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  • Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I'm Neil.

    你好,這裡是BBC學習英語的6分鐘英語。這是BBC學習英語的6分鐘英語。我是尼爾。

  • And I'm Georgina.

    我是喬治娜

  • [Singing badly] DO, RE, MI, FA, SOL, LA, TI, DO !

    [Singing badly] DO, RE, MI, FA, SOL, LA, TI, DO!

  • Neil! What are you doing?! Please stop!

    尼爾!你在做什麼?請停止!

  • Oh, hi Georgina! I'm practising my singing.

    哦,嗨,喬治娜!我在練習唱歌

  • I'm going to do virtual karaoke tonight with some friends!

    我今晚要和幾個朋友一起去唱虛擬卡拉OK!

  • Karaoke?! – really, Neil?!

    卡拉OK?- 真的嗎,尼爾?

  • I heard you singing at the Christmas party and to be honest

    我在聖誕晚會上聽到你唱歌,說實話

  • I think you might be tone deafyou know, you can't sing in tune.

    我想你可能是音盲--你知道,你不能唱準音調。

  • Me? Tone deaf?! I'm a nightingale! Listen: DO RE MIIII !

    我,音痴?我是夜鶯!我是夜鶯!我是夜鶯!

  • Between you and me, I think Neil is a bit tone deaf!

    我跟你說,我覺得尼爾有點音痴!

  • Wait until I tell him singing is the subject of this programme.

    等到我告訴他唱歌是這個節目的主題。

  • I heard that, Georgina!

    我聽到了,喬治娜!

  • And I'm glad this programme is about singing because I love it

    我很高興這個節目是關於唱歌的,因為我喜歡它

  • and what I lack in ability, I make up for in enthusiasm!

    狹路相逢勇者勝

  • I'm sure your karaoke buddies would agree with you, Neil.

    我相信你的卡拉OK夥伴們會同意你的說法,尼爾。

  • That reminds me of my quiz question, Georgina.

    這讓我想起了我的測驗題,喬治娜。

  • As you know, I love karaoke - meeting up with friends

    你也知道,我喜歡卡拉OK--和朋友們一起聚會

  • to sing the words of our favourite pop songs

    唱出我們最喜歡的流行歌曲的歌詞

  • over a musical backing track.

    在音樂伴奏下。

  • Karaoke was invented in Japan and its name is a combination of

    卡拉OK是日本發明的,它的名字是由以下幾個字組成的

  • different Japanese wordsbut what words?

    不同的日語單詞--但什麼單詞?

  • What is the meaning of 'karaoke'?

    什麼是 "卡拉OK "的意思?

  • Is it: a) machine voice?,

    是:a)機器語音?

  • b) angry cat?, or, c) empty orchestra?

    b)憤怒的貓嗎,或者,c)空蕩蕩的管絃樂隊嗎?

  • Well, after listening to you sing, Neil,

    好吧,聽完你的歌,尼爾。

  • I'm tempted to say b), angry cat, but that would be mean,

    我很想說b),憤怒的貓,但那就太刻薄了。

  • so I'll guess, a) machine voice.

    所以我猜,a)機器語音。

  • OK, Georgina. I'll take that as a compliment.

    好吧,喬治娜。我就當你是在恭維我。

  • But however good - or bad - my singing may be,

    但無論我的歌聲多麼好--或多麼糟糕。

  • there's no doubt that the act of singing itself

    毋庸置疑,歌聲本身

  • is a very complex skill, involving a huge number of

    是一項非常複雜的技能,涉及到大量的。

  • processes in our bodies and brains.

    我們身體和大腦中的過程。

  • So what happens physically when we sing a musical note?

    那麼,當我們唱出一個音符時,身體上會發生什麼?

  • Usually something unexpected in your case, Neil!

    通常在你的情況下會有一些意想不到的東西,尼爾!

  • So here's Marijke Peters, presenter of BBC World Service

    所以這是瑪麗克-彼得斯,BBC世界服務的主持人。

  • programme, CrowdScience, to explain exactly

    節目《CrowdScience》,來解釋到底是

  • what happens when we open our mouths to sing.

