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  • Hi everybody, my name is Alisha, and today I'm going to talk about the difference between

    嗨!大家好,我是 Alisha,今天我要跟你們講

  • someandany.”

    「一些」和「任何」之間的相異處。

  • So let's get started!

    那我們開始囉!

  • Okay, the first point I want to talk about withsomeandanyis how to use

    我想講的第一點是要怎麼把「一些」和「任何」,

  • someandanyin terms of where to put these two words in a sentence.

    這兩個字放到一個句子裡。

  • So we usesomeandanyin the same position in a sentence, we usesome

    在一個句子中,「some」和「any」會被放在同一個位子,我們會在名詞或是名詞片語

  • andanybefore the noun or before a noun phrase; so please be careful don't use

    前面用到「some」和「any」;所以請注意,不要在名詞後面加上

  • someoranyafter the noun, you should be usingsomeandanybefore the noun.

    「some」和「any」,你們要在名詞前面用到「some」和「any」。

  • Okay, so given this, let's take a look at how to decide whether you should usesome

    所以因為這樣的條件下,我們要來看在一個句子中,你們哪時候

  • or you should useanyin your sentence.

    要用到「some」還是「any」。

  • All right, first, I want to talk aboutsome.”

    第一個我想講的是「some」。

  • We usesomein positive statements, so these are statements that do not have a

    我們用「some」在肯定的陳述中,所以這些聲明不會有

  • negative in them, we use them for positive statements.

    否定意思,我們只會在正面的聲明中用到它。

  • A few examples here are, I need some butter.

    這邊有幾個例子:我需要一些(some)奶油。

  • Here, “someis before the noun.

    這邊的「some」是在名詞前面。

  • In the next one, we have "some food."

    下一個例子是:我們有「一些 (some) 食物」。

  • Somecomes before the wordfood,” the noun, a positive statement.

    「Some」在名詞「食物 food」前面,是一句正面的陳述。

  • Third, they had some good ideas.

    第三個例子是:他們已經有幾個 (some) 好想法。

  • So good ideas is used as a noun phrase here, good ideas; “somecomes before that noun phrase.

    這邊的好想法 good ideas 就是名詞片語,「some」就在那名詞前面。

  • So these are a few examples of positive statements.

    所以這邊還有幾個正面陳述的例句。

  • We can usesomein positive statements, that's the first point I want to make.

    這是第一點我想要先提的:用「some」在正面的陳述中。

  • The second point I want to make is here, it's about requests.

    第二點我想要講的是:做出要求。

  • We usesomein a couple of different question patterns, one of them is making requests.

    我們會用「some」來詢問幾個不同形式的問題,其中一個方式就是提出要求。

  • When we want to make requests we can usesomein the request, for example, can I have some time off.

    當我們想要提出要求時,我們可以用「some」在句子中,例如:我可不可以休息一下 (some)。

  • We usesomehere because it's a request, making a request to your boss, for example,

    這邊我們用 「some」因為這指的是一個要求,例如你跟老闆要求一件事情。

  • in this case, we should usesome.”

    這樣的情況下,我們就用「some」。

  • Can I have some time off?

    可不可以給我休息幾 (some) 天?

  • Second, will you give me some space?

    第二個例子:你可不可以給我一些 (some) 空間?

  • Will you give me space?

    你可不可以給我空間?

  • This is another request, we can tell, will you give me, this is a very good hint that

    這裡還有另一種提出要求的方式,你可以給我嗎?這是一個非常明顯的線索,

  • someone is asking for something else, a request should usesome.”

    某人要求某件東西,提出要求就是要用「some」。

  • Finally, can he take care of some things for me?

    最後一個句子:他可以幫我照料幾件 (some) 東西嗎?

  • Can he take care of some things for me?

    他可以幫我照料幾件 (some) 東西嗎?

  • In this case, it's asking for someone's help in a situation, so it's a request we should

    這樣的條件下,這是在一個情境下要求某人的幫忙,這是一個要求,所以我們

  • use the wordsome.”

    要用到「some」這個字。

  • Great!

    很好!

  • Ok, so the second point I want to talk about is usingsomefor offers, to make offers

    第二點我要講的是要怎麼在提出意見時用「some」。提出意見時,

  • we should usesome.”

    我們就該用「some」。

  • Again, offers, like requests, are a question, this is a question pattern where we should

    提供意見像是做出一個要求一樣,問一個問題;我們會在這個問題句型中,

  • use the wordsometo make the question.

