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  • Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC

    你好,這裡是BBC的6分鐘英語。這裡是BBC的6分鐘英語

  • Learning English. I'm Neil.

    學習英語。我是尼爾。

  • And I'm Sam.

    我是山姆。

  • We all know that sport is great for our

    我們都知道,運動對我們的

  • health - and if you're talented

    健康--如果你有才華

  • it can make you rich.

    它可以讓你發財。

  • Many great champions have found

    許多偉大的冠軍都發現

  • a way out of poverty through

    脫貧途徑

  • their sporting ability

    矯健

  • - think of someone like

    - 想起

  • footballer Maradona.

    足球運動員馬拉多納。

  • But in today's programme we're not

    但在今天的節目中,我們並不

  • looking at the superstars.

    看著超級明星。

  • Instead we'll discuss how

    相反,我們將討論如何

  • sport can change the lives of young

    體育可以改變年輕人的生活

  • people from some of the poorest,

    來自一些最貧窮的人。

  • toughest backgrounds

    最艱難的背景

  • on earth.

    在地球上。

  • And of course, we'll be learning some

    當然,我們也會學習一些。

  • vocabulary on the way.

    詞彙在路上。

  • Many projects around the world use

    世界各地的許多項目都使用

  • sports to change children's lives -

    體育改變兒童的生活----

  • improving mental

    改善精神

  • health, challenging stereotypes and giving

    健康,挑戰陳規定型觀念,並給予支持。

  • hope. Among them is the

    希望。其中有

  • Ebony Club in Brixton

    布里克斯頓的烏木俱樂部

  • which uses sport to help young people

    利用體育來幫助年輕人

  • in London's most disadvantaged

    在倫敦最貧困的地區

  • communities - but which

    社區----但哪些

  • sport? That's my quiz question. Is it:

    運動?這是我的考題。是嗎?

  • a) golf, b) tennis, or c) horse riding?

    (a)高爾夫,(b)網球,還是(c)騎馬?

  • Well, I can't imagine there's enough space

    嗯,我無法想象有足夠的空間。

  • for golf and horse riding in the city, so

    在城市裡打高爾夫和騎馬,所以,在城市裡打高爾夫和騎馬。

  • I'll say b) tennis.

    我說b)網球。

  • OK, we'll find out the answer later.

    好吧,我們稍後就會知道答案。

  • Just now we were talking about

    剛才我們說到

  • London but sporting

    倫敦,但體育

  • projects like the Ebony Club are

    像烏木俱樂部這樣的項目是

  • happening all over the world.

    全世界都在發生。

  • In Cape Town, South Africa, British surfer

    在南非開普敦,英國衝浪手

  • Tim Conibear noticed how kids

    Tim Conibear注意到孩子們如何

  • from poor townships

    窮鄉僻壤

  • hardly ever went to the beach.

    幾乎沒有去海邊。

  • So he started giving them

    所以他開始給他們

  • free surfing lessons.

    免費衝浪課程。

  • Tim founded the 'Waves for Changes'

    Tim成立了 "變革之波"。

  • project and now hundreds

    項目,現在有幾百個

  • of kids go along each week

    每個星期都有很多孩子一起去

  • to get 'surfing therapy'. Not only is surfing

    以獲得 "衝浪療法"。衝浪不僅是

  • giving them a buzz, it's helping to improve

    給他們的嗡嗡聲,它的幫助下,以提高

  • their life chances.

    他們的生活機會。

  • Here he is talking to the BBC World

    他在這裡和BBC世界頻道交談

  • Service programme

    服務方案

  • People Fixing the World:

    人們在修復世界。

  • Surfing also is quite difficult

    衝浪也是相當困難的

  • so you're learning a very

    所以你正在學習一個非常

  • challenging skill which takes

    高難度

  • a lot of confidence. Very small successes

    很多的信心。非常小的成功

  • that children have when they go into the

    孩子們在進入

  • water elicit a really big emotional

    水到渠成

  • response. If you come from

    響應。如果你來自

  • a background of trauma quite

    頗具創傷性的背景

  • often you'll have a negative self-image

    經常會有負面的自我形象

  • and being able to try

    並能嘗試

  • something new, achieve something

    標新立異

  • new, be recognised by a coach or

    新的,被教練或

  • a mentor is very very good for

    導師是非常非常好的

  • your confidence as well.

