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  • Translator: Joyce (Wan-Hsuan) Wu Reviewer: Adrienne Lin

  • In our society, we like to categorize:

  • black, white, tragedy, comedy,

  • and this is true as well in the world of music.

  • A quick glance at iTunes reveals such genres as:

  • death metal, black metal, thrash metal, and so on;

  • all these categories that have come in in the past ten years.

  • However, the classical music scene shows a different picture.

  • Indeed, roughly 900 - (Laughter)

  • roughly 900 years worth of music

  • is condensed into a single category.

  • Not only is this an oversimplification

  • but it leads to many misconceptions about classical music,

  • that it all sounds the same, that it all sounds like this...

  • (Music)

  • (Laughter)

  • and so on.

  • In addition, modern concert etiquette

  • dictates that the audience remain in absolute silence

  • adding to an air of almost funereal silence.

  • This was not always the case.

  • In the 18th century, opera houses were noisy

  • and filled with all sorts of chatter, gossip, and even heckling.

  • Here is an opera house in 1761,

  • featuring Lully's play "Armide."

  • But only a century later,

  • with the advent of composers and conductors such as Mahler and Wagner

  • did this attitudes change,

  • and did absolute silence become the norm.

  • This was a turning point in classical music

  • because it became increasingly associated

  • with solemness, grimness, and absolute seriousness.

  • But the truth about classical music

  • is that it is as enjoyable, accessible,

  • and fun as in any other form in music. (Laughter)

  • For example,

  • take waltzes, minuets, gigues,

  • and all the sorts of Baroque and classical dances

  • that we associate with high art and courtroom dances.

  • At the time, these dances were the popular music of the time.

  • They were seen as light...

  • (Music)

  • ...joyful...

  • (Music)

  • ...and even seductive. (Music)

  • In fact,

  • the sarabande dance was banned in Spain.

  • (Applause) (Laughter)

  • The sarabande dance was banned in Spain

  • numerous times for being too "obscene,"

  • kind of like modern day twerking, isn't it? (Laughter)

  • In addition, countless composers have drawn

  • on the folk and popular music of their time

  • for inspiration in their classical music.

  • For example,

  • Bach's Goldberg Variations are a series of 40 variations on a single theme.

  • The last variation is a combination of four humorous German songs,

  • one of which translates to:

  • "Cabbage and turnips have driven me away,

  • had my mother cooked meat, I'd have opted to stay."

  • (Laughter)

  • Later on, Hungarian composerla Bartók spent years traveling

  • in the Eastern European countryside collecting folk songs

  • and using them in his music, such as in the first Piano Sonata.

  • And here he is with Czech villagers in 1908,

  • he is the one in the black suit.

  • In the 20th century, Maurice Ravel, a French composer said:

  • "Jazz is a very rich and vital source of inspiration for modern composers."

  • His Piano Concerto in G [major] features many jazz themes and idioms.

  • He is also pictured with George Gershwin who, in the same way,

  • combined classical music with orchestral timbre,

  • such as in his piece "Rhapsody in blue" that many of you may know.

  • More recently, Giovanni Dettori, an Italian composer, wrote a fugue,

  • which is a piece where successive voices enter repeating the same theme,

  • on the song "Bad romance" by Lady Gaga.

  • I'll just play the beginning because I don't know the rest.

  • (Laughter) (Music)

  • It keeps going and so on.

  • (Applause)

  • Now, in the other direction,

  • classical music has influenced popular music as well.

  • For example, the Beatles used orchestral timbre

  • in their song "A day in the life,"

  • using glissandi in the violins and many things

  • to create an illusion of dizziness and confusion.

  • As you can see, classical and pop music

  • are inextricably linked throughout music history.

  • In addition, the notation systems are similar.

  • Here we have figured bass notation

  • which was used by harpsichordists in the 1600s and 1700s.

  • They would be given a bass line,

  • and then they would improvise a chord on top of that bass line.

  • And then we have the tab notation used by guitar players today.

  • Although these written systems display much information,

  • musicians of both periods often depart from the written score

  • and choose to improvise their own additions.

  • In the case of Baroque music, those were ornaments, and in modern rock, riffs.

  • So, now that I've convinced you

  • that classical music and popular music are really quite similar,

  • you may ask me:

  • "Why is classical music appreciation so important?

  • Who cares about dead composers decomposing?"

  • (Laughter)

  • The truth is

  • that classical music programs in schools have been shown to increase

  • students' academic performance year after year.

  • Classical music participation and education

  • reinforces critical thinking, creativity, discipline,

  • and it provides an emotional outlet for children and teenagers

  • who, as you know, have many struggles growing up.

  • In the 2007 study by the University of Kansas,

  • students in elementary schools with superior classical music programs,

  • or music in general,

  • were shown to score 22% higher on English exams,

  • and 20% higher on math exams,

  • than schools with lower musical programs

  • regardless of the socioeconomic differences between those schools.

  • This is because there are many, many benefits that had been shown

  • about classical music participation and things like that.

  • The skills that they learned... I'll get into more of that later.

  • It's important to realize classical music does not make you smarter,

  • as some CD companies would try to convince you,

  • but it does have skills that musicians learn

  • that can be used in a wider context and situations.

  • String quartet players know

  • the value of team work, the importance of precision,

  • and the benefits of thinking outside of the box.

  • They must work together to have the same rhythm, the same interpretation.

  • They must be precise

  • in order for all of their lines to exactly line up and to match up,

  • but they must have enough creativity and spontaneousness

  • to make them stand out from other string quartets.

  • And this is very applicable to many other things.

  • This is why many companies hire amateur musicians

  • because of these kinds of skills.

  • Thus, classical music should be enjoyed

  • not only for its sheer beauty but also for its value to society.

  • Only when classical music has been absolved

  • of its reputation of snobbishness and elitism,

  • only when classical music is as enjoyed as popular music is today,

  • only when support continues for classical music,

  • education, and appreciation in our schools,

  • only then will we put the 'music' back into 'classical music.'

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause)

Translator: Joyce (Wan-Hsuan) Wu Reviewer: Adrienne Lin

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將 "音樂 "放回 "古典音樂"|Luka Marinkovic|TEDxYouth @ColumbiaSC (Putting the 'music' back into 'classical music' | Luka Marinkovic | [email protected])

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    ally.chang 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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