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  • Wasps... They're pretty annoying.

    黃蜂...他們很煩人

  • But what would happen if all the wasps in the world just disappeared?

    但如果世界上所有的黃蜂都消失了,會發生什麼呢?

  • Well, before you start celebrating,

    好吧,在你開始慶祝之前,

  • let's have a little look at some of the lesser-known wonders of wasps.

    讓我們來看看一些鮮為人知的黃蜂奇觀。

  • If there are no wasps, it's not just the insect that would be lost,

    如果沒有黃蜂,損失的就不僅僅是昆蟲了。

  • but a complex society with some surprising similarities to our own.

    但卻是一個複雜的社會,與我們的社會有一些驚人的相似之處。

  • All wasps have a role to fulfil -

    所有的黃蜂都要發揮作用--

  • be it as a queen,

    是作為一個女王。

  • or the wasp equivalent of a caretaker,

    或相當於看家護院的黃蜂。

  • a guard, or even a nanny.

    一個警衛,甚至是保姆。

  • They're also a lot smarter than we give them credit for.

    他們也比我們想象的要聰明得多。

  • Some wasps can recognise each other's faces,

    有些黃蜂能認出對方的臉。

  • so they know where they are in the hierarchy,

    這樣他們就知道自己在哪一個階層。

  • and if they're friend or foe.

    以及他們是朋友還是敵人。

  • And they can be trained to detect explosives and illegal drugs.

    而且他們可以被訓練成偵測爆炸物和非法藥物。

  • Wasps are a key predator, and the loss of any predator

    黃蜂是一種重要的捕食者,失去任何一種捕食者

  • would have a huge knock-on effect on the ecosystem.

    會對生態系統產生巨大的連鎖反應。

  • This is because wasps protect plant life, crops, and other creatures

    這是因為黃蜂保護植物、農作物和其他生物的原因

  • from spiders, millipedes, flies, caterpillars, aphids, and much more.

    從蜘蛛、千足蟲、蒼蠅、毛蟲、蚜蟲等等。

  • In fact, they catch around 14 million kilograms worth of insects

    事實上,他們捕獲了價值約1400萬公斤的昆蟲。

  • every year in the UK alone,

    每年僅在英國。

  • most of which they take home to feed their young.

    其中大部分被它們帶回家餵養幼崽。

  • So without wasps, you'd see many plants left unprotected,

    所以如果沒有黃蜂,你會看到很多植物沒有保護。

  • and a big rise in the number of uninvited creatures in your home.

    以及家中不請自來的生物數量大增。

  • The bee population has gone down significantly over the past 30 years

    在過去的30年裡,蜜蜂的數量明顯減少了。

  • because of pesticides, changes in land use, and climate change.

    因為殺蟲劑、土地使用的變化和氣候變化。

  • Wasps face a similar threat -

    黃蜂也面臨著類似的威脅-

  • they just don't capture the public imagination in the same way.

    他們只是不捕捉公眾的想象力以同樣的方式。

  • Studies show people associate bees with more positive, cuddly imagery -

    研究表明,人們將蜜蜂與更積極、更可愛的形象聯繫在一起--。

  • like honey, flowers, and pollen.

    如蜂蜜、花和花粉。

  • While wasps evoke more negative terms - like stinging, pain, and rage.

    而黃蜂則喚起了更多的負面詞彙--比如刺痛、痛苦和憤怒。

  • But this is unfair

    但這是不公平的

  • because wasps perform many of the same functions as bees

    因為黃蜂和蜜蜂有很多相同的功能。

  • and wasps are crucial pollinators too.

    而黃蜂也是至關重要的傳粉者。

  • In fact, if wasps didn't exist,

    事實上,如果黃蜂不存在。

  • we'd lose over 100 different types of orchids and figs too.

    我們也會失去100多種不同類型的蘭花和無花果。

  • That might not sound like a big deal,

    這聽起來可能不是什麼大事。

  • but every species of fig relies on its own species

    但每一種無花果都要靠自己的品種。

  • of pollinating fig wasp for fertilisation.

    無花果蜂的授粉受精。

  • In turn, more than 1,000 tropical birds and mammals depend on figs -

    反過來,超過1000種熱帶鳥類和哺乳動物依賴無花果----。

  • and therefore wasps - to survive.

    是以,黃蜂--生存。

  • There are thousands of species of wasps out there,

    黃蜂的種類有上千種。

  • most of which go about their business quietly.

    其中大部分都在悄悄地做著自己的事情。

  • And only 1% of these are the type that buzz around your picnic.

    而其中只有1%的人是會在你的野餐周圍嗡嗡作響的類型。

  • The most off-putting feature of the wasp is its ability to sting,

    黃蜂最讓人討厭的特點是它能蜇人。

  • but that sting has some interesting features.

    但那個刺有一些有趣的功能。

  • It contains a toxin,

    它含有一種毒素。

  • which lab studies suggest could have anti-cancer properties.

    實驗室研究表明,它可能具有抗癌特性。

  • So wasps have a lot to offer.

    所以黃蜂有很多優點。

  • By the time they're out and after your ice cream,

    等到他們出來,吃完你的冰激凌之後。

  • they're in the last throes of their life,

    他們在生命的最後關頭。

  • which is only two weeks to a month long.

    其中只有兩個星期到一個月的時間。

  • Because when the queen has no more need for them they have to leave -

    因為當女王不再需要他們的時候,他們就必須離開-------。

  • confused, jobless, homeless, and desperate for a sugar fix.

    糊塗、失業、無家可歸,急著要吃糖。

  • So let's give the wasps a break.

    所以,我們還是讓黃蜂休息一下吧。

  • After all, without them we'd have more pests,

    畢竟,如果沒有它們,我們會有更多的害蟲。

  • less biodiversity, and more global food insecurity.

    生物多樣性減少,全球糧食更無保障。

  • So as much as it's our instinct to panic

    所以,儘管我們本能地感到恐慌

  • and flap our arms whenever we see them, don't.

    並每每見到他們就拍打我們的手臂,不要。

  • Stop and watch them

    停下來,看著他們

  • and see just how amazing these disliked,

    且看這些不喜歡的人有多神奇。

  • and wildly under-appreciated insects actually are.

    和野生的不被重視的昆蟲其實是。

  • Thanks for watching.

    謝謝你的觀看。

  • Don't forget to subscribe and click the bell to receive notifications for new videos.

    不要忘了訂閱並點擊鈴鐺以接收新視頻的通知。

  • See you again soon!

    再見

Wasps... They're pretty annoying.

黃蜂...他們很煩人

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B2 中高級 中文 黃蜂 昆蟲 捕食 生物 女王 植物

為什麼黃蜂和蜜蜂一樣神奇 - BBC創意網 (Why wasps are just as wonderful as bees | BBC Ideas)

  • 24 1
    Summer 發佈於 2020 年 09 月 17 日
影片單字