    用到「some」。

  • So in the first example, would you like some wine?

    所以第一個例子:你想要來點 (some) 酒嗎?

  • We usesomehere in the pattern "would you like," this is a really good pattern to

    這邊「你想要 (would you like)」這種句型,我們會用「some」,這是一句非常好的句型,

  • know, would you like some bla bla bla?

    你想要來點 (some) 什麼嗎?

  • Would you like some wine?

    你想要來點 (some) 酒嗎?

  • Would you like some beer?

    你想要來點 (some) 啤酒嗎?

  • Would you like some, a few other things we'll see in just a moment, but we should usesome

    你想要來點 (some),等等我們可以再看到幾個例子,但這邊我們要用

  • here because it's an offer-type question.

    「some」,因為這是一種提供詢問的方式。

  • One more example, do you want some cheese?

    再來一個例子:你想要來點 (some) 起司嗎?

  • So these two patterns, "would you like" and "do you want," they really are expressing

    所以這兩個句型:你想要「would you like」和「do you want」,它們都是表達

  • the same thing, the difference is in the level of formality.

    同樣一件事情,只是在正式程度上有點差異。

  • "Would you like" is more formal than "do you want," these two questions, really, they have

    「Would you like」比「do you want」更為正式,這兩個問法

  • the same point; there's they're offering something, but the level of formality is what's different here.

    意思都是一樣的,它們都在提供意見,只是差在情境的不同。

  • Okay, last one.

    最後一個例子:

  • Do you want some more time?

    你想要再多一點 (some) 時間嗎?

  • So here, again, an offer, a more casual offer with "do you want."

    這邊一樣,又是提出意見,不過是一個較為隨興的提議「do you want」。

  • And again, we havesomeplus "more time."

    這邊我們有「some」和「more time」。

  • So please make sure to usesomebefore the noun or before the noun phrase and use

    請記得「some」是要在名詞和名詞片語的前面,並且可以

  • it in your offer questions as well as your request questions.

    用在提供意見或是提出要求的時候。

  • So those are the two types of questions I want to talk about today when we're using some.

    所以 some 的這兩種問句是我今天想要講的。

  • Also, please remember we use it in positive statements as well.

    也請不要忘記我們會在正面陳述中用到它。

  • Okay, so with that let's continue on toany.”

    那我們來看看「any」。

  • I want to talk aboutanynext.

    下一個我想講的是「any」。

  • Anyis sort of the opposite in terms of statement-making fromsome,” we use

    「Any」比起「some」,比較像是一種否定的情形,我們會用

  • anyin negative statements.

    「any」在負面陳述中。

  • So for example, I don't have any money.

    例如:我沒有一毛 (any) 錢。

  • Here, I have "don't," "do not," the negative here; I don't have any money, therefore, is

    這邊我有「don't」,「do not」這個否定字;我沒有一毛 (any) 錢,因此這是

  • correct, we should useanyin a negative statement.

    正確的用法,我們會用「any」在否定陳述中。

  • Another example, they didn't get any new clothes.

    另一個例子:他們沒有任何 (any) 一件新衣服。

  • They "didn't," again, here's our negative, they "didn't," "did not," so we should use

    他們沒有「didn't」,這裡否定字「did not」,所以我們在

  • anybefore our noun phrase, which is new clothes here.

    名詞片語新衣服 new clothes 前面用「any」。

  • Finally, we didn't make any cookies.

    最後一個例子:我們沒有做 (any) 餅乾。

  • Here "didn't" is in the negative form again, a past tense statement plusanybefore

    這邊的「didn't」就是否定形式,一個過去陳述並且在名詞餅乾 cookies

  • our noun here, in this case, cookies.

    前面加上「any」。

  • So please useanywhen you want to make a negative statement.

    所以當你們想要陳述一個否定時,請用「any」。

  • Ok, the last point I want to make today is about questions.

    今天最後一點我想要講的就是用 any 提出問題。

  • We useanywith questions, yes, but we do not useanyin requests and offers,

    我們用「any」來問問題,不過我們不會用它在要求或是提供意見的時候,

  • we just learned that we usesometo make requests and offers.

    我們剛學到的,「some」可以用來要求或是提供意見。

  • So in other questions, like information questions, asking for information, not for a request,

    所以在其他形式的問題中,像是問取資訊的時候、不是要求、

  • not for an offer, but asking for information, for example, we useanyin these cases.