    你的信心也。

  • Most of the surfers have experienced

    大多數衝浪者都經歷過

  • trauma - emotional pain

    創傷----情感痛苦

  • and shock caused by very

    和衝擊造成的,很

  • distressing experiences.

    痛苦的經歷。

  • This has given them a negative

    這給他們帶來了負面

  • self-image - the way a person

    自我形象--一個人

  • feels about themselves,

    對自己的感覺。

  • their ability, personality and value.

    他們的能力、個性和價值。

  • Surfing helps kids improve their

    衝浪有助於提高孩子們的

  • self-image because it's

    自我形象,因為它是

  • challenging - difficult in a

    具有挑戰性 - 困難的

  • way that tests your ability

    檢驗你能力的方法

  • and determination.

    和決心。

  • So challenging, in fact, that the

    事實上,如此具有挑戰性,以至於

  • children have a mentor - a trusted

    孩子們有一個導師--一個值得信賴的

  • advisor who gives

    指導者

  • help and support to a younger

    扶老攜幼

  • or less experienced person.

    或經驗較少的人。

  • Tim believes that the concentration

    蒂姆認為,濃度

  • needed to surf makes the

    衝浪所需

  • children's other problems

    孩子的其他問題

  • disappear - at least for a short time.

    消失----至少在短時間內消失。

  • And the results so far have been

    到目前為止,結果是

  • optimistic, with a significant reduction

    樂觀,大幅減少

  • in violent behaviour

    暴力行為

  • reported among Cape Town's

    在開普敦的報告中

  • young surfers.

    年輕的衝浪者。

  • Surfing is quite well-known in

    衝浪運動在中國相當知名

  • South Africa. But what happens

    南非。但是發生了什麼

  • when you take a completely

    當你把一個完全

  • unknown sport into one of the least

    不為人知的運動,變成最不為人知的運動之一

  • developed countries on earth?

    地球上的發達國家?

  • In 2007, Australian Oliver Percovich

    2007年,澳大利亞人Oliver Percovich

  • was travelling in Afghanistan with

    在阿富汗旅行

  • his skateboard. The children

    他的滑板。孩子們

  • there were fascinated so he started

    他在那裡被迷住了,所以他開始

  • showing them how to skate.

    教他們如何滑行。

  • The idea grew and a few years later

    這個想法越來越多,幾年後

  • he founded the organisation

    他創立的組織

  • 'Skateistan' giving free

    "Skateistan "免費提供

  • skateboard lessons to children aged

    兒童滑板課程

  • five to seventeen, with a focus

    五至十七歲,重點是

  • on those with disabilities,

    對殘障人士的影響;

  • from low-income backgrounds

    低收入背景的人

  • and especially, girls.

    尤其是女孩。

  • Here's 'Skateistan' volunteer,

    這是Skateistan的志願者。

  • Jessica Faulkner, explaining how

    傑西卡-福克納,解釋如何

  • skateboarding reinforces positive

    滑板運動強化了積極性

  • educational messages which Afghan

    的教育資訊。

  • kids don't always get at home.

    孩子們不總是在家裡得到。

  • There's a few things that skateboarding

    滑板運動有幾個特點

  • does as a kind of function.

    做為一種功能。

  • It is really quite

    真的很

  • challenging - it's not an easy sport for

    具有挑戰性--這不是一項容易的運動,對於

  • anyone whether you're young or old.

    任何人,無論你是年輕還是年長。

  • And that means

    這意味著

  • that it also teaches quite a lot of life

    它也教會了不少人生的道理

  • skills. You have to fall off

    技巧。你要掉下來

  • a skateboard quite a

    滑板

  • lot of times before you get better and

    多次才會好轉

  • it really helps children with

    它真正幫助孩子與

  • things like goal

    諸如目標

  • setting and resilience and determination.

