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  • You know, I had a real rough time in school with ADD,

    你知道嗎,因為我是過動兒,求學過程真是受盡苦頭

  • and I have a PhD.

    但我還是拿到了博士學位

  • I earned a PhD, but it's tough to pay attention to

    雖然我拿到博士,但是要我專心讀那些

  • biology, geology, physics, chemistry -- really tough for me.

    生物、地質、物理、化學 -- 還真的很難

  • Only one thing grabbed my attention.

    只有一件事抓住了我的注意力

  • And it's that planet called Earth,

    就是這個叫做地球的行星

  • but in this picture right here you'll see that

    但是在這張照片裡你看到的

  • Earth is mostly water -- that's the Pacific.

    地球大部份是水 -- 那是太平洋

  • 70 percent of Earth is covered with water and you could say,

    地球的百分之七十都被水覆蓋。你可以宣稱

  • "Hey I know planet Earth. I live here."

    「嘿!我知道地球啊!我就住在這裡。」

  • You don't know Earth.

    但你真的不了解地球

  • You don't know this planet because most of it's covered with that --

    你不了解這個星球,因為它大部分都被那個蓋住了 --

  • average depth is 2 miles.

    平均深度是二哩

  • And when you go outside and look up

    你到外面抬頭看看

  • at the like the Empire State building, Chrysler building,

    像帝國大廈,克萊斯勒大樓這樣的建築物

  • the average depth of the ocean is 15 of those

    海洋的平均深度是15座這樣的

  • on top of one another.

    建築物加起來這麼深

  • We've explored about 5 percent of what's in that water.

    我們已經探索水裡大約百分之五的東西

  • "Explored," meaning for the first time go peek and see what's there.

    「探索」的意思也不過就是初步地看看那裡到底有什麼

  • So what I want to do today is I want to show you

    所以我今天要做的是,我想讓你們看看

  • some things about this planet, about the oceans.

    一些關於這個星球,關於海洋的東西

  • I want to take you from some shallow water down to the deep water,

    我想要帶著你從淺水到深海

  • and hopefully, like me, you'll see some things

    希望你能像我一樣,看見一些東西

  • that get you hooked on exploring planet Earth.

    讓你迷上探索地球

  • You know things like corals, you've seen plenty of corals,

    你們都知道珊瑚吧,你們都看過很多的珊瑚

  • those of you that have been to the beach, snorkel,

    那些去過海邊浮潛的人

  • you know corals are amazing places to go --

    都知道珊瑚區是很 了不起的地方

  • full of life, some big animals, small animals, some nice,

    那裡充滿了生命,有大的動物,小的動物,有些很安全

  • some dangerous, sharks, whales, all that stuff.

    有些很危險,鯊魚、鯨魚那些東西

  • They need to be protected from humanity.

    應該把牠們列為保護區,不讓人靠近

  • They're great places, but what you probably don't know about

    這些是很棒的地方,但是你可能不知道

  • is in the deep ocean, the very deep part of the ocean,

    在深海,在非常深的海洋底下

  • we have volcanic eruptions.

    我們有火山爆發

  • Most volcanoes on Earth are at the bottom of the sea --

    地球絕大部分的火山都在海底

  • more than 80 percent -- and we actually have fire,

    超過百分之八十 -- 那裡真的有火

  • fire deep inside the ocean, going on right now.

    在海洋深處現在就有火在燃燒

  • All over the world, in the Pacific, the Atlantic, the Indian Ocean,

    在全世界,在太平洋、大西洋和印度洋

  • in this place, the ocean floor, the rocks actually turn to liquid.

    在這個地方,海底的石頭變成液狀

  • So you actually have waves on the ocean floor.

    所以海底其實是有波浪

  • You'd say nothing could live there, but when we look in detail,

    你可能會認為生物不能在那裡存活,但是當我們細看

  • even there, even in the deepest, darkest places on earth, we find life,

    即使在那裡,即使在地球最深最暗的地方,我們仍然發現生命

  • which tells us that life really wants to happen.