    不是提供意見,但要求訊息,例如,我們會在這些情況下用到「any」。

  • So let's take a look the first sentence.

    我們一起來看第一個例子:

  • Do we need any salt?

    我們需要點 (any) 鹽嗎?

  • So this is an information question, yes or no, do we need any salt?

    所以這就是一種詢問,要或不要,我們需要點 (any) 鹽嗎?

  • We should use this here.

    這邊我們要用 any。

  • This is not a request, this is not an offer, soanyis the best choice for this sentence.

    這不是一個要求,也不是一個意見,所以「any」是這個句子的首選。

  • In the next example we have, does he have any markers?

    下一個例子:他有沒有 (any) 麥克筆嗎?

  • Again, this is an information question, the person speaking is asking for information,

    這是一個詢問,這個人在問一些訊息,

  • not making a request and not making an offer, so we should useanyhere.

    不是要求或是提供意見,這邊我們就要用「any」。

  • Ok, so the final example here is, did she give you any tips?

    最後一個例子:她有給你點 (any) 訣竅嗎?

  • So our noun phrase here is "tips," "any" comes before that and we notice, also, this is not

    我們這邊可以看到,有名詞片語訣竅「tips」,而「any」就在它前面,這不是

  • a request, this is not an offer, so we should useany,” it's an information question,

    一個要求,也不是一個建議,所以我們要用「any」。這是一個訊息的詢問,

  • we're asking for information.

    我們問取一些資訊。

  • So let's keep this in mind, we useanyfor questions which are not requests and not

    我們都要記得,我們會用「any」來問問題,不過不是用來要求或是

  • offers, think about it as asking for information only; you're not making a request for help,

    建議,就想像只是問取訊息,你不是要求幫助,

  • not making a request for an item, but if you're looking for information, you should probably

    不是要求一件物品,但如果你在尋求一個資訊,你就

  • useanyto make your question.

    要用「any」來問問題。

  • Okay, so let's take a look at a few examples sentences that I've prepared.

    我們來看看幾個我準備的例句。

  • The first one here is, do we have _____ milk?

    第一個例子是:我們有 ____ 牛奶嗎?

  • So here I'm looking for information, I'm not making a request, I'm not making an offer,

    這邊我在詢問一個資訊,我不是做要求或提供意見,

  • I want information, so I should useanyin this case.

    我想要知道的消息,所以在這情況下我要用「any」。

  • Do we have any milk is the correct sentence here.

    我們還有有牛奶嗎?加上 any 這個句子就對了。

  • The next one.

    下一個例子:

  • Can I have _____ cake?

    我可不可以有 _____ 蛋糕?

  • Here, I'm looking for something, I'm looking for cake, I want cake, I'm making a request.

    這邊我在找一個東西,我在找蛋糕,我想要蛋糕,我做了一個要求。

  • I know that requests are paired withsome,” so I'm going to usesomein this sentence.

    我知道做出要求就是要和「some」來搭配,所以這個句子我要用「some」。

  • Can I have some cake? is the correct sentence, the correct question.

    我可以來點 (some) 蛋糕嗎?這就是正確的句子,正確的問法。

  • The next one.

    下一個例子:

  • I really need _________ money.

    我真的需要 _______ 錢。

  • So, this is a statement, not a question, and there's no negative here, so we should use

    這是一個陳述句,不是問題,也不是否定,所以我們要用

  • the positivesome.”

    正面的字「some」。

  • I really need some money is the correct sentence here.

    我真的需要一些 (some) 錢,這是一個正確的句型。

  • All right, let's take a look at the next sentence.

    讓我們在看下一個例子:

  • I don't have _________ pets.

    我沒有 ______ 寵物。

  • Here is a negative and we see this is not a question, so we know we should useany

    這裡有一個否定字,而且我們看到這不是一個問題,所以我們知道要用「any」,

  • because we useanyfor negative statements, this "don't," "do not" shows us that we should

    因為我們會在否定陳述中用「any」,這裡的「don't」,「do not」讓我們知道

  • useanyhere.

    這邊要用「any」。

  • Okay, next one.

    下一個例子:

  • Do you want _________ pizza?

    你想要 _______ 披薩嗎?

  • So here we have a question and it looks like this is an offer, so there's this "do you

    這邊我們有一個問題,這個句子看起來像是提供一個意見,所以這裡你想要「do you

  • want" pattern, which we talked about right here, do you want.

    want」這個句型,我們之前有提過。

  • So we should usesome,” this is an offer question.