    當我們張嘴唱歌的時候會發生什麼。

  • Listen out for the different body parts Marijke mentions:

    聽聽Marijke提到的不同身體部位。

  • Vocal folds, also called vocal cords, are crucial here.

    聲帶,也叫聲帶,在這裡至關重要。

  • They're two flaps of skin stretched across your larynx that

    它們是兩片橫跨你喉部的皮膚,它們是... ... .......

  • vibrate when you sing and create a sound.

    唱歌的時候會震動,產生聲音。

  • The pitch of that sound, how high or low it is,

    該聲音的音調,有多高或多低。

  • depends on the frequency of their vibration,

    取決於它們的振動頻率。

  • so if you want to hit the right note

    所以,如果你想擊中正確的音符

  • they need to be working properly.

    他們需要正常工作。

  • Important body parts needed to sing include the vocal cords -

    唱歌所需的重要身體部位包括聲帶------。

  • a pair of folds in the throat that move backwards and

    喉結

  • forwards when air from the lungs moves over them.

    當肺部的空氣在其上移動時,向前移動。

  • The vocal chords are stretched over the larynx -

    聲帶在喉部上方伸展------。

  • also known as the voice box,

    又稱語音信箱。

  • it's the organ between the nose and the lungs

    鼻中隔

  • containing the vocal folds.

    含有聲帶褶皺。

  • Singing is similar to what happens when you play a guitar.

    唱歌與彈吉他時的情況類似。

  • The vocal cords act like the guitar strings to produce

    聲帶的作用就像吉他的琴絃一樣,能產生

  • a buzz or vibration – a continuous and quick shaking movement.

  • They vibrate over the larynx which, like the body of a guitar,

    它們在喉頭上振動,而喉頭,就像吉他的琴身。

  • amplifies the sound.

    放大了聲音。

  • So why do some people (Neil!) find it hard to sing in tune?

    那麼,為什麼有些人(尼爾!)覺得唱歌很難走調呢?

  • Is it because they cannot physically reproduce sounds?

    是不是因為他們不能物理複製聲音?

  • Or because they hear sounds differently from the rest of us?

    還是因為他們聽到的聲音與我們不同?

  • Well, according to psychology professor, Peter Pfordresher,

    根據心理學教授Peter Pfordresher的說法。

  • it's neither.

    它既不是。

  • He thinks that for poor singers the problem is

    他認為,對於窮歌手來說,問題在於

  • generally not in the ears or voice, but in their brains

    一般不在耳朵或聲音,但在他們的大腦 -

  • specifically the connection between sound perception

    特別是聲音感知之間的聯繫

  • and muscle movement.

    和肌肉運動。

  • So there's no hope for you?

    所以你沒有希望了?

  • Not necessarily.

    不一定。

  • Here's Professor Pfordresher encouraging the listeners of

    這是普福瑞沙教授在鼓勵聽眾們

  • BBC World Service's, CrowdScience:

    英國廣播公司世界服務的,CrowdScience。

  • I think there's reason for you to be hopeful

    我覺得你有理由抱有很大的希望。

  • and however accurate or inaccurate your singing is,

    而無論你的唱法多麼準確或不準確。

  • one recommendation I would have for you is to keep

    我對你的一個建議是,保持。

  • singing because there is evidence that singing itself,

    唱歌,因為有證據表明,唱歌本身。

  • whether accurate or inaccurate, has

    無論準確與否,都有

  • benefits socially and also for stress responses,

    在社會上的好處,也是對壓力反應的好處。

  • so good reason for you to keep it up!

    所以你有充分的理由繼續下去!

  • Whether you're tone deaf or pitch perfect,

    不管你是音痴還是音準完美。

  • there's lots of evidence for the health benefits of singing.

    有很多證據表明唱歌對健康有益。

  • For one, singing strengthens your stress responses.

