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  • We all know the scene: Dorothy closes her eyes,

    我們都熟悉這個場景:桃樂絲闔上眼睛

  • and repeats the Good Witch's mantra,

    重複著葛琳達的咒語

  • "No coordinates exist like one's domicile,

    "No coordinates exist like one's domicile, 「無寸土能與家舍相比、

  • no coordinates exist like one's domicile,

    no coordinates exist like one's domicile, 無寸土能與家舍相比、

  • no coordinates exist like one's domicile."

    no coordinates exist like one's domicile." 無寸土能與家舍相比」

  • Only Dorothy doesn't say that. She says five one-syllable words,

    桃樂絲其實不是這樣說的 她只說了五個單音節的字

  • "There's no place like home."

    "There's no place like home." 「無地比家親」

  • Each a word you probably learned in your first year of speaking,

    每個字都是你第一年學會講話時所學會的

  • each perfectly concise.

    很簡潔有力

  • It's not that L. Frank Baum didn't have a thesaurus,

    不是 法蘭克.鮑姆 (L. Frank Baum) 詞窮了

  • it's that in most cases $10 words fail.

    是因為在大部分情況下大字並不好用

  • Would Aerosmith have had a hit with

    史密斯飛船 (Aerosmith) 的歌會叫做

  • "Ambulate This Direction?"

    "Ambulate This Direction?" 「朝此方位步行」嗎? (原名:Walk This Way 昂首闊步)

  • Probably not.

    並不會

  • Would Patrick Henry have ignited a revolution by saying,

    派屈克.亨利 (Patrick Henry) 的革命宣言會說

  • "Provide me with liberty or bestow upon me fatality?"

    "Provide me with liberty or bestow upon me fatality?" 「授予我自由 不則賜我一死」嗎? (原文:Give me Liberty, or give me Death! 不自由 毋寧死)

  • Unlikely.

    這可未必

  • When it comes to words, bigger isn't always better.

    用字並不是越艱深越好

  • Ten-dollar words are rendered worthless if they're not understood.

    大字不被理解時 一切都是徒然

  • That's not to say every piece of literature

    但也不是說每個文學作品

  • should be written at a fourth-grade reading level,

    都要用小學四年級程度的單字來呈現

  • but it is important to know your audience.

    重點是你的讀者

  • If you're a novelist, your audience is probably expecting

    如果你是小說家 讀者通常會期望看到

  • 300 pages of vivid descriptors.

    300頁生動的描述

  • At the very least, they're expecting

    至少 他們不希望看到

  • you won't use the same 50 words to fill those pages.

    你用50個重複的單字寫完整本書

  • But most of us don't have the luxury of a captive audience.

    通常我們不敢奢望有過分專注的讀者

  • We're competing against a whole world of distractions

    因為我們都在與全世界的分心對抗

  • and we're fighting for space in an attention span

    想盡辦法抓住讀者目光

  • that continues to shrink across generations.

    進而拉近世代間的距離

  • So get to the point already.

    重點很清楚了

  • Variety may be the spice of life, but brevity is its bread and butter.

    變化可以是生活上的趣味,而簡潔就是生活的必需品了

  • So when it comes to $10 words,

    所以 當大字又想出現的時候

  • save your money and buy a Scrabble board.

    把它變小塞進你的塗鴉板吧! -Translated by Jesse Chen 陳鉦翰

We all know the scene: Dorothy closes her eyes,

我們都熟悉這個場景:桃樂絲闔上眼睛

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B2 中高級 中文 TED-Ed 讀者 單字 重點 學會 必需品

【TED-Ed】簡明單字的力量 The power of simple words - Terin Izil

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