裡 她應該還在媽媽身邊,她只有一個人,而且...

  • a half kilos.

    半公斤。

  • She's very small, young, probably about two months old.

    她很小,很年輕,大概兩個月大。

  • So she came to us and that's a yawn.

    所以她來找我們,那是一個哈欠。

  • She came to us and we have to hand raise her now.

    她來找我們,我們現在要親手撫養她。

  • Give her milk, take her out walking until she's old enough so we can release her back into

    給她喝奶,帶她出去走走,直到她長大了,我們才能把她放回去

  • the wild.

    野外。

  • The most difficult thing about studying pangolins is, they are so difficult to find.

    研究鯪魚最困難的是,它們太難找了。

  • You can't get in a helicopter and fly around and see one like you would rhino and elephants.

    你不能像看犀牛和大象那樣,坐上直升機飛來飛去看一個。

  • And they're so secretive they only come out at night, they're very quiet, nobody really

    而且他們很神祕,他們只在晚上出來,他們很安靜,沒有人真正的。

  • knew about him until they were poached at this level because they were just going on

    直到被挖到這個級別才知道他的存在,因為他們只是去了。

  • with their lives as normal, and now suddenly we have to find ways to study something that

    和他們的生活一樣正常,而現在突然我們要想辦法研究一些

  • hides in a hole during the day and makes no noise at night.

    白天躲在洞裡,晚上不發出聲音。

  • It's difficult.

    這是很難的。

  • Since we've been campaigning and been in the courts and providing testimony and aggravation

    由於我們一直在運動,並在法庭上提供證詞和加害

  • sentencing since 2017, the latest sentence we got was eight years in jail.

    2017年以來的判決,我們最新的判決是8年有期徒刑。

  • The maximum sentence for a pangolin poacher in this country is 10 years in jail, in collaboration,

    在我國,偷獵穿山甲者最高可判處10年有期徒刑,協同。

  • or with or without a final 10 million South African rands.

    或有或沒有最後的1000萬南非蘭特。

  • You can't save something that you don't know exist.

    你不能拯救你不知道存在的東西。

  • They're not just a scaly hard thing they're a mammal and have personality, from the first

    它們不僅僅是一個有鱗片的硬物,它們是哺乳動物,有個性,從一開始的

  • time I've met one, we all say it's like a bewitching, you see them for the first time

    遇到的時候,我們都說像著了魔一樣,你第一次看到他們的樣子

  • and you just fall in love.

    而你只是愛上了。

  • They can't help you even though you haven't seen one, even though you're not aware of

    即使你沒見過,即使你不知道,他們也幫不了你。

  • what it doesn't mean you shouldn't care about this wonderful mystical and charismatic mammal

    這並不意味著你不應該關心這種奇妙的神祕而有魅力的哺乳動物。

  • that's disappearing very rapidly.

    消失的非常快。

  • The best the public can do globally out there all over the world is spread the word, spread the message,

    公眾在全球範圍內能做的最好的事情就是傳播,傳播資訊。

  • spread the love.

    傳播愛。

  • That's the very best thing you can do.

    這是你能做的最好的事情。

  • We need to send out the love for this animal over the world, and we need to like we embrace

    我們要把對這種動物的愛傳遍全世界,我們要像我們一樣去擁抱

  • our pop icons, we need to embrace these things just as heavily just as strongly, and with

    我們的流行圖標,我們需要擁抱這些東西一樣重一樣強,並與。

  • the same amount of emotion.

    同樣多的情感。

Prior to 2017 no pangolin poacher served any jail time.

在2017年之前,沒有一個偷獵鯪魚的人坐過牢。

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B1 中級 中文 鱗片 非洲 貿易 哺乳動物 偷獵 傳統

為什麼最奇怪的哺乳動物也是被販賣最多的? (Why the Strangest Mammal is Also the Most Trafficked)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 03 月 23 日
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