    這告訴我們,地球的生命力真的很強

  • So, pretty amazing stuff.

    所以,真是挺神奇的

  • Every time we go to the bottom of the sea,

    每次我們去海底

  • we explore with our submarines, with our robots,

    我們都乘坐潛水艇探險,並使用機器人

  • we see something that's usually surprising,

    通常我們都會看見一些出乎意料的東西

  • sometimes it's startling and sometimes revolutionary.

    有時候很嚇人,有時候很顛覆傳統思維

  • You see that puddle of water sitting there.

    你看看那個水坑

  • And all around the water there's a little cliff,

    有個小懸崖環繞著水坑

  • there's a little white sandy beach.

    還有個小白沙灘

  • We'll get closer to it. You'll see the beach a little bit better,

    我們靠近點看,你可以更清楚地看見那個海灘

  • some of the waves in that water, down there.

    水裡有波浪,就在下面

  • The thing that's special about this water is that

    這灘水的特別之處在於

  • it's at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico.

    這裡是在墨西哥灣底

  • So you're sitting inside of submarine looking out the window

    所以你其實是坐在潛水艇裡往窗外看著

  • at a little pond of water beneath the sea.

    這個在海洋深處的小池塘

  • You know we see ponds, we see lakes, we see rivers --

    你知道嗎?我們不但看過池塘,還看過湖泊,看過河流

  • in fact right here is a river at the bottom of the ocean

    事實上就在這裡,這裡就是一條海底的河流

  • going from the lower left to the upper right.

    從左下方流到右上方

  • Water is actually flowing through there.

    真的有水流經那裡

  • This totally blew our minds: how can you have this at the bottom?

    這完全出乎意料之外:海底怎麼會有這個?

  • You're in the ocean looking at more water.

    你在海洋中看著更多的「水」

  • And there's animals that only live in that water.

    還有那些只能存活在那種水裡的動物

  • So, the bottom of the ocean --

    所以在海底 --

  • I love this map because it shows in the middle of the ocean there's a mountain range.

    我很愛這張地圖,因為它畫出在海洋中間有一座山脈

  • That mountain range is the greatest mountain range on Earth.

    那座山脈是地球上最大的山脈

  • It's called the Mid-Ocean Ridge --

    叫做中洋脊 --

  • 50,000 miles long, and we've hardly had a peek at it.

    綿延五萬哩長,而我們從未好好看過它

  • Hardly had a peek at it.

    從未好好看過它

  • We find valleys, many thousands of valleys

    我們發現了山谷,成千上萬的山谷

  • larger, wider, deeper than the Grand Canyon.

    比大峽谷還長、還寬、還深

  • We find, as I said, underwater lakes, rivers, waterfalls.

    我們還發現我之前說過的海底湖泊、河流及瀑布

  • The largest waterfall on the planet

    全球最大的瀑布

  • is actually under the ocean up near Iceland.

    其實是坐落在靠近冰島的海洋底下

  • All that stuff in that 5 percent that we've explored.

    這些東西就是那已探索的百分之五

  • So the deal about the ocean is that

    那麼關於海洋的

  • to explore it you've got to have technology.

    探索關鍵在於你必須要有科技配合

  • Not only technology, but it's not just Dave Gallo

    光有科技還不夠,光靠我大衛蓋羅

  • or one person exploring. It's a team of people.

    或類似的單人探險也不夠。這需要一個團隊

  • You've got to have the talent. You've got to have the team.

    你一定要有人才。你一定要有一個團隊

  • You've got to have the technology and in this case it's our ship, Atlantis,

    你也得要有科技配合,這裡我指的是我們的船亞特蘭提斯號

  • and the submarine, Alvin.

    及這個潛水艇阿爾文號

  • Now, inside that submarine -- this is an Alvin launch --

    那麼在這個潛水艇裡面 -- 這是阿爾文號下水情況 --

  • there's three people. They're being wheeled out onto deck.

