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  • Vocational education and training

  • or VET in Europe

  • Spotlight on Finland

  • Finnish VET is highly regarded:

  • 90% of Finns think it offers high quality learning and 40% enroll in VET after basic education.

  • The reasons include qualified and competent teaching, flexible qualifications, strong employment prospects and eligibility for further studies.

  • The most popular vocational qualifications are technology, communications and transport, social services, and health and sports.

  • 70% of VET learners are under 30, half of them male, half female.

  • Internationalisation opportunities result in up to 80% studying at least two foreign languages and 10% studying abroad every year.

  • Quality VET teaching is ensured by competitive salaries and selection that results in only around a third of applicants being accepted into initial VET teacher training.

  • VET teachers must have prior work experience in their field before they begin teaching.

  • Admission to initial VET programmes is via a lower secondary education certificate;

  • For continuing VET, it is case-by-case, reflecting work experience.

  • Finnish VET is personalised.

  • A development plan is created for each learner at the beginning of studies and can be adjusted at any time.

  • Competences already acquired are validated for free and study covers only what learners don't yet know.

  • Modularisation allows personalised qualifications, potentially adding modules from other vocational qualifications or universities of applied sciences degrees.

  • The competence-based approach determines the share of work-based learning for each learner:

  • it is not defined in law.

  • Apprenticeships are mainly provided in continuing VET but are becoming more common in initial VET.

  • All programmes ensure eligibility for higher education studies but most VET graduates enter the labour market.

  • Initial and continuing VET share common legislation, principles and funding.

  • The 2018 reform is increasing performance-based funding and effectiveness-based funding.

  • For more details about VET in Finland, visit

Vocational education and training


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B2 中高級 美國腔

芬蘭的職業教育和培訓 (Vocational education and training in Finland)

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    Shinichiro 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日