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  • You are standing at the most iconic destination in India; the Taj Mahal. The building, with

    你正位於印度最具標誌性的建築:泰姬瑪哈陵

  • its white shining marble, is actually one of the most iconic destinations in the world.

    這座佈滿白色耀眼大理石的建築物,正是世界級最具標誌性的地點之一

  • The Taj Mahal has been voted into "the seven new wonders of the world"-list and is visited

    泰姬瑪哈陵已經被票選為世界新七大奇景之一

  • by millions of people each year. While many think Taj Mahal refers to the white

    每年有上百萬的遊客前來參觀。許多人認為泰姬瑪哈陵只是一座以白色大理石

  • marble mausoleum, the Taj Mahal is actually the whole structural complex. In order to enter

    修築的陵墓,其實,泰姬瑪哈陵的建築結構非常複雜

  • the Taj Mahal you pass through the gateway building which leads into the garden. The

    為了進入泰姬瑪哈陵,您需要穿過通往花園的大門

  • raised marble water tank between the gatehouse and the mausoleum is called "al Hawd al-Kawthar",

    介於花園門樓與陵墓之間上升的大理石水池,稱為「al Hawd al-Kawthar」

  • in reference to the "Tank of Abundance" promised to Muhammad -- Prophet of Islam. In addition

    意指允諾伊斯蘭教先知—穆罕默德的「豐盛之池」

  • to the mausoleum, Taj Mahal is made up of a mosque to the west and a mimic building

    除了陵墓以外,泰姬瑪哈陵的西側由一座清真寺所組成,東側則是仿效西側清真寺的建築外觀

  • to the east. The eastern building's purpose was to provide architectural balance or possibly

    東側建築物的設計目的為達到整體建築的平衡感

  • serve as a guesthouse. Surrounding the main mausoleum stands four minarets. These were

    或者是用來作為來賓接待廳。陵墓的主體周圍林立著四座宣禮塔

  • used in traditional mosques to call Islamic faithful to prayer. While these towers were

    這些宣禮塔在傳統的清真寺裡,是用以召喚信眾禮拜。這些宣禮塔的設計

  • designed as working minarets, they further displaying the designer's desire for perfect

    不僅有實際用途,更進一步地展現設計者對於對稱之美的追求

  • symmetry. So what's the story behind this amazing place?

    那麼,這座美麗建築物的背後隱藏著甚麼樣的故事呢?

  • Why was it built and by who? The story behind Taj Mahal starts when the

    為什麼建造它、由誰建造而成的?泰姬瑪哈陵的故事

  • Mughal emperor to be, Shan Jahan, met a Persian nobles daughter, Arjumand Banu. They quickly

    起源於蒙兀兒王朝第五代君王沙賈汗與波斯貴族的女兒亞珠曼德.貝儂的相遇

  • fell in love and married five years later. By then, Shan Jahan already had two wives,

    他們很快地墜入愛河且在五年後結為連理。在此之前,沙賈汗已經有兩位妻子

  • but Arjumand would become his favorite wife. When Shan Jahan became the emperor in 1628,

    但是亞珠曼德.貝儂成為沙賈汗最愛的妻子。當沙賈汗於西元1628年登基即位

  • he bestowed her with the title "Mumtaz Mahal" -- meaning "Jewel of the Temple".

    他隨即贈予他的愛妻「慕塔芝・瑪哈」的頭銜—意指「宮殿之光」

  • When Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to their 14th child, in 1631, Shan Jahan was

    1631年,慕塔芝・瑪哈在第14胎時不幸難產過世,沙賈汗傷心至極

  • devastated. Some say" The Taj", as it is sometimes referred to, was built as a last request from

    有些人說泰姬瑪哈陵是慕塔芝・瑪哈臨終前的最後請求

  • his wife while others say it was simply a way to honor her. Either way, Shan Jahan gave

    然而,有些人說建造這一座陵墓只是為了能讓大家紀念她。無論哪種說法

  • the order to build what would be one of the most magnificent tombs ever -- one certainly

    沙賈汗下令所建造的美麗陵墓,將成為一座最震驚世人的陵墓之一

  • worthy of his very own "Jewel of the Temple". One year after the death of his beloved wife,

    此建築的美貌作為他的「宮殿之光」,當之無愧。沙賈汗的愛妻過世一年後

  • the construction of the Taj Mahal began. The name Taj Mahal further shows the emperors

