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  • Hello.

  • My name is Emma, and I have a question for you.

  • I want you to imagine this.

  • Imagine you have a big English test that's going to happen very soon.

  • What do you do?

  • Okay? And I want you to be honest.

  • Do you open up your book and study right away, and every day study for your test?

  • Do you think about your test, feel a little bit sad and maybe go on Facebook?

  • Do you, instead of studying, text your friends?

  • Or do you think about studying, but instead just watch TV?

  • Okay, a lot of students will say that they open up their book and study, but in reality

  • a lot of people don't do this.

  • A lot of people before tests or presentations or work get really, really nervous, and they

  • do something different. Okay?

  • They don't want to do the studying, they don't want to do the hard work, they're really afraid

  • to do it so instead they do something like go on Facebook, call their friends, go to the mall.

  • Okay?

  • These are all examples, two, three, and four that is...

  • These three are examples of procrastination.

  • Okay?

  • So, "procrastination" is maybe a new word for you, but it's a very, very important word

  • if you are a student or, you know, even if you work.

  • It's actually an important word for everybody because most people procrastinate.

  • So what does procrastination mean?

  • Well, it's when you have something you have to do, but instead of doing what you have

  • to do, you do something else that's more fun, and you keep thinking:

  • "I'll come back to this", but you're very busy with these other things.

  • So let's look at some examples of the word procrastination.

  • We have it as a verb, an action: "I am procrastinating."

  • Because I'm not studying, I'm on Facebook, I'm procrastinating.

  • "I'm not studying. I procrastinate a lot."

  • Here we have another verb form. Okay?

  • "I procrastinate a lot", which means: I don't study, I don't do my English homework; instead,

  • I spend a lot of time texting my friends and doing anything but English.

  • I can also use it as a noun: "My procrastination is really bad."

  • Okay?

  • My procrastination is bad.

  • I have a problem with procrastination.

  • So this means I have a problem getting stuff done because I don't really want to do it,

  • I'd rather focus on doing Facebook or something else.

  • Or we can also have it as a noun to say what we are.

  • "I'm a procrastinator."

  • A procrastinator is a person.

  • Okay? So I'm a teacher, that's a person.

  • When I was in university sometimes I was a procrastinator.

  • This means before any big test or presentation I'd start working on it, and then I'd do something

  • else because I'm a procrastinator.

  • Okay? So let's...

  • We're going to talk about why people procrastinate, and then we're going to talk about

  • how to fight procrastination. Okay?

  • Because it's something we all need to fight.

  • Okay, so why do people procrastinate?

  • That's a very good question.

  • Okay?

  • So, different people procrastinate for different reasons, but usually a lot of the times people

  • have the same reasons for procrastinating.

  • People procrastinate when they think something is difficult.

  • Okay?

  • So for me I find math difficult, so when I used to do math I would procrastinate and

  • I would do something else like, you know, make a sandwich or clean my room even because

  • the math seemed so difficult to me, anything was better than doing the math.

  • So I would always get distracted.

  • A lot of people find English grammar difficult, and when they're studying grammar a lot of

  • the times they procrastinate, they text their friends or they, you know, do anything but grammar.

  • Boring.

  • A lot of people procrastinate when something is boring.

  • They don't want to do it because it's...

  • You know, they want to do something interesting.

  • People procrastinate when something is a lot of work.

  • Okay? And they know it's a lot of work, so they look at the task and it's just too much, so

  • then they want to feel good, so they do something else.

  • A lot of people also procrastinate just because they're scared or they're afraid.

  • They want to do something well, and they don't think that they can so it well, so you know...

  • Or, you know, they're worried about making mistakes, so a lot of the times people procrastinate

  • because of fear.

  • People procrastinate because of stress.

  • You know, they have stressful jobs, they have all these stressful things going on, so they

  • just want to relax.

  • They don't want to do things that cause stress.

  • Because if you think about it, you want to be doing something, you know, that makes you feel happy.

  • For a lot of these things because they don't make you feel happy you don't want to do them,

  • and that's why people procrastinate.

  • But you'll actually find that usually the thing that you have to do isn't that bad.

  • It's actually your mind and the way you think about things that make it seem very bad and

  • very scary, but a lot of the times actually it's just once you start it's a lot easier.

