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  • Have you ever played the game Codenames?

  • Today youre going to join me and my family

  • as we play this word game, and study real English conversation as we play.

  • Youll see lots of reductions happening,

  • and youll learn some great vocabulary words and idioms

  • likedominant’, ‘detract’, ‘neck and neck’, andsore loser’.

  • The game is called Codenames and last night, we played

  • four rounds and Mom and I beat David and dad each time.

  • Did you hear how the wordandwas used to connect two nouns?

  • This is a common way we use the wordand’.

  • Mom and I, David and Dad.

  • The wordandreduces so it just sounds like an N sound connecting the two words together.

  • Using reductions and linking can really smooth out your English

  • and help you sound more natural and native.

  • Try that now, Mom and I, Mom and I.

  • David and Dad,

  • David and Dad.

  • Listen again.

  • And Mom and I--

  • And Mom and I--

  • And Mom and I beat David and dad--

  • David and dad--

  • David and dad each time.

  • Mom, are you ready to crush David and

  • Dad again in the game?

  • I'm so ready to crush David and Dad again in the game.

  • My Mom had a really bad cold when we shot this video.

  • I apologize for her voice being a bit scratchy.

  • Did you notice the vocabulary we used here?

  • The wordcrush’.

  • When you crush someone in a game, it means you beat them by a lot,

  • a very wide margin.

  • The game was not close.

  • Mom, are you ready to crush David and Dad again in the game?

  • We're going to be the clue givers first.

  • Alright.

  • Alright, you want to draw one?

  • Alright, it's red. That means ladies go first and we have to take the extra card.

  • Listen to the wordalright’.

  • You heard it three times in that clip.

  • Alright.

  • Alright, you want to draw one?

  • Alright, it's red.

  • Alright.

  • Alright, you want to draw one?

  • Alright, it's red.

  • Words with R’s and L’s tend to be extra tricky for non-native speakers.

  • But the L sound is very weak, and actually,

  • you can get by without saying it at all.

  • I didn’t really say it, and neither did my Dad.

  • Just a quick AH as in FATHER or AW as in LAW sound will be great.

  • Alright, alright.

  • This works withalreadyas well.

  • Already, already.

  • Alright. Listen again.

  • Alright.

  • Alright, you want to draw one?

  • Alright, it's red.

  • Okay, mom. My clue is 'rod for two'.

  • In this game, you have a grid of words in front of you.

  • Some of the words are for your team,

  • some are for the other team, and some are neutral.

  • You try to get your teammate to guess your words,

  • and you do this by grouping them together and saying a word

  • that you think your partner will associate with the two words youve chosen.

  • So I saidrodfor two.

  • That means, there are two words on the board that I think have an association with the wordrod’,

  • and I hope she guesses them correctly.

  • Notice I saidrodreally clearly.

  • It doesn’t have the context of a sentence around it,

  • so I want to be really clear.

  • But how did I pronounce the wordfor’?

  • I reduced it, f-schwa-r. Fer, fer, fer two.

  • Okay, mom. My clue is 'rod for two'.

  • For two.

  • For two.

  • Okay, Rod king?

  • Rod fair?

  • She’s going through the words, trying to decide if any of them make sense with the wordrod’.

  • Rod king?

  • Rod fair?

  • Okay, Rod king?

  • Rod fair?

  • Probably cast.

  • Problycast’. Did you notice how she pronounced the wordprobably’?

  • She reduced it by dropping a syllable.

  • I would say native speakers do this at least half of the time.

  • It makes the pronunciation easier, and you can do it do.

  • Practice that with me.

  • Probly,

  • probly.

  • Probably cast.

  • Probably cast.

  • Probably cast.

  • She chosecast’.

  • This word can have several different meanings.

  • For example, when you break your leg or arm,

  • you might wear a cast for several weeks while it heals.

  • Or, in a play or opera,

  • everyone who is on stage acting is part of thecast’.

  • It can also mean to throw or fling,

  • and this is what you do with a fishing pole,

  • to get your hook out into the water.

  • It can also be called a fishing rod.

  • So I saidrod’, she sawcast

  • and made the association, and that was correct.

  • In English, we have so many words likecastthat can be used different ways.

  • Probably cast.

  • Are we stumped already?

  • David is having a hard time coming up with his clue,

  • and my Dad says, “are we stumped already?”

  • To be stumped means to have no idea.

  • For example, let’s say youre trying to figure out a very difficult problem and

  • you cannot come up with the answer.

  • You might say, “I’m stumped.”

  • Theed ending is pronounced as a T

  • because the sound before was unvoiced,

  • the P consonant. pt, pt, stumped.

  • Are we stumped already?

  • Are we getting off to a slow start?

  • Then Dad says, are we getting off to a slow start?

  • That phrase means youre not making much progress at the beginning.

  • Getting off to a slow start.

  • But David thought of a clue, and he saiddominant’.

  • Are we stumped already?

  • Are we getting off to a slow start?

  • Dominant.

  • Do you know whatdominantmeans?

  • Ruling, controlling, commanding, main.

  • Dominant.