    其一,唱歌可以加強你的壓力反應。

  • Otherwise known as 'fight or flight', stress responses

    也就是所謂的 "戰鬥或逃跑",應激反應。

  • are the human body's reaction to external threats

    是人體對外界威脅的反應。

  • that cause an imbalance, for example pain, infection or fear.

    導致不平衡,例如疼痛、感染或恐懼。

  • From operatic Pavarottis to enthusiastic karaoke fans,

    從歌劇帕瓦羅提斯到熱情的卡拉OK愛好者。

  • Professor Pfordresher thinks singers should keep it up

    Pfordresher教授認為歌手應該繼續努力------。

  • a phrase used to encourage someone to continue doing something.

    一句話,用來鼓勵某人繼續做某事。

  • So, Neil, maybe you should keep singing, after all!

    所以,尼爾,也許你應該繼續唱歌,畢竟!

  • You've changed you tune, Georgina!

    你已經改變了你的調子,喬治娜!

  • Maybe you'd like to come with me to karaoke

    也許你願意和我一起去唱卡拉OK呢?

  • next time we're allowed out?

    下次我們就可以出去了?

  • Hmm, I think some practice would be a good idea,

    嗯,我認為一些實踐將是一個好主意。

  • but first let's return to the quiz question.

    但首先讓我們回到問答題。

  • You asked me about the meaning of the Japanese

    你問我日語的意思

  • word karaoke

    詞曲卡拉OK...

  • Right. Does karaoke mean, a) machine voice,

    對的。卡拉OK是指,a)機器語音嗎。

  • b) angry cat, or c) empty orchestra? What did you say?

    b)憤怒的貓,還是c)空蕩蕩的管絃樂隊?你說什麼?

  • I said a) machine voice.

    我說a)機器的聲音。

  • Which wasthe wrong answer!

    那是... 錯誤的答案!

  • Karaoke actually means c) empty orchestra,

    卡拉OK其實是指c)空樂隊。

  • or in other words, music that has the melody missing.

    或換句話說,音樂的旋律缺失。

  • Well, that's better than an angry cat, I guess!

    好吧,這比一隻憤怒的貓要好,我想!

  • Let's recap the vocabulary starting with tone deaf

    讓我們來回顧一下以音障為開頭的詞彙--------。

  • a way to describe someone who cannot

    的人

  • sing in tune or hear different sounds.

    唱調或聽到不同的聲音。

  • Like playing a guitar string, singers use their vocal cords

    就像彈奏吉他弦一樣,歌手使用他們的聲帶------。

  • a pair of folds in the throat that are stretched

    喉結

  • over the larynx, or voice box, another part of the throat,

    在喉部或聲帶上,即喉嚨的另一部分。

  • to produce a sound vibration - a quick, shaking movement.

    產生聲響震動--快速的搖晃運動。

  • No matter how good or bad a singer you are,

    不管你的唱功有多好,有多差。

  • singing is good for your stress responses

    唱歌對你的壓力反應有好處

  • the 'fight or flight' mechanism your body uses

    戰鬥或逃跑的機制,你的身體使用

  • to regain inner balance.

    以恢復內心的平衡。

  • So no matter what Georgina thinks about my singing,

    所以不管喬治娜怎麼看我的歌聲

  • I'm going to keep it up – a phrase used to

    我要繼續努力-----------------------------------這句話用來

  • encourage someone to continue their good performance.

    鼓勵某人繼續其良好的表現。

  • That's all from us.

    這就是我們的全部。

  • Keep singing and join us again soon at 6 Minute English.

    繼續唱歌,不久後再來6分鐘英語加入我們。

  • Don't forget we also have a free app

    不要忘了我們還有一個免費的應用程序。

  • you can download from the app stores. Bye!

    你可以從應用商店下載。再見!

  • Goodbye!

    再見!

Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I'm Neil.

你好,這裡是BBC學習英語的6分鐘英語。這是BBC學習英語的6分鐘英語。我是尼爾。

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唱歌的調子--6分鐘的英語課 (Singing in tune - 6 Minute English)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 02 月 18 日
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