B1 中級 美國腔 217 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
Under no circumstances should you stop watching this video!
Only here will you get the full inversion explanation.
Are you ready?
Let's invert!
Inversion happens in English for emphasis, dramatic purpose, or formality.
In order to invert, the normal sentence order of subject, verb, and object is changed in some way.
Let's find out how. Go!
'Never had I met someone so interesting.'
Now, English has a group of adverbs which limit the meaning of a verb or make it negative.
Examples are "never," "hardly," "no," "only," and there are others.
In order to change normal sentence order, we move the negative adverbial to the beginning of the sentence, and we invert the auxiliary verb and the subject.
So, "I had never met someone so interesting." becomes "Never had I met someone so interesting."
In cases where the tense does not use an auxiliary verb in the affirmative, such as the present simple or the past simple, one must be added.
So, for example: "I rarely go outside." becomes "Rarely do I go outside."
And ,"She seldom worked very hard." becomes "Seldom did she work very hard."
However, there is another level to this.
Some negative or limiting adverbials require you to complete a whole clause before the inversion takes place.
It's kind of a two-stage process.
So, for example: "I didn't know what to do until I saw what had happened." becomes "Not until I saw what had happened did I know what to do."
In this case, "not until I saw what had happened" is the adverbial clause.
The inversion takes place after this, in the main clause.
And this is common with adverbs like "not" and "only" in the following combinations.
"Hardly" works like this too, but in the case of hardly, the inversion happens within the adverbial clause.
It is mostly used with the past perfect to signify that one action finished just before another one started.
And notice the use of the connecting time words "than" and "when" in the examples.
Are you ready?
"Hardly had I got home than the dog started barking."
"Hardly had he got into the bath when the phone rang."
Isn't it typical?
Finally, we can use the expression, "little did they know" to mean... wait for it, "they didn't know."
It's extremely dramatic, and it's often found within books.
It can be quite sinister!
For example: "Little did they know that he had stolen all of their money."
Did you get it?
Of course, you got it!
Now, for more information please log on to our website at bbclearningenglish dot com.
I've been Dan, you've been fantastic, and I'll see you next time, okay?
Let's invert!
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

載入中…

BBC English Masterclass: Inversion 1: After Negative or Limiting Adverbs

217 分類 收藏
Shinichiro 發佈於 2020 年 2 月 5 日
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