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  • Hi, I'm Kasia.

  • Welcome to Oxford Online English!

  • In this lesson, you can learn about prepositions of place in English.

  • You can see how to use several different prepositions and prepositional phrases to say where something

  • is.

  • In this video, we won't go into detail on the prepositions 'at', 'on' and 'in'.

  • We'll make a separate video for these three, because that's a big topic by itself.

  • Maybe we've already published the videocheck our channel to see if it's there!

  • Before we start, don't forget to visit our website: Oxford Online English dot com.

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  • This video has subtitles in English, and possibly in other languages, too.

  • Click 'CC' in the bottom right corner of your video player now.

  • Ready to start?

  • Let's see how to use prepositions of place in English.

  • The egg is in the bowl.

  • Or, the egg is inside the bowl.

  • The egg is on top of the bowl.

  • 'In' and 'inside' generally have the same meaning.

  • If you can choose, then it's better to use 'in'.

  • Use 'inside' when you want to emphasise that something is surrounded on all sides

  • For example, Inside an egg, you can find two parts: the

  • white and the yolk The egg is in front of the bowl.

  • The egg is behind the bowl.

  • The egg is on the left of the bowl The egg is on the right of the bowl.

  • You can also say 'to the left' or 'to the right'.

  • There's no difference in meaning The egg is next to the bowl.

  • The egg is near the bowl.

  • 'Next to' and 'near' are similar, but not the same.

  • 'Next to' is more precise.

  • If you say 'The egg is next to the bowl', you mean that there isn't much space between

  • the bowl and the egg.

  • They're very close to each other.

  • 'Near' is less precise.

  • If you say 'The egg is near the bowl', you mean that there isn't a lot of distance

  • between the bowl and the egg, but it doesn't tell you exactly how close they are.

  • You can also use 'beside' and 'by', which are similar to 'next to'.

  • 'Next to' is more common in most situations.

  • So, you can say 'The egg is next to the bowl'.

  • Or, the egg is beside the bowl.

  • Or, the egg is by the bowl.

  • All three have the same meaning, although in practice, you would probably always use

  • 'next to'.

  • If you're not sure, use 'next to'!

  • What about 'near'?

  • 'Near' could mean closer, or further away.

  • 'The egg is near the bowl' could mean that the egg is in many different positions.

  • The egg is between the bowls.

  • The egg is among the bowls.

  • 'Between' and 'among' both have the meaning of 'in the middle of' or 'surrounded

  • by' 'Between' is more specific.

  • 'Between' means in the middle of *two* things.

  • 'Among' means in the middle of many things.

  • He's holding the egg over the bowl.

  • He's holding the egg above the bowl.

  • He's holding the egg under the bowl.

  • He's holding the egg below the bowl.

  • 'Over' and 'above' are similar as prepositions of place.

  • Often, you can use either preposition, and the meaning is the same.

  • Be careful; if you're talking about *movement*, then 'over' and 'above' are different.

  • 'Over' and 'under' are opposites.

  • 'Above' and 'below' are opposites.

  • Like 'over' and 'above', 'under' and 'below' are often the same.

  • 'Often' the same?

  • So, when are they different?

  • There's one important difference.

  • If something completely covers something else, you can only use 'over' and 'under'.

  • He put the bowl over the egg.

  • The egg is under the bowl.

  • You need to use 'over' and 'under' because the bowl covers the egg completely.

  • The bowls are opposite each other.

  • Use 'opposite' when two things are on different sides of something else.

  • For example, if you're sitting at a table, and I'm sitting on the other side, facing

  • you, then we're sitting *opposite* each other.

  • You can also say 'across from', which is more conversational but has the same meaning.

  • That's the end of the lesson.

  • Thanks for watching!

Hi, I'm Kasia.

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A2 初級 美國腔

地方性介詞--視覺詞彙課程 (Prepositions of Place - Visual Vocabulary Lesson)

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