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  • Hi guys, I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on gerunds. Now, in

    嗨,大家好,我是亞歷克斯。感謝您的點擊,歡迎來到這節課的狀語。現在,在

  • this lesson, we're going to look at all the various functions that a gerund can have in

    這節課,我們將看一看所有的各種功能,一個連詞可以在

  • a sentence. So before we begin that, we should understand what a gerund is and how a gerund

    一個句子。所以,在開始之前,我們應該先了解什麼是狀語,以及狀語是怎樣的

  • is formed. If you look at the title, you can see that a gerund is basically a verb plus

    是形成的。看題目就知道,狀語基本上是動詞加

  • "ing". So, what is it? Is it a verb? Is it a noun? Well, it's actually a verbal noun

    "ing"。那麼,它是什麼呢?它是一個動詞嗎?是名詞嗎?嗯,它實際上是一個動詞名詞。

  • which means that while it looks like a verb - like for example: in the first sentence

    這意味著,雖然它看起來像一個動詞--例如:在第一句話中的

  • we have: "running" -, it can perform the same functions as a noun. So think of it as a verbal

    我們有:"running"-,它可以實現與名詞相同的功能。所以把它看成是一個動詞

  • noun, leaning more towards the noun part. Okay? So let's look at the six ways that we

    名詞,更傾向於名詞部分。好嗎?那麼,讓我們'看一下我們的六種方式吧

  • can use a gerund. The top one says:

    可以用狀語。上的說。

  • "Running is good for your heart." Now, as we've identified, "running" is the gerund.

    "跑步對你的心臟有好處."現在,正如我們'已經確定的那樣,"跑步"是動詞。

  • And in this situation, "running" is clearly the subject of the sentence. Right? So a gerund

    而在這種情況下,"跑步"顯然是句子的主語。對吧?所以,一個動詞

  • can be the subject of a sentence. Just like a noun. Right? So "running", "running" is

    可以做句子的主語。就像一個名詞。對不對?所以"running","running"就是

  • what you're talking about; the activity of running. You follow it with a verb: "is",

    你在說什麼';跑步的活動。你用動詞跟在後面:"是"。

  • "good for your heart". Okay? So in the second one we say:

    對你的心臟有好處"。好嗎?所以在第二條我們說。

  • "He hates waking up early." Now, what is the gerund? The gerund is "waking", it's actually

    "他討厭早起."現在,什麼是狀元詞?gerund是"waking",它實際上是"waking"。

  • a complete thought here: "waking up". In which position of the sentence is the gerund in

    這裡有一個完整的思路:"醒悟"。句子中的動詞在哪個位置上是

  • this sentence? So we have "he" which is the subject, we have "hates" which is the verb,

    這句話?所以我們有"he"是主語,我們有"hates"是動詞。

  • and then he has to hate something. Right? So, in this situation, what he hates is the

    然後,他必須恨的東西。對吧? 所以,在這種情況下,他恨的是所以,在這種情況下,他恨的是什麼?

  • object, just like a noun; it can be "pizza" or anything else here. Think of it as a noun.

    對象,就像名詞一樣;它可以是"pizza",也可以是這裡的任何其他東西。把它當作一個名詞。

  • Okay, number three: "What I hate most is repeating myself." So

    好吧,第三條:"我最討厭的是重複自己的工作"所以。

  • what is the subject of this sentence? Is it: "What I", is it: "What I hate", "What I hate

    這句話的主語是什麼?是:"What I",是:"What I hate","What I hate

  • most", "What I hate most is"? Well, the complete subject is: "What I hate most" and "is", and

    最","我最討厭的是"?好了,完整的主題是:"我最討厭的是","是",以及。

  • we have the gerund here: "repeating myself", so saying the same thing again and again.

    我們這裡有動詞:"重複我自己",所以一而再再而三地說同樣的話。

  • Now, in this situation, the gerund is not actually an object because the subject is

    現在,在這種情況下,動名詞實際上不是一個對象,因為主語是

  • not doing anything to the gerund. You're just giving more information about the subject.