    定和韌性和決心。

  • Also, and really importantly, we do believe

    另外,真正重要的是,我們相信

  • that children should have fun.

    孩子們應該有樂趣。

  • Like surfing, skateboarding is challenging

    和衝浪一樣,滑板也是一種挑戰。

  • and difficult. It requires effort and Jessica

    和困難。它需要努力,而傑西卡

  • believes this teaches children important

    相信這能讓孩子們學到重要的

  • life skills - the basic skills needed to solve

    生活技能 -- -- 解決問題所需的基本技能

  • problems commonly encountered

    常遇到的問題

  • in everyday life.

    在日常生活中。

  • One important life skill is goal setting -

    其中一項重要的生活技能就是設定目標--------。

  • deciding what things you want

    決定你想要的東西

  • to achieve and how you

    要實現的目標和你如何

  • plan to achieve them.

    實現這些目標的計劃。

  • Along with other skills like determination

    以及其他技能,如決心

  • and resilience, this helps

    和復原力,這有助於

  • kids improve their

    孩子們提高

  • outlook on life.

    的人生觀。

  • And to experience one of the most

    並體驗一個最

  • important things - having fun!

    重要的事情--玩得開心!

  • Which reminds me about the kids

    這讓我想起了孩子們的事

  • at the Ebony Club and my quiz question.

    在烏木俱樂部和我的測驗題。

  • Remember that I

    記住,我

  • asked you which sport the club uses

    問你俱樂部使用哪種運動

  • to support disadvantaged

    支持弱勢群體

  • children in London.

    倫敦的兒童。

  • Yes, and I said, b) tennis

    是的,我說,b)網球

  • But in fact, it's c) horse riding - a sport

    但事實上,這是c)騎馬--一項運動。

  • normally associated with the elite.

    通常與精英有關。

  • In this episode we've been discussing

    在本期節目中,我們一直在討論

  • how sport can help improve

    體育如何幫助改善

  • the life chances of

    壽命

  • young people from tough backgrounds,

    來自艱難背景的年輕人;

  • many of whom have suffered trauma -

    他們中的許多人都遭受了創傷----

  • severe emotional

    嚴重情緒化

  • pain and distress.

    疼痛和痛苦;

  • Such pain damages a child's self-image -

    這樣的痛苦損害了孩子的自我形象------。

  • how they see and value themselves

    他們如何看待和評價自己

  • in the world.

    在世界上。

  • This can be improved by taking part

    可以通過參加以下活動來改善這種情況

  • in sports, like surfing, skating

    在運動中,比如衝浪、滑冰

  • and horse riding, which

    和騎馬,這

  • are challenging - demanding

    具有挑戰性--要求高

  • and testing of your abilities.

    並對你的能力進行測試。

  • Often kids are supported by a mentor - a

    通常,孩子們會得到導師的支持--一個

  • trusted, more experienced friend

    摯友

  • who can offer help

    有心人

  • and advice.

    和建議。

  • And with this support they learn life skills

    在這種支持下,他們學會了生活技能

  • - basic skills everyone needs to cope with

    - 基本功

  • everyday problems.

    日常問題。

  • One important skill is goal setting -

    其中一項重要的技能是目標設定--------。

  • deciding what you want

    決定你想要什麼

  • to accomplish and planning how

    要完成的任務和規劃如何

  • to do it.

    來做。

  • And of course, sometimes the most

    當然,有時也是最

  • important goal is just to have fun!

    重要的目標就是玩得開心!

  • That's all we have time for.

    這就是我們的時間。

  • Join us again soon as we discuss

    請儘快加入我們,我們將討論

  • more topical issues.

    更為熱門的問題。

  • Bye for now!

    再見

  • Bye!

    再見!

Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC

你好,這裡是BBC的6分鐘英語。這裡是BBC的6分鐘英語

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B1 中級 中文 滑板 運動 孩子 技能 網球 目標

體育扶貧--6分鐘英語 (Sport against poverty - 6 Minute English)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 11 月 15 日
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