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  • In addition to the topics discussed in our first two videosthe subject of refugees is one of the core issues for understanding the Israel-Palestinian conflict.

    除了我在前兩部影片中所談到的主題外… 「難民」議題也是以巴衝突中的一項焦點。

  • Who are the refugees?

    誰是難民?

  • Why, more than 60 years later, is this still an issue?

    為什麼,過了六十年了,還在談論這個?

  • Let’s look at the facts

    讓我們看看事實…

  • Sohow did it all begin?

    所以… 是怎麼發生的呢?

  • In May 1948, the local Arab population was joined by 7 Arab countries in a collective attempt to destroy the newly re-established Jewish state.

    在1948年的五月,由以色列鄰近的七個阿拉伯國家所聚來的民眾,集結以色列,爲了要消滅剛成立的猶太國家。

  • Encouraged by Arab leaders, who promised they would return as victors, and later on, as a result of their failed war effortsan estimated 500,000 Arabs fled to neighboring Arab territories

    這些人受到阿拉伯領導人鼓動,並承諾他們將榮耀返國,然而由於出師未捷... 估計有五十萬阿拉伯人逃到鄰近的阿拉伯領土。 

  • But is this the full picture?

    但這是完整的情況嗎?

  • I'd like you to take a look at the refugees in these photos.

    我請你看看這些照片中所謂的難民。

  • Many people assume they are Arab refugeesfleeing Israel.

    許多人認為他們是阿拉伯難民… 逃出以色列。

  • But in fact, they are innocent Jewish refugeesforced out of Arab countries!

    但事實上,這些是無辜的猶太難民… 從阿拉伯國家中強制驅離!

  • THIS map tells the FULL story:

    這張地圖完整呈現事實:

  • There were FAR more Jewish refugees than Arab refugees.

    猶太難民的人數遠超過所謂的阿拉伯難民。

  • Over 850,000 Jews, from ancient Jewish communities predating Islam and the Arab occupation of the Middle East, were forced out of their homes.

    有超過85萬猶太人,在伊斯蘭教及阿拉伯人佔領中東前,就於古時世居於此地, 但此刻卻被迫離開家園。

  • Jews were stripped of their citizenship in many countries and their property was confiscated.

    猶太人被取消國民身分,所有財產也被充公沒收。

  • In contrast, 160,000 Arabs ACCEPTED Israel's offer TO REMAIN, and today there are more than one million Israeli-Arab citizens with full equal-rights, living in Israel.

    另一方面,有16萬名阿拉伯人接受留居以色列的提議,而至今有超過一百萬的阿拉伯裔以色列公民,住在以色列境內,享受完全平等的權利與義務。

  • Now here's a question:

    這裡有個問題:

  • Have you heard of any Jewish refugee camps?

    你聽過任何的猶太難民營嗎?

  • … I didn't think so.

    ...我想沒有。

  • The Jewish refugees were immediately welcomed and absorbed by Israel or by other nations.

    所有的猶太難民都受到歡迎,並且很快地融入以色列或其他國家。

  • Then why, after more than 60 years, are the Arab-Palestinian- refugees still NOT welcomed and absorbed among their own brethren?

    那為何,六十年過去了,這些巴勒斯坦的阿拉伯難民,仍然不被阿拉伯同胞的國家所接受?

  • And how could their numbers have grown from 500,000 to 4.7 million?

    而且他們的人口,如何從50萬成長到如今的470萬?

  • The sad reality is that the Arab refugees never had a chance.

    殘酷的事實是,這些阿拉伯難民從來沒有機會。

  • Attempts at resettlement were blocked by a variety of discriminatory laws enacted in Arab countries such as:

    鄰近的阿拉伯國家實行了一連串的歧視法案,阻饒他們入境定居,例如:

  • A ban on receiving citizenshipwith the exception of Jordan

    禁止取得公民身分-除了約旦以外

  • blocking them FROM ENTERING MANY professions

    禁止他們從事許多職業

  • Restrictions on owning land

    限制他們的土地擁有權

  • Restrictions on movement

    限制搬遷權

  • and a Denial of education and health services.

    拒絕他們的受教權以及健康福利。

  • Sir Alexander Galloway, a former director of the UN refugee agency in Jordan, gave the reason for this discrimination:

    亞歷山大・蓋洛韋先生,前聯合國駐約旦的難民收容署署長,對這樣的歧視做了解釋:

  • quote: "…the Arab nations do not want to solve the Arab refugee problem. They want to keep it as an open soreas a weapon against Israel."

