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  • In this American English pronunciation video, we're going to go over why some words sound


  • different when they're said on their own than they do when they're said as part of a sentence,


  • like 'for', 'fer'.

    像 "for" 和 "fer"。

  • A lot of people think, when they're studying a language and they're new to it, that they


  • need to pronounce each word fully and clearly in order to be well-understood. But in English


  • that's actually not the case. English is a stress-timed language. That means some syllables

    情況並不是這樣。 英語是個重音計時的語言。這代表有些音節

  • will be longer, and some will be shorter. Many languages, however, are syllable-timed,

    會比較長,有些會比較短。 然而,許多語言是音節計時語言,

  • which means each syllable has the same length. Examples of syllable-timed languages: French,


  • Spanish, Cantonese. So, when an American hears a sentence of English, with each syllable


  • having the same length, it takes just a little bit longer to get the meaning. This is because


  • we are used to stressed syllables, syllables that will pop out of the line because they're


  • longer and they have more shape. Our ears, our brains, go straight to those words. Those


  • are the content words. When all syllables are the same length, then there's no way for the ear to know which words are the most important.


  • So this is why stress is so important in American English. It's a stress-timed language. When


  • you give us nice shape in your stressed syllables, you're giving us the meaning of the sentence.


  • This means that other syllables need to be unstressed --- flatter, quicker --- so that

    這代表其他音節不需要被強調─ 要更平、更快─ 所以

  • the stressed syllables are what the ear goes to. This is why it's so important to reduce

    耳朵會注意那些被強調的音節。 這就是為什麼儘量弱化虛字

  • function words that can reduce in American English. When those function words are part


  • of a whole, part of a sentence, they are pronounced differently. Let's look at some examples.


  • ----. Do you know what I'm saying? A native speaker might not either. But, in the context

    ----。你知道我在說什麼嗎? 一位母語人士可能也不知道。但是,

  • of a sentence, "I'm going to the store," a native speaker would know exactly what I was saying.

    在"I'm going to the store"的前後文裡,一位母語人士會清楚地知道我在說什麼。

  • I'm going to the store. I'm going to the store.


  • When "to the" is pronounced "de the," "de the" reduced and linked, "going" and "store" become the obvious words in the sentence.

    (變弱而且連在一起),"going"和 "store"變成句子裡較明顯的字。

  • I'm going to the store. I'm going to the store.


  • What about "ke si," "ke si"? Can you understand what I'm saying? A native speaker might not either.

    這個怎麼樣----? 你聽得懂我在說什麼嗎?一位母語人士可能也不懂。

  • But in the sentence fragment "because of my job," "because of my job," a native speaker will know exactly what I was saying.

    但是,在 " Because of my job," "Because of my job" 這個句子片段裡,一位母語人士會清楚地知道我在說什麼。

  • Because of my job. Because of my job


  • 'Because' and 'of' are so unstressed, so reduced and low in pitch, that the word 'job' is able to really

    'because'和"of"是如此不被強調、被弱化且音調低沉,所以 "job"這個字在句子裡可以

  • jump out of the sentence. Because of my job.


  • This is really of primary importance in American English pronunciation. As you're working on


  • pronunciation, keep in mind this idea of a word being part of a whole.


  • The word 'for': part of a word becomes fer, fer, fer you, fer me, fer dinner. Practice

    "for"這個字:一個字的部分變成 "fer," "fer", "fer you," "fer me," "fer dinner."

  • it this way. Drill it over and over. Other words that can reduce: 'and' can become 'n'.

    可以這樣練習。 反覆練習它。其他可以弱化的字:"and"可以變成 "n"。

  • 'Them' can become 'thum' or 'em'. 'At' can become 'ut'. 'To' can become 'tuh' or 'duh'.

    "Them"可以變成 "thum"或 "em"。"At"可以變成 "ut"。"To"可以變成 "tuh"或 "duh"。

  • 'Can' can become 'kun', 'kun'. 'Are' can become 'er', 'er'. 'Was' can become 'wuz', 'wuz'.

    "Can"可以變成"kun", "kun"。"Are"可以變成"er", "er"。"Was"可以變成"wuz", "wuz"。

  • 'That' can become 'thut', 'thut'. 'Your' can become 'yer', 'yer'. 'At the' can become 'ut

    "That"可以變成 "thut", "thut"。 "Your"可以變成 "yer", "yer"。 "At the"可以變成 "ut

  • the', 'ut the'. And so on. So keep an eye out for this as you're studying pronunciation

    the", "ut the",等等。所以當你在學習發音時,要特別注意這件事

  • and listening to native speakers.


  • That's it, and thanks so much for using Rachel's English.

    就是這樣,也非常感謝你們用Rachel's English。

  • I'm excited to announce that I'm running another online course, so do check out my website


  • for details. You'll find on there all sorts of information about the course, who should


  • take the course, and requirements. I really hope you'll check it out and consider signing


  • up. I've had a blast with my first online course, and I'm looking forward to getting


  • to know you.


  • Don't stop there. Have fun with my real-life English videos. Or get more comfortable with


  • the IPA in this play list. Learn about the online courses I offer, or check out my latest


  • video.


In this American English pronunciation video, we're going to go over why some words sound


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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 音節 變成 英語 發音 句子 弱化

【英文發音】想說的像母語人士一樣道地嗎?你一定要認識重音計拍技巧(中英字幕)(English: A Stress-Timed Language - American Pronunciation)

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    Shelby Lai 發佈於 2015 年 08 月 18 日