字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 I'm having a hard time reading this book, E. It's all upside down. Oh, you're having the same problem. Hi. James from engVid. E and I are having a problem because he's looking at himself in the mirror, and his head is in the wrong place. His head should be here, but it's on the bottom. And I'm reading this book and I don't understand the words, because the words are in the wrong place; they're all upside down. You know what? That's probably one of the phrases that we use in English that confuses many people who are learning the language, because the words are all, well, kind of topsy-turvy. You know? Don't make sense. Today's lesson, I'm going to show you five common things that we say, and they are direction related, which they do give us an idea of what direction things are going in, except we often say it without thinking that you won't understand because we use them only in this manner, in a certain way. Let's go to the board and take a look. E's having problems because his picture or his mirror is upside down. My book was upside down. What does that mean, exactly? Let's start with the first thing. I've got one "inside-out". Here's my shirt. I was going to wear it, but you can see it. This is the right way to wear the shirt. When it's inside-out, you will notice... There we go. Now it's the wrong way because you can see the label. Have you ever worn your shirt inside-out by accident, and someone has to go: "Ahem. Your shirt's inside-out"? You're like: "Oh god! It is! It's terrible! I never thought about it!" it means the in part is on the outside. Funny enough, this is usually when people wear their clothes incorrectly, but we have another way of using it. When you say: "I know something inside-out", it means: I know everything about it because I know every small part, from the inner part - the smallest part to the bigger part. So, I say: "I know this book inside-out." I know everything about this book. So, listen for context, because if they: "Hey, son. Your underwear is inside-out", it doesn't mean: You know everything about underwear; it means you should take it off and put it on properly. Okay? But if you know a book inside-out... You see this? This is the outside of the book; this is the inside of the book. So, when saying: "I know this book inside-out", it means I know all of the information on the inside, right to the outside. Cool, huh? One thing and you've learned two things. Let's see what else we can learn. So, listen for that when English people speak. They go... If they say to you: "I know everything about this company inside-out; I know everything about this company, from the floor, who cleans it, how they make the money - I know everything." But if my shirt is inside-out, I need to go home and change. I like that one. Let's look at number two. Round and round you're calling me, doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo. Dah-dah-dah-dah. Dah-dah-dah... Yeah, it's an old song. Yup. Anyway, that's a song. "Round and round", it means to go in a circle, moving in a circle. If you say: "We've had this conversation for, like, 20 minutes, and we're just going round and round the same things", it means the conversation isn't getting any... Nothing new is coming; we're just talking about the same things again, and again, and again. Like a CD. Hopefully you know what a CD is, because everyone streams now. Or a DVD, it goes around and around. So, a lot of times, in English, people go: "We've been through this before; we just go round and round the same conversation." It means: Nothing is new; we just move in a circle, like my poor dogs who are confused and going in different directions. And they're like: "Round and round. No, that's not round; it's the..." Yeah. You got it. Okay. Number two. So, things, when you hear a Canadian or a Canadian English person... English speaker go: "Why are we going around and around the same thing?" They should say "round in a circle". They won't say "circle", usually; they'll just say "round". Another variance or another one of these is "around". They go: "We go around and around" Same thing. Around and round, because they're both talking about circles. Cool? All right. Number three: "tip top", "tip-top". Used by British people more, I would say, from England, but people know what it means when someone says: "something's in tip-top shape". The "tip" is right here. Or to make it even easier, if you go: "What is that, James?" When you look at a pen, that end on the pen, this very thing here is the tip of the pen, so it's the end - the tip. Or: "tip of my tongue". Tip - the end. So, this is the tip of the arrow. Next is the "top". Think the pyramids. You know. Pyramid. The top of the pyramid. So, "tip and top", if you notice, it's the very end of something. So, in this case, we mean the very best, because the best is up here and the best is here. So, when someone says to you: "This room is in tip-top shape", it is in excellent shape. If I say: "I feel in tip-top shape", I am feeling very healthy and very strong. Okay? "Tip top". Moving on to number four. This is the problem that E had. E said: "It's all upside down." He's looking