    引述「…這些阿拉伯國家並不想解決阿拉伯難民問題。 他們讓此事保持有如無法痊癒的傷口...用來當做對付以色列的武器。」"

  • Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser explained the effect of this "weapon"  aimed at overwhelming Israel demographically -with generations of refugees cultivated to hate:

    埃及總統 加麥爾·阿卜杜勒·納什 曾解釋這個「武器」的威力,目的是要顛覆以色列的人口數 - 並教育後代的難民憎恨以色列:

  • quote: “If the refugees return to Israel, Israel will cease to exist.”

    引述:「如果這些難民返回以色列,以色列就可以被消滅。」

  • And what role did the United Nations play? Sadly, they were less than helpful

    而聯合國在此事上的態度呢? 很不幸的,他們只幫了倒忙…

  • While all refugees in the world are assisted by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, UNHCR,

    全世界所有的難民,都有聯合國難民事務專員(UNHCR)的協助,

  • …a separate agencyUNRWA- was established specifically for the Palestinians.

    …然而一個特別的機構–UNRWA聯合國難民救濟及工程局,卻專門為了巴勒斯坦而成立。

  • Why can't the Palestinian refugees share an agency with the refugees of Bosnia, Congo or Darfur? To name a few

    為何巴勒斯坦的難民無法與波士尼亞,剛果或是蘇丹的達爾富爾等等的難民,同屬相同機構下管轄呢?…

  • The answer is, because while the United Nation's central refugee agency- helps refugees resettle, The United Nation's Palestinian refugee agency helps perpetuate their status by applying unique criteria.

    答案是, 聯合國的中央難民署機構是為了幫助難民安頓,而聯合國的巴勒斯坦難民署則是為了要永續他們的難民地位,因而建立了一個特別的標準。

  • For example:

    舉例來說:

  • Refugees lose their status after receiving citizenship from a recognized countryPalestinian refugees do not.

    當難民取得一個國家的身分後,就不再是難民了–巴勒斯坦的難民除外。

  • Refugees cannot transmit their status from generation to generationPalestinian refugees can.

    難民身分不能傳與後代 –但巴勒斯坦的難民卻可以。

  • Refugees are encouraged to resettle in other countries or integrate in their host countriesUNRWA, avoids such policies

    一般難民都被鼓勵前往他國安家立命,融入當地–而 UNRWA, 卻拒絕這種政策。

  • The United Nations spends on a single Palestinian refugee almost 3 times more than on a non-Palestinian refugeeand employs over 30 times the staff.

    聯合國單在巴勒斯坦難民身上砸下的經費,比其他的地方難民多3倍,而且雇員更是多了30倍

  • The bottom line is:

    結論是:

  • Throughout the 20th century the UN found durable solutions for tens of millions of refugees, while the Palestinian refugee agency has foundwellnone.

    綜觀二十世紀,聯合國為數以千萬計的難民找到安身立家之處,而巴勒斯坦的難民機構… 卻是… 一事無成。

  • Some people may suggest this is hypocrisy

    有些人認為這是偽善…

  • Let me share something personal

    讓我分享一些個人的經驗…

  • My father's family was forced out of Algeriathey, and another 600,000 Jews from Arab states, resettled in Israel.

    我父輩的家族從阿爾及利亞被驅逐…除了他們,還有另外60萬來自阿拉伯國家的猶太人,來到以色列重新生活

  • History has proven that resettlement and integration helped tens of millions of refugees, during the 20th century, reclaim their lives.

    歷史已證明,重新定居並融入在地,幫助了數千萬的難民在二十世紀中,展開新生命。

  • Howeverthe Palestinian refugees are trapped between Arab leaders unwilling to accept their brothers and UN agencies who do not apply equal and universal principals to all refugees.

    然而,巴勒斯坦難民...卻卡在拒絕接納同胞的阿拉伯領袖,以及不願給予平等難民權的聯合國機構中,進退不得。

  • Is this just?

    這樣是正義嗎?

In addition to the topics discussed in our first two videosthe subject of refugees is one of the core issues for understanding the Israel-Palestinian conflict.

除了我在前兩部影片中所談到的主題外… 「難民」議題也是以巴衝突中的一項焦點。

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B2 中高級 中文 難民 阿拉伯 以色列 巴勒斯坦 聯合國 猶太

關於難民的真相。以色列-巴勒斯坦衝突 (The Truth About the Refugees: Israel Palestinian Conflict)

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    姚易辰 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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