    有一個三人團隊。他們正被推到甲板上

  • There's 47 other people. The team work on that ship

    另外還有一個47人的團隊在船上工作

  • making sure that these people are okay.

    確保這三人團隊一切安好

  • Everybody on that submarine is thinking one thing right now:

    在潛水艇上的每一個人現在都在想同一件事:

  • should I have gone to the bathroom one more time?

    我應該再上一次廁所嗎?

  • Because you're in there for ten hours --

    因為你要在那裡面待十小時 --

  • ten hours in that little sphere.

    十小時都在那個小空間裡

  • Three of you together and nobody is going to be around you.

    只有這三人在一起,沒有別人在你身邊了

  • You go into the water and once you hit the water it's amazing.

    你進到海裡,你一但碰到水,那真是不可思議

  • There's a lovely color blue that penetrates right inside you.

    這漂亮的藍色沈浸入你的身體

  • You don't hear the surface ship anymore,

    你再也聽不到海面上的船聲音

  • you hear that pinging of a sonar.

    你只聽見聲納的脈衝信號

  • If you've got an iPhone you've got sonar on there --

    如果你有一只iPhone,你也會產生這種聲納 --

  • it's that same pinging that goes down to the bottom and comes back up.

    與那個往下打到海底再反射回來的脈衝信號是一樣的

  • Divers check out the sub to make sure the outside is okay,

    潛水員會檢查潛水艇四周以確保安全

  • and then they say "Go,"

    然後他們會說「下水」

  • and down you go to the bottom of the ocean and it's an amazing trip.

    下水後你會一路潛到海底,這過程令人嘆為觀止

  • So for two and a half hours you sink down to the bottom.

    所以你以兩個半小時的時間潛沈到海底

  • And two hours of it is totally pitch black.

    其中有兩個小時是漆黑的

  • And now we thought that nothing could live inside that world

    我們都以為沒有東西可以在

  • at the bottom of the ocean.

    海底世界存活

  • And when we look, we find some amazing things.

    但當我們去看的時候,我們發現很奇妙的東西

  • All the way down -- we call it "the mid-water" from the top

    一路向下潛 -- 我們稱從海面到海底間的水

  • of the ocean down to the bottom -- we find life.

    為「中層水」 -- 我們都發現生物存在

  • Whenever we stop and look we find life.

    無論我們停在哪,都會發現生物

  • I am going to show you some jellies here because

    我要給大家看看一些水母的畫面,因為

  • they're absolutely some of the coolest creatures on Earth.

    牠們真的是世界上最酷的生物之一

  • Look at that thing just flailing his arms around.

    看看那隻在揮舞牠的觸器

  • That's like a little lobster.

    那真像一隻小龍蝦

  • That one is like all these animals with their mouths hooked together.

    那隻很像有好幾隻動物用嘴接在一起

  • They're colonial animals.

    牠們是群居的動物

  • Some animals are tiny, some can be longer than this stage.

    有些動物很小,有些則比這個講台還長

  • Just amazing animals and you can't collect them with a net.

    真是令人讚嘆的動物,而且你還不能用網子捕捉牠們

  • We have to go there with our cameras and take a look at them.

    我們還得帶著攝影機親自去那裡觀察

  • So every time we go, new species of life.

    所以每次我們去都會發現新品種生物

  • The ocean is full of life.

    海洋裡充滿了生物

  • And yet the deepest part of the ocean --

    然而最深的海洋 --

  • when we go to that mountain range, we find hot springs.

    當我們去那個洋脊時還發現了溫泉

  • Now we were sure, because this is poisonous water,

    我們一度很確信那裡沒有生物,因為那水有毒

  • because it's so deep that it will crush the Titanic

    也因為它是那麼深,水壓足以把鐵達尼號壓垮

  • the same way you crush an empty cup inside your hand.

    就像你可以把手中的空杯子壓扁一樣

  • We were sure there would be no life there at all.

