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  • RESEARCHERS IN THE UK ARE NOW LOOKING INTO THE

    為了治癒重度憂鬱症患者

  • POTENTIAL USE OF KETAMINE TO FIGHT DEPRESSION AMONG THOSE WHO

    英國研究人員目前正在著手研究,K他命對抗憂鬱症的可能性

  • ARE THE MOST DIFFICULT TO TREAT FOR THE MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEM.

    特別是那些面臨難纏心理疾病的人

  • NOW, KETAMINE OF COURSE IS WIDELY KNOWN AS EITHER A HORSE

    一般大眾對K他命用途的了解,就是K他命是用來當做鎮定馬匹的鎮定劑

  • TRANQUILIZER OR A PARTY DRUG. BUT APPARENTLY THERE ARE SOME

    再不然就是開趴時用的毒品。可是

  • POTENTIAL MEDICINAL BENEFITS TO KETAMINE, OTHER THAN

    除了被當成麻藥使用之外,似乎在醫藥用途上

  • SERVING AS AN ANESTHETIC.

    K他命也有一些潛在的效果

  • SO LET ME GIVE YOU THE DETAILS ON THAT; ACCORDING TO

    我們一起來看一下詳細資料好了;根據

  • REPORTS, THERE IS ENORMOUS INTEREST AND EXCITEMENT IN

    報告指出,對於K他命擁有「潛在效果可以用來治療重度憂鬱症患者」

  • THE FIELD ABOUT THE POTENTIAL THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF

    醫學界上上下下都充滿著

  • KETAMINE FOR SEVERE DEPRESSION.

    好奇和期待的心情

  • WHILE THE DRUG HAS BEEN AROUND FOR DECADES AS AN

    雖然K他命這種藥已經存在好幾十年了,但是到目前為止用途僅止於

  • ANESTHETIC, THE SCIENCE OF IT AS A TREATMENT FOR SEVERE

    麻藥用途,而我們對於K他命作為重度憂鬱症治療藥物的科學研究

  • DEPRESSION HAS ONLY REALLY TAKEN OFF IN THIS CENTURY.

    卻是從21世紀之後才開始的

  • THAT IS ACCORDING TO MICHAEL BLOOMFIELD, WHO IS A CONICAL

    上面的報告,是由本身是臨床心理學講師的

  • LECTURER IN PSYCHOLOGY, AND I THINK IT'S INTERESTING, LIKE,

    麥可・布魯姆非爾德所提供的。我個人也是覺得蠻有興趣的耶

  • EVERY SO OFTEN THESE STORIES COME OUT ABOUT A CERTAIN DRUG

    真的常常就會有像是「迷幻蘑菇」這種被媒體抹黑到不行的迷幻藥

  • THAT HAS BEEN VILIFIED IN THE MEDIA, LIKE PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS

    以另一種不同的姿態再次出現在大眾面前

  • LIKE MAGIC MUSHROOMS, HOW THAT COULD POTENTIALLY HELP PEOPLE

    讓大眾知道其實它們也是可以拯救無法逃脫出「創傷症候群」或是「重度憂鬱症」

  • SUFFERING FROM PTSD OR DEPRESSION. MARIJUANA OF COURSE

    的枷鎖的患者。之前也有人提到

  • HAS BEEN MENTIONED AS SOMETHING THAT COULD HELP WITH PTSD, AND

    大麻可以幫助創傷症候群的患者,然後還有另外一種藥物

  • THEN ALSO, THERE WAS ONE OTHER DRUG THAT I'M FORGETTING AT THE

    只是我現在有點忘記它的名字了...

  • MOMENT... MDMA COULD BE USED TO HELP PEOPLE WHO HAVE

    啊對了,就是快樂丸(MDMA)。快樂丸對有某些特定精神疾患的患者

  • CERTAIN MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS.

    有療效

  • AND SO, I LIKE WHEN RESEARCHERS BYPASS ALL THE VILIFICATION

    所以,對於科學家能夠將媒體對這些藥物的抹黑拋諸腦後

  • AND WANT TO DO MORE RESEARCH.

    並且持續不懈的進行研究,我是真的很欣慰

  • I THINK THIS IS INTERESTING, ESPECIALLY BECAUSE THERE IS

    同時我也真的對這個主題很感興趣,特別是因為我們人類當中

  • A CERTAIN POPULATION OF PEOPLE WHO HAVE TAKEN MEDICATION

    有一小族群的人有嘗試透過藥物的服用與憂鬱症抗爭

  • TO FIGHT DEPRESSION AND IT HASN'T WORKED, SO THEY ARE

    可惜最後都沒有成效。有鑑於此,研究人員真的是要跳出現有的思考框架

  • THINKING OUTSIDE OF THE BOX.

