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  • The design of this board game started in 1904 with a woman named Elizabeth Magie.

    這個桌遊的設計來自於 1904 年一位名叫 Elizabeth Magie 的女性。

  • She was a fan of a book called "Progress and Poverty" by economist Henry George.

    她非常喜歡一本由經濟學家亨利・喬治所寫的著作《進步與貧困》。

  • In it he argued that renting out land only profited a few individuals at the expense of the community.

    在書中,他表明將土地出租只會犧牲掉社區的利益使少數個體獲利。

  • To teach people about George's theories, Lizzie Magie created a game with two sets of rules.

    為了向大眾傳授喬治的理論,Lizzie Magie 發明了一個有兩套不同規則的遊戲。

  • In one, players all shared money when someone purchased a piece of land.

    其中一種規則是,當有人購買了一塊土地後,所有玩家都會分到錢。

  • And in the other, everyone tried to get as rich as possible while bankrupting others.

    而在另一套規則中,玩家要試著在讓別人破產的同時,盡可能讓自己更富有。

  • This way she hoped people would see how unfair land-grabbing was.

    她希望藉此讓人們看清土地收購有多麽不公正。

  • The Landlord's Game, as it was known, became popular, particularly among Quakers.

    當時叫做《地主遊戲》的《大富翁》變得非常受歡迎,尤其在貴格會的成員之間。

  • With each person drawing the board by hand onto tablecloths or fabric and modifying the rules.

    他們每個人會親手在桌巾或布料上繪製地圖,並調整規則。

  • One of those people was Charles Darrow.

    其中一個人是 Charles Darrow。

  • He would only use the rules that were cutthroat and made a version of the board in the shape of his dining table.

    他只使用非常殘酷的規則,並以他家餐桌的形狀製作了一種地圖。

  • He also took street names from Atlantic City, grouping them by color and adding small illustrations to create the board we know today.

    他也取用了大西洋城內的街道名稱,以顏色將它們分類,並加上小小的插圖,形成了我們今天熟知的地圖。

  • When Parker Brothers bought the rights to Monopoly from Darrow in 1935, they soon added a portly mascot with a top hat and cane, rumored to be modeled on wealthy banker J.P. Morgan.

    當 Parker Brothers 向 Darrow 買下《大富翁》的版權後,他們很快加上了一個戴著高帽、拿著拐杖的發福吉祥物形象,據傳是以富裕的銀行家 J.P. 摩根為原型。

  • They also distributed every set with metal tokens, inspired by the trinkets Darrow had used from his niece's charm bracelet.

    他們也在每一組遊戲中分配金屬代表棋,靈感來自於 Darrow 所使用,來自姪女幸運手鍊上的小飾品。

  • Within a year of the release, 35,000 copies of Monopoly were being made each week.

    在發行後的一年內,每週都會生產 35,000 份《大富翁》。

  • Now more than 1 billion people in 114 countries have played the game.

    現在在 114 個國家、超過 10 億人都有玩過這個遊戲。

  • Classic and familiar, this is the design that set out to make us work together but has been dividing families ever since.

    熟悉的經典,這個旨在讓我們攜手合作的設計,卻從此分裂了無數家庭。

The design of this board game started in 1904 with a woman named Elizabeth Magie.

這個桌遊的設計來自於 1904 年一位名叫 Elizabeth Magie 的女性。

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 大富翁 規則 地圖 土地 遊戲 玩家

經典桌遊《大富翁》的起源是一本經濟學著作? (The Real Story Behind Monopoly)

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    Nina 發佈於 2020 年 03 月 08 日
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