    我們真的以為那裡不會有生物了

  • Instead we find more life and diversity and density

    但是我們卻發現了比熱帶雨林還多的生物

  • than the tropical rainforest.

    其多樣性及密度也比熱帶雨林高

  • So, in one instance, in one peek out the window of the sub,

    那麼舉個實例,有一次我們往潛水艇窗外一看

  • we discover something that revolutionizes the way

    我們發現了一個會徹底改變

  • we think about life on Earth, and that is

    我們對地球生命的想法的東西,就是

  • you don't always have to have sunlight to get life going.

    你並不一定要陽光才能讓生物存活

  • There's big animals down there too -- some that look familiar.

    海底還有一些大型的動物 -- 有些看起來還很眼熟

  • That guy's called Dumbo. I love him. Dumbo's great.

    這玩意叫小飛象,我很愛牠。小飛象棒極了

  • This guy, oh man I wish I had more footage of this.

    這傢伙,噢,我真希望我能拍到更多的影像

  • We're trying to get an expedition together to go look at this

    我們很想搞個探險,一起去看看這個東西

  • and maybe in a year we'll have that.

    希望能在一年內出發

  • Go online and look.

    上網去看吧

  • Vampyroteuthisinfornalis. The Vampire Squid.

    Vampyroteuthisinfornalis (幽靈蛸拉丁文學名),一般叫吸血鬼烏賊

  • Incredibly cool.

    酷極了

  • In the darkness of the deep sea he's got glowing tentacles,

    在最深最暗的海裡,牠有著發光的觸器

  • so if I'm coming at you like him, I put my arms out in the the darkness

    所以我如果像牠一樣靠近你,在黑暗中我把我的手臂伸出

  • so all you see are these little glowing things over here.

    你只會看到這些小小的發光點圍繞你

  • In the meantime, I'm coming at you.

    但同時我已經靠近你了

  • When he wants to escape, he's got these glowing pods

    如果牠要逃跑,牠就把這些發光的吸盤

  • on his butt that look like eyes.

    放在屁股上,看起來就像眼睛

  • He's got glowing eyes on his butt. How cool is that?

    屁股上長着發光的眼睛,很酷吧?

  • It is just an amazing, amazing animal. (Laughter)

    真是非常非常奇妙的動物(笑聲)

  • Vampire squid, when it gets protective,

    吸血鬼烏賊,當牠覺得危險時

  • it pulls this black cape over its whole body,

    就把背鰭覆蓋自己的身體

  • curls up into a ball. Outrageous animal.

    捲起來成球狀。不可思議的動物。

  • This ship, "the ship of dreams" -- a hundred years ago

    這艘船,這艘「夢幻之船」 -- 在一百年前的

  • this coming April, this ship was supposed to show up in New York.

    四月這艘船應該抵達紐約

  • it's the Titanic and I co-led an expedition out there last year.

    就是鐵達尼號。去年我與人一起領了探險隊去哪裡

  • We are learning so much about that ship.

    我們從這艘船上學到了好多東西

  • Titanic is an interesting place for biology

    鐵達尼號對生物學而言是個很有趣的地方

  • because animals are moving in to live on the Titanic.

    因為動物搬到鐵達尼號去住了

  • Microbes are actually eating the hull of Titanic.

    微生物正在腐蝕鐵達尼號的船體

  • That is where Jack was king of the world right there on the bow of Titanic.

    這裡就是傑克說自己是世界之王時的鐵達尼號船頭

  • So, we're doing real good and what's exciting me is that

    所以,我們進展良好,而讓我興奮之處是

  • someday we're making a virtual Titanic so you can sit there at home

    有一天我們會作出虛擬的鐵達尼號,你可以坐在家中

  • with your joystick and your headset on,

    搖著搖桿,帶著耳機

  • and you can actually explore Titanic for yourself.

    親自實際地探索鐵達尼號

  • That's what we want to do --

    這就是我們想做的 --