  • So let's look at some ways to fight procrastination, because almost everybody procrastinates and

  • there are some really good ways to stop procrastinating.

  • So, I want you to think about something in your life right now, something that you have

  • to do but you don't really want to do it, and you keep procrastinating.

  • Maybe you have to write an English essay, maybe you have a test coming up, or a big

  • presentation, or a job interview. Okay?

  • It can be so many different things.

  • Maybe you actually just hate cleaning the dishes, you hate washing the dishes and you

  • have a sink filled with them.

  • So these are things we can procrastinate about.

  • For me, I have a big presentation in two weeks-oh no!-and I have to get started on it.

  • So I've been procrastinating, so now I'm going to use some of these tips to fight procrastination. Okay?

  • So, to get started with our fight against procrastination,

  • I want you to look at this as three parts.

  • We need to fight procrastination before we start our task or our activity.

  • So, for example, if you're studying for a test, you need to start the fight before you start studying.

  • We also need to fight procrastination while we're studying or, you know, working on our

  • presentation or whatever, and there's things we can do after we finish our task.

  • Okay? So there's three stages to this and we'll go over each one.

  • So, before you start what you're procrastinating on, before you start the work you have to

  • do, the difficult, scary work, there's a couple of things you can do so you don't feel so

  • scared or, you know, so you're not so worried about what you have to do.

  • First of all, this is probably one of the most important tips: You need to give yourself time to accomplish things.

  • People always underestimate how long something takes.

  • Okay?

  • So a lot of people, they think: "Oh, I have a test.

  • I'll study the night before.

  • You know, it's okay, I'll learn everything. It doesn't take me a lot of time."

  • You really do need time to learn.

  • Learning takes time. Okay?

  • It's actually better to do a little bit every day, than to do everything the night before,

  • especially for learning a language, you learn more by doing a little bit every day than

  • all at the same time.

  • So give yourself time to finish what you need to do.

  • No cramming, which means don't do everything right before it's due because you're going

  • to have so much stress and you're not going to be able to do things as well.

  • So give yourself time.

  • Set up a schedule. Okay?

  • So if you're studying, what days are you going to study on?

  • How long will you study each day?

  • Maybe you'll just do 20 minutes a day, maybe 30 minutes a day, maybe an hour a day, but

  • it's good to set up a schedule.

  • So Monday I do this much time, Tuesday this much, Wednesday this much, etc.

  • Again, if you're learning a language or you have a test coming up, a little bit each day

  • is the way to go.

  • Okay? You remember a lot more by doing this.

  • So plan for to do a little bit every day for tests.

  • At night, the night before you start your task...

  • So, for example, imagine I want to study on Monday - Sunday night what I'm going to do

  • is I'm going to come up with a list and I'm going to think about:

  • What do I need to do for Monday?

  • Okay?

  • The reason it's good to come up with a to-do list at night is right before bed if you make

  • your to-do list while you're sleeping your brain is doing a lot of work, and your brain

  • is actually going to start working on some of these things you need to get done and it's

  • going to prepare you for it.

  • So it's really, really good to make your to-do list the night before so your brain is ready

  • to go the next day when you actually have to do the task.

  • Okay?

  • I actually found this one to be a very interesting tip because I never knew that, but when I

  • started learning about procrastination I found that that can really help you with your procrastination.

  • Another thing that's very important to do the night before is to decide:

  • What time will you start and what time will you finish?

  • A lot of people just decide on what time they will start at.

  • "I'm going to start studying at 1pm."

  • And then they have the whole day and there's no finish time, so you know what this does?

  • It makes studying look terrible because it just seems like something that's just going

  • to go on forever, and then that's why they get so distracted because you don't have a finish time.

  • Okay? So you have no idea of when the pain of studying is going to finish.

  • It's a lot better to decide a finish time, and once you finish, relax.

  • Give yourself a break.

  • You don't have to worry about what you were working on.

  • Okay? So have a start time and a finish time.

  • Now let's look at some more tips.

  • Okay, so we just have a couple more things you can do before you start.

  • Actually before you start I have the most tips because I think getting yourself ready

  • and your brain in the right mindset can really help you stop procrastination.

  • So my next tip is: Think about when will be a good time to work on what you need to do.

  • For different people times can be different.

  • Some people love doing things really late at night, some people like doing things in the morning.