    往另一條不同的路上邁進了

  • YEAH, A LOT OF THE TIMES IT SEEMS LIKE THEY USE IT BECAUSE IT

    是啊,乍看之下,大家會用使用這些「被抹黑的藥物」的原因,是因為

  • WORKS SO FAST TO CURB SUICIDAL THOUGHTS, BUT YEAH, IT'S GREAT,

    這些藥物可以很快的抑制自殘的想法。可是呢,這些藥物真的確是很好呀

  • SO MUCH OF PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICATION IN THE PSYCHOLOGICAL FIELD IS BEHIND A LOT OF OTHER MEDICINES

    在心理學界裡面,其實有很多很好、很有效果的「禁藥」都被埋沒在市面上其他常見的藥物下面

  • JUST BECAUSE IT WAS SO TABOO FOR SO LONG, IT CONTINUES TO BE. ESPECIALLY WHEN YOU ADD THE TERM "PARTY DRUGS" TO THE DISCUSSION

    原因單純就只是因為這些「禁藥」已經被「禁」太久了,所以就這樣繼續被禁下去。還有一個很大的原因,就是因為很多人都會把這些「禁藥」跟「派對藥物」畫上等號

  • KETAMINE HAS COME IN AND OUT OF POPULARITY IN MEDICAL FIELD OVER TIME... THERE IS, YOU KNOW

    在醫學界裡,K他命的人氣度一直都是忽高忽低的...

  • FOR YEARS, THIS SAME KIND OF ARTICLES HAS COME UP FROM TIME TO TIME...BUT I DON'T KNOW, IF IT WORKS, USE IT

    像我們今天這種「號稱禁藥有正面效果」的文章其實每年都會冒出幾篇...我個人是覺得啦,有效的話,用下去就對了

  • THAT'S MY TAKEAWAY.

    這是我的感覺啦

  • RIGHT, AND SO THE IMPORTANT QUESTION HERE IS, DOES IT WORK, IS

    所以重點來了:這些禁藥真的有效嗎?這些禁藥的效果

  • IT SCIENTIFICALLY PROVEN TO WORK?

    有科學背書嗎?

  • AND THAT IS WHAT THESE RESEARCHERS REALLY WANT TO

    研究人員想要探討的就是這些問題

  • LOOK INTO, AND IT'S DIFFICULT TO DO IT, BECAUSE WHEN A DRUG

    可是這探討的路程卻是充滿荊棘和障礙,原因是因為

  • HAS BEEN VILIFIED, IT IS HARD FOR THE RESEARCHERS TO GET

    一旦某種藥物「抹黑」過之後,研究人員

  • THE APPROVAL TO DO THESE STUDIES.

    會變得很難取得研究這些藥物的許可

  • SO, MICHAEL BLOOMFIELD CONTINUES TO SAY, "WE NEED MORE MONEY

    上面提及過的麥可・布魯姆非爾德講師就持續呼籲:「我們相信這些禁藥

  • SO WE CAN USE THE DRUG MORE WIDELY IN MEDICAL RESEARCH,

    有很強大的潛能,能夠讓病情迫在眉睫的病患解決燃眉之急

  • AS WE BELIEVE IT HAS POTENTIAL TO BE TRANSFORMATIONAL IN

    正因如此,我們需要注入更多資金

  • PROVIDING URGENT CARE."

    才有辦法繼續對這些禁藥進行研究」

  • AND SO, I WOULD LIKE TO SEE THE FUNDING OF THESE TYPES OF

    如果有人願意贊助這方面的研究的話,我個人真的是很樂觀其成

  • STUDIES. ESPECIALLY IF YOU ARE STUDYING... LOOK, IF

    特別是,如果這在收看這個節目的你... 如果說

  • YOU ARE STUDYING THEM IN A MEDICAL SETTING, IT IS

    你本身是在醫療現場進行研究的一員的話,針對這些禁藥所進行的研究

  • IMPORTANT WORK. THESE ARE NOT PEOPLE WHO ARE LOOKING FOR AN EXCUSE

    真的會是無比重要。這些需要被幫助的人,真的不是只是要隨便找個藉口

  • TO TAKE A PARTY DRUG. AND BY THE WAY, I DON'T UNDERSTAND

    來食用這些「派對藥物的」。還有,我真的不知道

  • HOW KETAMINE BECAME A PARTY DRUG.

    K他命是怎樣演變成所謂的「派對藥物」的

  • LIKE, MDMA, I GET IT.

    快樂丸(MDMA)的話,我還可以了解

  • WHAT DOES KETAMINE DO, IMMEDIATELY?

    K他命有什麼會立即顯現出來的效果嘛?

  • I'M GLAD YOU ASKED.

    真的很謝謝妳有問這個問題

  • I SPENT SOME TIME ON REDDIT.

    我在Reddit上爬了一些文

  • I'VE NEVER DONE IT. I DON'T DO THAT, BECAUSE I'M AFRAID OF MOST THINGS.