at himself, and he notices his head is here when it should be here; tail is here. I'm going to teach you a fancy word for "inverted". This... Oh, I should have taught you another one; it's in the back of my head now. "Right side up". That's for another day. This pen is in the correct position. When it's inverted, the pen is this way. Another way of saying this is: "upside down". Now, right now, the pen is in the correct position and I'm upside down. I'm just kidding. I'm not. I'm standing up. It's just a joke. Take your computer: "Now James is inverted; now James is back again!" Okay? So, "to invert" something means to change its position from one position to the opposite position. So, a lot of times, English people say: "Oh god, everything's just upside down", which means it's not in the correct order. It's, like, normally we come to work and we have coffee, then we have a meeting, and then we go to do our jobs, and then we have another meeting. But now we started with a meeting, we did our jobs, then a meeting, and then coffee. It's upside down. It's been changed to its opposite side or its opposite way. Okay? So, if your life is upside down, it means-and this is kind of a separate meaning-everything is in the wrong order or everything is out of order. Cool? So, listen when people say: "It's all... I'm... My life is upside down." It's not in the right or correct order. Cool? All right. "To be inverted". Yes, my stickmen have become acrobats. He's flippity. Flippity flop. Flip flop. "Flop" is like: "Ugh" - flop. So, he didn't quite make it; he flopped - failed. "Flip flop". If you're from Brazil... Hi, Brazilians, I love you guys. Peace out. You guys have these shoes. You know? I forgot what you call them, and you put them on your feet, and you call them flip... We call them "flip flops". This is a bit different. "To flip flop", here, is you make a decision and then you change your mind. You suddenly change your mind; you reverse the decision. "Okay, so let's go for dinner. I would like to have McDonald's." Just before we get to McDonald's: -"I mean, no, no, I want chicken. Let's go to Popeyes." -"What? What? How can you flip flop?" And you go: "No, no, no. I want pizza." It means to continually change your mind on a decision. Some people flip flop all the time - it drives you crazy. It's like: Just make a decision and stick to it. A lot of governments flip flop, don't they? Say: Yes. You know what I mean. Every country, your government says one thing and then they do another. They flip flop. It's like they cannot make a decision. We, at engVid, can make decisions, and we've decided to teach you. Okay. We don't flip flop. All right? So, anyway, I hope you like these five. We're going to have a couple more; you know, there's a bonus round. See if you can remember. Are you wearing your shirts inside-out? Don't do that. Okay? I'm sure you're in tip-top shape, because you're in the hands of myself and our crew. Ready? [Snaps] So, we have, as usual, our bonus - a smart... A little quiz and some homework. But before I get to that, I'll just say welcome back, and let's look at the first bonus word I want to give you, or phrase: "topsy turvy". Do you remember we talked about "upside down" means things were inverted? These are similar. Sometimes you'll see people use "topsy turvy" and "upside down". They're not exactly the same. While "upside down" means... For instance... Or, for example: The pen is upside down. Okay? And that's a very common to say... Common thing to say: The phone is upside down or the book is upside down. No one would look at this book when it's like this and say: "It's topsy turvy." They would say: "It's upside down." But sometimes "topsy turvy" and "upside down" can be used... Are interchanged; people use them. When there's some confusion. Remember I said: "My life is upside down"? My life isn't actually upside down; I wasn't dead and then I was born - it doesn't change like that, but it's confusing; it's a mess. "Topsy turvy" means more to being mixed up or a mess; everything's messed together. But because of that, sometimes people say: "topsy turvy" and they mean upside down, but not in this thing. So, when a book is upside down or a pen is upside down, you don't say "topsy turvy". But if things are confused, or messy, or mixed up, you might see people saying: "It's topsy turvy" or "upside down". Or in a rollercoaster: "It's topsy turvy. It's, like, it's all over the place." Okay? My next one is... Well, for some of you smokers out there, you know what Zig-Zag is. Mm-hmm, you make your own cigarettes and probably something else, right? Mm-hmm. You need a good education. You're going to need it. "Zig zag", though, when we talk about in English, we mean to go suddenly to the left and to the right. So, you "zig zag" - you don't go in a straight line; you move back and forth. You're zig-zagging, like the letter Z. That's why we have a "z" and a "z": "to zig zag". Left turn, right turn; left turn, right turn. Cool? So, right now, I'm zig-zagging, as I come to the camera. Okay? Going right and left. Speaking of which, let's go right to the questions. I'm sorry, it's been a long day. Okay, anyway. Oh, isn't that interesting?