    泰姬瑪哈陵的建造計畫開始動工。此名字「泰姬瑪哈陵」更進一步地傳達帝王

  • dedicating and love for his lost wife. "Taj" is a Hindu origin and means "crown" while

    對於已逝妻子的愛意。「Taj」一詞來自印度,意指「皇冠」

  • "Mahal" refers to the title he bestowed his wife. Thus, "Taj Mahal" translates to "The

    「Mahal(瑪哈)」即是沙賈汗贈予愛妻的頭銜。因此,「Taj Mahal」意指

  • Crown of Mahal", which is certainly a fitting name.

    「宮殿之冠(宮殿中最心愛的人)」,此名非常之貼切

  • The Taj Mahal was constructed using materials from all over India and Asia and over 1,000

    泰姬瑪哈陵的建料來自印度與亞洲各地,且使用超過1000頭大象

  • elephants were used to transport building materials. The work force was made up of over

    搬運建料。徵招超過2萬名人力

  • 20.000 men and Shan Jahan had the best sculptors, calligraphers and stonecutters from all over

    請來當時亞洲與中東各地最傑出的雕刻家、書法家與石匠

  • asia and the middle east recruited in order to build the Taj Mahal. The main building

    一同來建造泰姬瑪哈陵

  • was completed 26 years later, in 1648, and the whole building complex as such 1953.

    主殿花費了26年的時間建造而成,於1648年完成,整座繁複的陵墓完工時間約在1953年

  • The Taj Mahal architecture combines styles from Persian, Indian and Islamic designs.

    泰姬瑪哈陵的建築設計融合了波斯、印度與伊斯蘭教風格

  • It is by many seen as the crown jewel of Muslim art in India. The dome, which has gotten the

    被許多人視為印度伊斯蘭藝術的瑰寶。陵墓上部的圓形穹頂高達35公尺

  • nickname "the onion dome" due to its looks, stands 35 meters tall. The dome is crowned

    因為它的外觀似洋蔥,而有「洋蔥形屋頂」的暱稱

  • by a bronze finial with Persian and Hindu decorative elements.

    圓形穹頂的頂尖冠上富有波斯與印度風格的青銅裝飾物

  • The calligraphy and the other decorative elements found on the outside of the main building

    主殿外觀的書法藝術與其他裝飾元素

  • are some of the finest you can find. Much of the writing on the building is composed of varieties

    其中有些是當時最傑出的代表作品。建築物上的文學作品

  • of Islamic calligraphy scripts, made of jasper or black marble, inlaid in white marble panels.

    是由許多伊斯蘭書法手稿所組成,以紅砂岩或黑色大理石所製成,鑲入白色的大理石板

  • The writings often have influence or are taken directly from passages in the Qur'an.

    這些文學作品通常具有舉足輕重的地位,或是直接擷取《可蘭經》內的經文

  • The calligraphy on the Great Gate reads "O Soul, thou art at rest. Return to the Lord

    大門上的書法文字傳遞此訊息:「靈魂啊,該休息了。回到真主阿拉的身邊

  • at peace with Him, and He at peace with you." Today, both Shan Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal rest

    與祂一同長眠,祂也賜予你平靜。」如今,沙賈汗君王與他的愛妻慕塔芝・瑪哈

  • inside the main building. One might think their sarcophagi are in the main chamber,

    共同長眠在主殿裡。有人認為他們的石棺擺在中央墓室裡

  • but these are actually false graves. Their sarcophagi lie next to each other beneath

    但其實那些石棺是空的。他們的靈柩被並排擺放,依偎在彼此身邊

  • the inner chamber with their faces turned right and towards Mecca. Due to Muslim tradition

    被放置在地下墓室,臉皆朝右,望向麥加。由於穆斯林的傳統習俗當中

  • forbidding elaborate decoration of graves, their graves are relatively plain and simple,

    禁止過度裝飾墳墓,比起這座圍繞在他們四周的陵墓

  • in contrast to the tomb building surrounding them.

    他們的靈柩相較之下顯得簡單而樸實

You are standing at the most iconic destination in India; the Taj Mahal. The building, with

你正位於印度最具標誌性的建築:泰姬瑪哈陵

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    阿多賓 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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