    不做任何事情的動詞。你'只是提供了更多關於主題的資訊。

  • So: "What I hate most" and then you're actually telling me what you hate most; you're giving

    所以:"我最討厭的是什麼"然後你'其實是在告訴我你最討厭的是什麼;你'在給。

  • more information about it. So what you're doing is providing a subject complement. Okay?

    更多關於它的資訊。所以你'做的是提供一個主題補充。好嗎?

  • Okay. Now, the next one:

    好了,現在,下一個:現在,下一個。

  • "I saw Jim riding his bike." So you're probably getting the idea of a pattern developing here.

    "我看到吉姆騎著他的自行車."所以你'可能會得到一個模式發展的想法在這裡。

  • First, let's identify the gerund. The gerund is: "riding". Okay, now let's look at the

    首先,我們來確定一下動詞。這個動詞是:"騎馬"。好了,現在讓我們來看看。

  • sentence. We have "I" which is the subject, "saw" -- the verb, "Jim". "I saw Jim", okay,

    句子:我們有"I"這是主語,"saw"--動詞,"Jim""I saw Jim&quot。我們有"I"是主語,"saw"--動詞,"Jim"。"I saw Jim",好的。

  • "Jim" is the object. Okay, now you're giving more information about Jim's actions here

    "吉姆"是對象。好了,現在你在這裡提供更多關於吉姆行動的資訊

  • though. "I saw Jim": what was he doing? He was: "riding his bike". So in this situation,

    不過."我看見吉姆":他在做什麼?他在:"騎自行車"。所以在這種情況下。

  • the gerund is giving more information about the object's action. So in this situation

    的動詞提供了更多關於對象'動作的資訊。所以在這種情況下

  • it's an object complement. Okay? Sorry for my writing there.

    它是一個對象的補充。好嗎?對不起,我的寫作有。

  • And number five - a very, very common way to use gerunds and a very important rule,

    第五條--這是一個非常非常常見的使用狀語的方法,也是一個非常重要的規則。

  • especially for intermediate and advanced speakers: "I'm interested in improving myself." In getting

    特別是對於中高級演講者:"I'm感興趣的是提高自己."在得到。

  • better. So we have: "improving" as the gerund. Now, why are we using the gerund? Why can't

    更好。所以我們有:"改善"作為狀語。現在,我們為什麼要用狀語?為什麼不能

  • we say: "I am interested in improve" or: "I am interested in to improve"? Well, any time

    我們說:"I am interested in improve"或:"I am interested in to improve"?那麼,任何時候

  • you have a preposition - and normally we have lots and lots of adjective and proposition

    你有一個介詞 - 通常我們有很多很多的形容詞和命題。

  • combinations - after the preposition, always use a gerund. So a gerund can be the object

    組合--在介詞之後,一定要用狀語。所以,狀語可以是賓語

  • of a preposition. Now, more examples of this are: "I am excited about doing something.",

    的介詞。現在,更多的例子是:"I am excited about doing something."。

  • "I am used to doing something." Okay? So it can be the object of a preposition.

    "我習慣於做某件事."好嗎?所以可以做介詞的賓語。

  • And finally, this is a rule which is often forgotten and you can actually check out a

    最後,這是一個經常被遺忘的規則,其實你可以看看一個

  • deeper explanation of it on www.engvid.com: "She doesn't like your bossing her around."

    更深層次的解釋在www.engvid.com:"她不'不喜歡你對她指手畫腳&quot。

  • So we have "bossing", this means telling a person what to do. Okay? So: "She doesn't

    所以我們有"bossing",這意味著告訴一個人該怎麼做。好嗎?所以:"她不'。

  • like your bossing her around." Here we're using "your", we're using a possessive. So

    就像你對她頤指氣使一樣."這裡我們用的是"你的",我們用的是佔有式。所以

  • in this situation, a gerund is actually the object of a possessive pronoun. Okay? So it

    在這種情況下,gerund實際上是一個佔有式代詞的對象。好嗎?所以它

  • can be the object of a possessive. There we go.

