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  • Mysteries of vernacular:

    拆文解字:

  • Robot,

    機器人

  • a machine capable of carrying out

    是一台能夠執行一系列

  • a programmable series of actions.

    由電腦編碼所設計的行動的機器

  • The origin of the word robot

    "Robot" (機器人)這個單字

  • dates back more than a thousand years

    來自一千多年前,

  • to the era of serfdom in central Europe

    在中歐存在農奴制度的時代

  • when servitude was the currency for rent.

    當時,租金可用奴役來相抵。

  • In those days,

    那時,

  • the Old Church Slavonic word rabota

    "robata"這個單字在古教會斯拉夫語中

  • described the forced labor of the people.

    有被迫做苦勞的意思。

  • A slight adjustment of spelling,

    再稍微改變一下拼字,

  • and rabota became the Czech robota,

    "robata" 就變成了捷克語中的 "robota"

  • which, in addition to defining the toil of the serfs,

    "robota"除了有農奴的辛勞的意思以外

  • was also used figuratively

    也被用來比喻

  • to describe any kind of hard work or drudgery.

    任何的苦差事

  • In 1920, Czech writer Karel Capek published

    在1920年,捷克作家卡雷爾˙恰佩克出版了

  • a science fiction play called "R.U.R.",

    一本名為"R.U.R"的科幻小說,

  • short for "Rossum's Universal Robots."

    R.U.R.則是"Rossum's Universal Robots" (羅素姆的全能機器人)的縮寫

  • The story featured automated machines

    這本小說描述的是

  • with distinctly human features

    有著人類特徵的自動化機器

  • that, until they revolt,

    最終起義反抗

  • catered to the whims of the people of Earth.

    他們的製造者--人類--的無理需求

  • Capek originally considered

    恰佩克原本打算

  • calling these hard-working machines labori

    把這些努力做事的機器取名為 "labori"

  • from the Latin word for labor,

    就像拉丁文裡的"labor" (勞力)

  • but he worried it sounded a bit too scholarly.

    但他擔心會聽起來太文謅謅

  • He opted, instead, to emphasize their enslaved state

    所以他選擇叫這些機器"roboti"

  • by naming them roboti,

    或是古英文的"robot"

  • or robot in English.

    來強調它們被奴役的處境。

  • "R.U.R." was wildly successful,

    "R.U.R"這本小說非常暢銷,

  • and when it was translated into English in 1923,

    在1923年出版了英譯本後,

  • the word robot was enthusiastically embraced.

    "robot"(機器人)這個單字被廣泛的接受了。

  • Though most of today's robots look

    雖然大部分現代的機器人

  • quite different than Capek imagined,

    跟恰佩克所想像的長得不太一樣,

  • they've become just as popular as he predicted.

    恰佩克到是準確的預言了機器人受歡迎的程度

  • Unlike in "R.U.R.", though,

    跟"R.U.R."不同的是,

  • our robots haven't risen up against us,

    我們的機器人還沒起來反抗人類,

  • and here's hoping it stays that way!

    希望以後也是一直如此囉!

Mysteries of vernacular:

拆文解字:

字幕與單字

單字即點即查 點擊單字可以查詢單字解釋

B2 中高級 中文 TED-Ed 機器人 單字 小說 奴役 出版

【TED-Ed】鄉土的奧祕。機器人--Jessica Oreck和Rachael Teel。 (【TED-Ed】Mysteries of vernacular: Robot - Jessica Oreck and Rachael Teel)

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    姚易辰 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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