    我之前是沒在那裡爬文啦。我通常是不會,因為上面po的很多東西我都超怕

  • BUT THEY SAID, IN SMALL DOSES, IT JUST ALLOWS... THERE WAS A THREAD THAT I READ THAT WAS AMAZING,

    可是上面的鄉民們說,如果小量吸食的話,K他命會讓人...阿對了,我看到的是某個超棒的討論串

  • AND IT WAS REALLY LONG, AND AT THE END, I SPENT A LOT OF TIME ON IT PROCRASTINATING. TOOK ME HALF AN HOUR TO WRITE IT. IT'S REALLY HEARTFELT. BUT IT DOES THINGS LIKE, IN THE MUSIC YOU

    那個討論串很長一串。看完之後,我就坐在那邊半小時,思考著我的回文要寫什麼才好。反正,K他命的藥效就是

  • CAN START SEPARATING THE DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE SONG MORE

    如果小量吸食的話,你聽音樂的時候就可以在腦袋裡面把音樂拆解成

  • EASILY IN YOUR MIND, YOU KIND OF FEEL LIKE YOU ARE WALKING ON AIR

    不同部分,然後你還會覺得自己飄飄然的

  • AND THEN IF YOU TAKE A LARGER DOSE YOU REALLY FEEL LIKE

    如果再把劑量加大的話,就真的會覺得

  • YOU ARE WALKING ON CLOUDS.

    自己走在九霄雲端上了

  • YOU LOSE TRACK OF WHERE YOUR BODY ENDS.

    你會真的「心」跟「神」分離

  • YOU WOULD DESCRIBE THIS AS LIKE A EUPHORIC FEELING?

    你個人會把這種感覺歸類為「愉悅的感覺」嗎?

  • YEAH, AND THEY SAID, LIKE, THEY CAN FOCUS SO EASILY ON ONE THING THAT

    會呀,而且鄉民們還說,吃了K他命後,對一件事的專注力會

  • THEY WILL ONLY REALIZE, LIKE AFTER TWO MINUTES OF

    強到你可以就這樣盯者葉子一直看,然後過了兩分鐘之後

  • LOOKING AT LEAVES THAT THE MUSIC WAS PLAYING THE WHOLE TIME,

    才發覺,原來在這兩分鐘內竟然一直有音樂在播放

  • LIKE THAT KIND OF STUFF.

    真的會有這樣的現象耶

  • I DON'T KNOW, I'VE NEVER DONE IT.

    我個人是不知道啦,我沒用過K他命

  • I MEAN I THINK THAT WE SO OFTEN FORGET ABOUT MENTAL HEALTH,

    我個人是覺得,我們太常遺忘心理保健的琢磨了,也很少去

  • AND EVALUATE IT, AND UNDERFUND IT, AND IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT.

    評估自己的心理健康,然後心理方面的研究資金投入也是嚴重不足。這真的是個很重要的議題呀

  • IT SHOULD BE TREATED WITH EXACTLY AS MUCH SERIOUSNESS AS

    我們真的應該用心看待心理保健這一塊,就如同我們用心看待

  • PHYSICAL AILMENTS. AND WITH THIS WORKS (?)

    身體上的疾患一樣。再加上這些努力

  • IF IT'S POSSIBLE, YEAH DEFINITELY.

    如果可能的話,何樂不為呢

  • YEAH, AND CURRENTLY THERE ARE ONLY 101 PEOPLE WHO ARE ABLE TO

    可是呢,今時今日的英國,只有101個人

  • ACCESS KETAMINE AT A TREATMENT CENTER IN THE UK, SO IT'S

    可以透過治療中心得到K他命的治療,所以K他命的普及度

  • NOT WIDELY AVAILABLE, BUT ABOUT 40% SHOWED SUSTAINED

    仍遠遠不足。但是,憂鬱症患者的服用結果顯示

  • IMPROVEMENT AFTER TAKING IT FOR THEIR DEPRESSION.

    40%服用過後的患者的狀況有持續改善

  • SO, THERE HAS BEEN SOME EVIDENCE TO INDICATE THAT IT DOES HAVE

    也就是說現在已經有證據,顯示K他命的確

  • MEDICINAL VALUE, AND AGAIN, YOU KNOW, WE ARE PRO-SCIENCE, WE

    是有醫藥價值的。雖然已經是老生常談了,但是我們還是要說我們支持科學

  • WANT MORE SCIENCE, WE WANT MORE RESEARCH, AND IF THERE IS A DRUG

    我們想要更多的科學,我們需要更多的研究。如果有任何一個藥物是

  • OUT THERE THAT MAKES SENSE, THEN THAT IS GREAT.

    真的有效的,那就真的太棒了

  • -AND SO -YOU NEED A BIG SAMPLE SIZE

    -所以說 -實驗的規模需要擴大

  • YOU DO, EXACTLY.

    是的,我們的確是需要擴大實驗規模呀

RESEARCHERS IN THE UK ARE NOW LOOKING INTO THE

為了治癒重度憂鬱症患者

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 藥物 憂鬱症 研究 患者 效果 抹黑

氯胺酮=嚴重抑鬱症的潛在 "改變生命 "的治療方法。 (Ketamine = Potentially "Life-Changing" Treatment For Severe Depression)

  • 347 23
    Mike NiKao-Kusata 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字