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  • - [Narrator] Sweden wants to join NATO as soon as possible.

  • The Nordic country applied for a membership

  • at the same time as Finland last year,

  • shortly after Russia launched

  • its full-scale invasion of Ukraine.

  • But while Finland was accepted this April,

  • Turkey, and Hungary are blocking Sweden from joining.

  • Let's look at what's holding up the process

  • and what Sweden can bring to the Western Military Alliance.

  • Sweden is strategically located

  • next to NATO's newest member Finland.

  • If Sweden joined NATO,

  • troops would be able to go through

  • Swish territory into Finland,

  • to defend the 800-mile-long border with Russia.

  • - Those two countries, along with Norway and Denmark,

  • formal type of Nordic fortress in Northern Europe,

  • which helps NATO sure up its defenses against Russia,

  • both over land, but also at sea, in the Baltic Sea.

  • - [Narrator] The Baltic Sea is the shortest direct waterway

  • from Russia to the West.

  • This is where Sweden's, Gotland Island is located.

  • NATO often conducts military exercises here,

  • and the island could be used as a base

  • to protect its naval forces in Northern Europe.

  • - By joining nato,

  • Sweden also reinforces the alliance with weaponry.

  • It has surface-to-air missiles,

  • which will help NATO bolsters its defenses,

  • its air defenses in this region.

  • In addition, Sweden also has submarines

  • for the Baltic Sea,

  • and have a deep knowledge of Russian affairs

  • having been so closely located to Russia for over decades.

  • In a way that many European countries haven't.

  • - [Narrator] For centuries, Sweden avoided taking part

  • in military conflicts,

  • but the country has worked closely

  • with the alliance in the past.

  • - Sweden has had a close partnership with NATO

  • for several decades, going back to the mid-1990s

  • where Sweden was part of the NATO mission

  • in Bosnia Herzegovina,

  • and then since then,

  • it has participated in various NATO missions in Afghanistan,

  • and it's been part of what's called

  • an Enhanced Opportunity Partnership.

  • - [Narrator] But Russia's invasion

  • of Ukraine in February 2022,

  • made Sweden rethink its policy of non-alignment.

  • Russia opposes NATO membership for Sweden and Finland,

  • and said, "This would have consequences."

  • - Swedish and Finnish intelligence services

  • are prepared for increased cyber attacks,

  • increased espionage.

  • They say they're not concerned about direct military action

  • at the moment,

  • but Russia has threatened both countries

  • that there would be consequences if they join NATO.

  • - [Narrator] Every NATO member

  • needs to approve Sweden's application to join,

  • Hungary and Turkey are against it.

  • Hungary's Parliament says it's because of what it calls

  • unwarranted Swedish criticism of its democratic record.

  • While Turkey accuses Sweden

  • of sheltering Kurdish militants

  • that Ankara reconsiders to be terrorists.

  • - Sweden made a number of concessions

  • to Turkey to address these concerns,

  • including passing a new anti-terrorism law in Parliament

  • that made it illegal to be a member

  • of a terrorism organization.

  • And that includes the PKK,

  • which is a Turkish militant group

  • that Sweden also labels as a terrorist organization.

  • (crowd chanting)

  • - [Narrator] Hundreds of people protested in Stockholm

  • against the new law

  • saying, "The Swedish Government is bowing

  • to Turkish pressure."

  • Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

  • asked Sweden to stop the protests

  • before he can agree to their membership.

  • NATO's Secretary General

  • called a meeting with Sweden and Turkey

  • to try and sort out the issues

  • before the Alliance holds its Summit in Lithuania in July.

  • (dramatic music)

- [Narrator] Sweden wants to join NATO as soon as possible.

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What’s Blocking Sweden’s NATO Membership? | WSJ

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    happynostalgia2 發佈於 2023 年 07 月 16 日
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