    可以是佔有式的對象。我們去那裡。

  • So, as you can see, there are numerous ways that we can use a gerund. It's not just a

    所以,正如你所看到的,我們可以使用狀語詞的方式有很多。它不僅僅是一個

  • simple type of word with only one function; it has a variety of functions in a variety

    簡單的詞類,只有一種功能;它的功能多種多樣,在各種

  • of ways we can use it in different parts of a sentence.

    的方式,我們可以在句子的不同部分使用它。

  • Now, do not confuse, never confuse a gerund with a continuous verb. So if I say: "She

    現在,不要混淆,千萬不要把狀語和連續動詞混淆。所以,如果我說:"She

  • is running." Okay, I am describing her action in the moment. "Running" is not a gerund.

    is running."好吧,我是在描述她當下的行動,"Running"不是動詞。

  • "Running" is a continuous verb in this situation. Okay? So that is really the most common confusion.

    在這種情況下,"Running"是一個連續動詞。好嗎?所以這確實是最常見的困惑。

  • Don't confuse a gerund for a continuous verb. Remember: it's a verbal noun. It can perform

    不要把狀語詞和連續動詞混為一談。記住:它'是一個動詞名詞。它可以執行

  • the same functions as any noun like: "pizza", "table", "car", etc.

    和任何名詞的功能一樣,如:"pizza"、"table"、"car"等。

  • So once more: a gerund can be the subject of a sentence. For example: "Smoking is bad

    所以再一次強調:狀語可以作為句子的主語。例如:"吸菸是不好的

  • for you." "Smoking" is the subject. It can be the object of the sentence like we have

    for you.""Smoking"是主語。它可以是句子的賓語,像我們有

  • here: "He hates..." what does he hate? "Waking up early." It can be a subject complement.

    這裡:"他討厭......"他討厭什麼呢"早起"可以做主語補充。

  • "What I hate most is repeating myself." Another example of this might be: "My favourite activity

    "我最討厭的是重複自己."另一個例子可能是:"我最喜歡的活動。

  • is hiking", for example. "I saw Jim riding his bike." Object complement. "I'm interested

    is hiking", for example."I saw Jim riding his bike." Object complement."I'm interested.

  • in improving myself." So it can be the object of a preposition. Right? So any time you have

    in improving myself."所以它可以做介詞的賓語。對不對?所以任何時候你有

  • a preposition like: "in", "at", "on", "by", "against", "with". Okay? "ing", "ing", "ing".

    一個介詞,如:"在","在","在"上","由","反對","與"。好嗎"ing","ing","ing"。

  • And finally, it can be the object of a possessive. So: "She doesn't like your bossing her around."

    最後,它可以是佔有式的對象。所以:"她不喜歡你對她指手畫腳&quot。

  • Or this can even be something simple like: "I don't like her cooking." Okay? So you're

    或者這甚至可以是一些簡單的東西,如:"我不'不喜歡她的烹飪."好嗎?所以你'是

  • not describing her activity, you're describing the thing, her cooking. Or I can say: "Your

    不是描述她的活動,你'描述的東西,她的烹飪。或者我可以說:"你的。

  • speaking", or: "Your listening", "Your writing needs to improve."

    speaking",或:"你的聽力","你的寫作需要改進&quot。

  • Okay guys, to test your understanding of this knowledge, as always, you can check out the

    好了小夥伴們,為了檢驗你對這些知識的理解,一如既往的,你可以查看一下。

  • quiz on www.engvid.com. Take care, and good luck. And don't forget to subscribe to my

    測驗www.engvid.com。保重,祝你好運。不要忘了訂閱我的博客。

  • YouTube channel. See ya.

    YouTube頻道。再見。

Hi guys, I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on gerunds. Now, in

嗨,大家好,我是亞歷克斯。感謝您的點擊,歡迎來到這節課的狀語。現在,在

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B1 中級 中文 動詞 主語 名詞 介詞 對象 句子

六種使用動名詞的方式 (English Grammar - 6 Ways to Use Gerunds)

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    青云 發佈於 2013 年 12 月 06 日
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