  • Dominant.

  • Dominant.

  • I'm gonna say superhero.

  • When Dad guesses, he says, “I’m ‘gonnasay”,

  • reducinggoing totogonna’.

  • I'm gonna.

  • I'm gonna say.

  • I'm gonna say superhero.

  • I'm gonna say king.

  • Okay mom, my hint is tent for two.

  • I give Mom a clue again, tent for two.

  • Did you hear how I reducedforagain? Fer, fer.

  • Tent for two.

  • For two.

  • For two.

  • Okay, pole is probably one cause we always have a tent pole.

  • Although we haven't always... had them when we went camping.

  • We had to resort to string and trees.

  • A ladder and crossed two by fours like that.

  • Have you ever forgotten the tent poles when you went camping? 1

  • I can’t quite imagine how you could leave that out,

  • but my parents managed to once a long time ago,

  • and they had to use a ladder inside their tent to hold it up.

  • That's when I would have gone home.

  • That’s when I ‘would-a’ gone home.”

  • Did you hear how I pronounced the phrasewould have’?

  • I reduced the wordhaveto just the schwa.

  • Would-a, would-a,

  • that’s when I would-a gone home.

  • This is a common reduction withwould’, ‘should’, andcould’.

  • Would-a, should-a, could-a.

  • That's when I would have

  • That's when I would have

  • That's when I would have gone home.

  • You weren't around yet.

  • I know, I'm just saying in my, in my world, camping is no longer fun when you didn't bring the poles.

  • It did detract a bit.

  • My Dad used the worddetract’.

  • A great vocabulary word.

  • This means to take a way from the quality of something.

  • Camping, without a proper tent, made the experience less fun.

  • It did detract a bit.

  • Uhm, okay I'll say rainforest for two.

  • David is giving the clue now, and he saidRainforest for two’.

  • Did you see how he reduced the wordfor’? Fer, fer.

  • We almost always pronounce it this way.

  • Rainforest for two. For two. For two.

  • So I will say Amazon for one of those.

  • Amazon for one of those

  • anotherforreduction.

  • Fer one, fer one,

  • Amazon for one of those.

  • My Dad also reduced the wordofto just the schwaone of, one of.

  • Amazon for one of those.

  • So I will say Amazon for one of those.

  • Amazon for one of those.

  • Amazon for one of those.

  • Is it illegal for me to remove this?

  • Yes.

  • You're gonna try to jog your memory?

  • Is it illegal for me to remove this?

  • You're trying to jog your memory about what the previous clue was?

  • Yeah.

  • Once a correct word is chosen, you cover it with a card that’s the color for your team.

  • Because my dad can’t remember the clue, he wants to uncover the word to see if that will help him remember.

  • Did you notice the phrase I used for this?

  • Jog your memory.

  • Somethingjogs your memoryif it helps you remember something.

  • You're trying to jog your memory about what the previous clue was?

  • Yeah.

  • Thanks for asking!

  • He also said 'no' though.

  • He said probably not.

  • Probly not.

  • Another example of dropping that middle syllable inprobably’.

  • Probably. Probly not.

  • Dad said: He said probably not.

  • He said probably not.

  • He said probably not.

  • We'll I'm going to take a chance and say they are crickets in the rainforest.

  • Well, I’m going to take a chanceThe wordwellwas pretty unclear.

  • This can happen with this word as it’s a filler word,

  • it doesn’t have any special meaning here.

  • It’s just a quick W and dark L. Well. well. well.

  • Well I’m gonna-- Well I’m going to take a chance.

  • And anothergonnareduction.

  • Well, I’m going to take a chance

  • Well, I’m going to take a chance

  • Well, I’m going to take a chance

  • We'll I'm going to take a chance and say they are crickets in the rainforest.

  • Alright!

  • My dad celebrated withalright!

  • And again, there was clearly no L sound in this word.

  • Alright.

  • Alright.

  • Alright.

  • Alright.

  • Okay, I'm gonna say shatter for two.

  • Shatter.

  • Another great vocabulary word.

  • This means to break into pieces.

  • A glass would shatter if it hit the floor.

  • Shatter.

  • Notice the double T is the Flap T here,

  • because the T sound comes between two vowels.

  • Shatter.

  • Okay, I'm gonna say shatter for two.

  • And of course, anotherforreduction. Fer two, fer two.

  • Shatter. For two. For two. For two.

  • I'm gonna go with glass.

  • I’m going to go with.

  • This means you choose.

  • My mom is choosingglassas her answer.

  • You could also say this at a restaurant as youre ordering.

  • “I’m going to go with the fish special.”

  • That means that's the dish that I choose to eat.

  • That I choose to order.

  • I'm gonna go with glass.

  • Now, Washington was the leader.

  • - She touched it. - Yeah, you're not supposed to touch it

  • until...it's okay, I know you weren't doing your final but...

  • My Dad is really watching my Mom, who is on the opposite team.

  • In this game youre not supposed to touch a card until youre making that your official guess.

  • Listen to what I say to my Mom about this.

  • Yeah, you're not supposed to touch it until...it's okay,