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  • Hi again. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is hopefully very

  • useful to all of you. We're going to look at Internet vocabulary, how to survive in

  • cyberspace. Just in case you don't know, "cyberspace" is the Internet, the Internet world where

  • everything happens. These are some very common words you'll see today. Where'll you see them?

  • Everywhere. You'll see them in news reports, articles about entertainment, sports, finance,

  • business -- everywhere. Because the Internet is everywhere, okay? Cyberspace -- huge. So

  • let's start. "Viral", okay? This is an adjective. When

  • something "goes viral" -- "to go viral". When something "goes viral", it means it spreads

  • very quickly. So for example, I think all of you probably by now have seen Miley Cyrus

  • shake her thing, as it were. That video of her shaking herself went viral. It became

  • a huge hit. Thousands, millions of people saw it all over the world. I think another

  • example is PSY. You know the "Gangnam Style" thing? I'm not going to do it for you; don't

  • worry. But he went viral as soon as his video came up. Keep in mind it goes with this verb.

  • "It went viral." "It will go viral." Many books about how to create a viral video, for

  • example. So it's usually images, videos, sometimes articles, depends on what topic it is.

  • I know that you know what "Google" is. Everybody knows Google. "Google" as a noun is the name

  • of a company. It comes from a big number. I'm not going to try to say it because it's

  • too big for me to say, but basically, they got this name from mathematics, I guess. But

  • do you know that it's also a verb? "To google", and in the past tense it's "I googled it."

  • And what am I doing right now? "I am googling." Now, some people will write with the "e";

  • most people will write without the "e". I don't really think it matters all that much.

  • People will understand what you're saying. "To google" basically means "to search". This

  • brand name, the brand name of the company, has become so popular that it is used for

  • any search thing you do on the Internet. If you're using Yahoo!, you're not "yahooing".

  • You're still "googling". If you're using Bing or whatever other search engine, you're probably

  • still "googling" because that's the word that's become common. Completely unrelated: In Canada

  • if you want a tissue to blow your nose, most likely you will ask for a Kleenex. A "Kleenex"

  • is a brand name; it's a company name. Same idea. Google is that huge.

  • "To post" or "a post", again noun or verb. A "post" is something that you put on the

  • Internet, something you put on your Facebook page, something you put on your blog page,

  • on your website. "To post" means "to put up", to put up for the Internet to spread, hopefully

  • go viral, get you a lot of views, which we will talk about in a second. Now, if you keep

  • a blog, then you want to have good posts, and hopefully they will go viral or will come

  • high on the Google search, okay? "Blog" is short for "web log". So "web log"; "blog".

  • Now, what is a "log"? A "log" is like a journal or a diary. So a "blog" is usually

  • a personal website where people put whatever they want: comments or ideas or pictures or

  • whatever or videos, in which case it's a vlog -- a "video log". And what you want... you're

  • going to post your articles or your ideas, and you want people to come and see them.

  • You're sharing this with the world. A "tweet" comes from the company Twitter.

  • A "tweet" is a short message, 140 characters or less, so letters, spaces, dashes, etc.

  • It's something that you share with whoever you want, whoever follows you on Twitter.

  • You tweet this. Sometimes people will "retweet": They will take your tweet, your message, and

  • send it out to more people. So hopefully, if many people see your tweet, maybe it will

  • go viral and the whole world will see it. Maybe.

  • "Phishing"." Phishing" is a very interesting phenomenon, okay? What people do is they send

  • you an email, and they hope that you will respond and give them information: bank accounts,

  • passwords, usernames, etc. So they send you a letter saying, "Oh, hi, you know. I'm your

  • bank. There's a bit of a problem with your credit card. Can you send me your credit card

  • number and expiry date and the code on the back just so I can make sure that it's actually

  • not a problem?" Well, that's the problem. Be very careful of phishing. It sounds like

  • "fish" because they're sending you a bait, they're sending you a little worm and hope

  • you swallow it. Don't, okay? "Bits and bytes". Now, when I was a kid, "Bits

  • and Bites" were a snack that you buy in a bag -- all kinds of little pretzels and, like,

  • corn chips, and all kinds of things. Not this "bits and bytes". "Bit": One "bit" is a very

  • small piece of information that is used in computer programming. "Bytes" are a collection

  • of eight bits, eight bits. Now, then you have "kilobytes", which is basically a thousand

  • bytes -- 1024 to be exact, but around a thousand. Kilo -- thousand. "Megabytes" are a thousand

  • kilobytes. "Gigabytes" -- "gigabytes" are a thousand megabytes. Then, of course, you

  • have "terabytes", which are a thousand gigabytes -- lots of bytes. Lots of bits. Lots of information.

  • A "meme": This in an interesting word. It's become very popular these days on the Internet.

  • When someday sees a picture or a video or any sort of image and it becomes very, very

  • popular, people start to take that image and put it in a different context, okay? For example,

  • maybe a few months ago there was a picture of a guy who was called "the most photogenic

  • guy in the world". A guy, you know, handsome guy, smiling, everybody thought, "Oh, what

  • a great picture." Suddenly you see his picture in every situation. You see big sumo wrestlers

  • with the guy's face. He's one of the sumo wrestlers. You see somebody biking or running

  • -- the guy's face. You see a wedding picture with the guy standing right there. So that

  • is a "meme". Basically, it's a copied image or an idea that spreads and is used in different

  • contexts. "Domain": "Domain" is basically a website.

  • The "URL" is the address. So for example: www.name.com. So this whole line that you

  • put in the top bar of your Internet Explorer -- whatever, Mozilla Firefox -- this is the

  • "URL". That's the address, and this is the domain: engvid.com.

  • "Views": "Views" means how many times your site or your video or your picture or your

  • post has been looked at. So now, you have to think about "see", "watch", "look", and

  • "view". You've got another word in the mix now. If you go to YouTube, most videos will

  • have underneath: number of times -- number of views: how many people have seen this.

  • Next, we have "SPAM". "SPAM" is junk email, garbage email. People send you advertisements,

  • or sometimes the SPAM is used for the phishing. It's just garbage email that you don't really

  • want to look at -- you want to avoid. Sometimes it has a virus. A "virus" is bad information

  • that will destroy your computer. "SPAM" comes from the meat, the brand name "SPAM", which

  • is meat in a can. Now, the problem is nobody actually knows what's in this meat, what is

  • in the can. It's mystery meat. Just like this email is mystery email; you don't really want

  • to touch it; you don't really want to ingest it in any way, shape, or form.

  • And, of course, we have "cookies". Not like "Mmm, cookies!" Not that kind of cookie. "Cookies"

  • are pieces of information that a website that you go to... You go to a website. The server

  • -- the company that has the website -- sends information to your computer. That information

  • stays on your computer. Every time you go back and forth to this website, they see what

  • you are doing, and they can customize the delivery of their website to you. So they

  • know what you like, what other websites you've been to, so they know which advertisements

  • to give you, they know how to set up their website so that you like it. You can erase

  • cookies, and every once in a while you should erase cookies and clean your computer. Okay.

  • Hopefully this is all very helpful to you in protecting yourself and using the Internet

  • and understanding things you're reading about in the Internet. You can also make sure, if

  • you want to make sure how to use these words, go to www.engvid.com. There is a quiz there

  • that you can practice these words. And, of course, go to YouTube. See how many views

  • this lesson has gotten on YouTube, and come see us again. Bye.

Hi again. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is hopefully very

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A2 初級

12個現代地球人應該都要了解的網路英文單字 (English Vocabulary: 12 Internet words)

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    VoiceTube 發佈於 2013 年 12 月 15 日
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