    所以我們要用「some」,這是一個提供意見的問題。

  • Do you want some pizza?

    你想要點 (some) 披薩嗎?

  • Making an offer, you should usesome.”

    提出一個意見,你就要用「some」。

  • Next sentence.

    下一個例子:

  • Wanna get _________ food after work?

    下班後想要 _______ 食物嗎?

  • Again, we have a question and we have this pattern "wanna get," this is a very very casual

    這是一個問句,然後想要「wanna get」,這是一個非常非常隨興的

  • form of "do you want to get," we've dropped "do you want to" and we use the very casual "wanna" here.

    講法「do you want to get」,我們講了你想要「do you want to」,並用了隨性的字「wanna」,

  • So it's, again, an offer question.

    所以這還是一個提出意見的問題。

  • Wanna get some food after work?

    下班後要不要去吃點 (some) 食物?

  • Okay, next sentence.

    下一個例子:

  • He doesn't have _________ friends.

    他沒有 _______ 朋友。

  • So a statement, yes, but we see a negative here, "doesn't" or "does not" is the negative

    這是一個陳述,但我們看到一個否定字「doesn't」或是「does not」,

  • form, so we know that we should useanyin this pattern, in this sentence.

    所以我們知道這句子我們要用「any」。

  • He doesn't have any friends.

    他沒有任何 (any) 朋友。

  • Okay, final question here, may be a difficult one.

    最後一個問句,可能會有一點困難。

  • Are you sure you don't want _________ dessert?

    你確定你不想要 _______ 點心?

  • So this isn't quite an offer, it's like a very very soft offer, yes, but this person

    這並不像是一個提供意見,較像是一種非常非常婉轉式的建議,但這個人

  • is sort of asking for information.

    像是在要求訊息。

  • Are you sure you don't want _________ dessert?

    你確定你不想要 _______ 點心?

  • They're asking for a yes or no kind of, and there's a negative here, there's a negative

    他們像是在問一個要或不要的問題,而這裡有一個否定字

  • "don't," a "do not," so it's a good idea in this sentence to useany.”

    「don't」和「do not」,所以這句子用「any」是一個好選擇。

  • Are you sure you don't want any dessert?

    你確定你不想要任何 (any) 點心?

  • This sounds a little bit negative.

    這聽起來有點否定。

  • Are you sure you don't want any dessert?

    你確定你不想要任何 (any) 點心?

  • If you want to make a straightforward offer, like, would you like some dessert?

    如果你想要做出一個直率的建議,像是你想要來點 (some) 點心嗎?

  • That's okay, it sounds a little bit better because there's a negative here with "don't"

    這樣聽起來有好一點,因為這邊有一個否定字「don't」,

  • to useanyin this sentence.

    所以這句子要用「any」。

  • This is a little bit tricky but I think it's I think it's okay to use.

    這句有一點難搞,但我想這可以這樣用。

  • All right!

    好了!

  • So those are a few basic points about when to usesomeand when to useany.”

    所以這些是幾個基本的用法:什麼時候用「some」,什麼時候用「any」。

  • Please remembersomeis used for positive statements, requests, and offers.

    請記得「some」是用在正面的陳述、要求、和提供意見。

  • Anyis used for negative statements and questions which are not requests or offers,

    「any」則是用在否定陳述,並且非要求或是意見性的問題,

  • like information questions.

    像是詢問性的問題。

  • So I hope this video was helpful for you.

    我希望這影片對你們是有幫助的。

  • If you have any comments or questions, please be sure to let us know in the comment section below this video.

    如果你們有任何意見或是問題,請記得在影片底下的留言處留言讓我們知道。

  • Also, if you like this video, please make sure to give it a thumbs-up, and make sure

    另外,如果你們喜歡這個影片,請不要忘記給個讚。而且如

  • to subscribe to our channel, if you haven't already.

    果你們還沒有訂閱我們的頻道,請記得訂閱。

  • Check us out at EnglishClass101.com for more good stuff as well.

    可以到 EnglishClass101.com 網站看看更多有益的課程。

  • Thanks very much for watching this episode and I will see you again soon. Bye!

    非常謝謝你們收看這一集,我會很快地在與你們相見。拜!

Hi everybody, my name is Alisha, and today I'm going to talk about the difference between

嗨!大家好,我是 Alisha,今天我要跟你們講

字幕與單字

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什麼時候用 some,什麼時候用 any?(When to use SOME and ANY? Learn English Grammar)

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    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 05 月 14 日
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