Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

已審核 字幕已審核
  • Modern art is expensive.


  • From completely white canvases to simple abstract colors, these seemingly basic works can cost you millions.


  • So what makes their price so high, and how can they possibly be worth this much money?

    是什麼讓它們定價這麼高? 怎麼可能值那麼多錢?

  • Modern art is a wide field, covering everything from around 1870 to 1970.

    現代藝術是一個很廣的範圍,涵蓋了 1870 年到 1970 年間的一切。

  • But say "modern art" to someone on the street, and chances are, they possibly picture something like this.


  • At the turn of the century, art changed.


  • From the birth of abstract impressionism to the minimalists and even performance art, art was no longer just about representing the world with skill.


  • That skill faded away after photography was invented.


  • Once photography was invented, that was a skill the camera could do, so artists no longer felt that was their primary reason for making art.


  • Art isn't about beauty; that's... it never was, really.


  • Art generally became more conceptual and more challenging.


  • But this change wasn't popular with everyone.


  • In a 2016 study of the British public, 28% of people don't consider this art.

    一項 2016 年英國大眾的調查指出,28% 的人不認同這種藝術。

  • 65% of people don't think this is art.

    65% 的人覺得這不是藝術。

  • And 83% of the public definitely don't consider this to be art.

    83% 的大眾肯定認為這不是藝術。

  • Over 100 years after its creation, the work is still somehow as divisive and controversial as ever with the public, but that hasn't stopped record prices being set.

    在創作的 100 年後,這種作品仍在某種程度上像過去一樣,在大眾中引起分歧和爭議,但這並沒有停止出現破紀錄的價格。

  • I think most people think that, um, modern or contemporary artists are having a laugh at their expense, and nobody wants to feel a fool.


  • For many who are immediately dismissive of these pieces, frustration also often comes when they see the price.


  • Most of us, I think, tend to be cynics, and we, I think, a lot of times, associate art, um, with value, um, and I think that triggers the question of, "Well, why... why is it that much?"


  • Or, "Why such a high value if, you know, I could probably do this?"


  • [I] think, unless you're in the market and actively buying art, there's no need to look at art and think about price tag.


  • It shouldn't... I mean, it shouldn't be the way you look at art.


  • For the artists involved, what looks simple can be the culmination of a lifetime's work.


  • Take the "Black Square", for example, painted by turn-of-the-century avant-garde artist Kazimir Malevich.


  • This simple black painting didn't come out of nowhere.


  • It's the result of 20 years of simplification and development.

    這是 20 年來簡化和進化而成的產物。

  • When it was shown, the "Black Square" was a revolutionary symbol, exhibited at the top corner of the room, a spot reserved for orthodox religious icons.


  • Making this work wasn't exactly an easy decision, either, and in 1930, Stalin's regime confiscated Malevich's artworks and manuscripts, and he was jailed for two months.

    創作這種作品也不是個輕易的決定,1930 年時史達林政權沒收了馬列維奇的藝術作品和原稿,並且判他入獄兩個月。

  • Yes, the white canvases or the black canvases are very rarely all they've done.


  • They haven't just come out of school and said, "I could paint a black canvas."


  • I mean, as much as we might think we could do thatyes, we could do thatbut the artist has thought of it and probably had a journey, quite a long journey, and a process to get there.


  • The works aren't just made for profit.


  • It's often only after the artist is dead that the art can fetch the incredible price that it's reached today.


  • In 2008, one of Malevich's abstract works sold for $60 million, and the demand for these important modern works is only going to increase.

    2008 年時,一幅馬列維奇的抽象藝術作品以 6 千萬美元售出,對這些重要的現代藝術作品的需求只會不斷增加。

  • The natural trend is for you to see a... a... a rise in prices, but that's because it's... these true masterpieces are rare to find because they're really all in museums.


  • But setting an actual price can be tough.


  • In the end, the value is only going to be what people are willing to pay.


  • As long as there's going to be artists producing, there's always going to be, sort of, shifts in tendencies and tastes, I would say, also, in tastes in the market.


  • It seems like every year, there's a new record price, and as extreme wealth inequality increases, so do the number of millionaires willing to pay the fortune required for these works.


  • No matter what the artist intended, art is now seen as an easy investment by many, and companies have appeared to treat art purely as an asset for financial gain.


  • But despite the ever-increasing prices of the modernist masterpieces, for 99% of the artists out there, their work has always been a labor of love.

    但儘管當代藝術家的大師作品價格不斷上漲,對 99% 的藝術家來說,他們的作品還是出自於他們的愛好。

  • There are obviously people out there with a lot of money who view art just to be a commodity and nothing else, but there's gonna be people who purchase or engage with it... with it because they take genuine pleasure from it or it stimulates them or they feel it enriches them.


  • I'm an abstract painter, um, not really dealing much with form.


  • I became quite obsessed; I was painting all day and all night, and it was just something that really, that kind of took a hold of me, so.


  • It's...not easy being an artist in London.


  • There's a lot of really good talent out there; I think you've really gotta be good to actually make any money.


  • You don't have the, I suppose, network, initially.


  • Yeah, it's a really expensive habit, to be honest.


  • I suppose everybody's got their vices, but um, it's, it's my, kind of, passion and hobby, so that's where all my, um, time, effort, and, kind of, spare finances go.


  • Trends in the market may change, and prices will shift, but the popularity of modern and contemporary art isn't going anywhere.


Modern art is expensive.


已審核 字幕已審核

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 英國腔 藝術 作品 藝術家 價格 現代 抽象

隨手畫兩筆就價值千萬美元?為什麼現代藝術如此昂貴? (Why Modern Art Is So Expensive | So Expensive)

  • 2898 150
    Estelle 發佈於 2022 年 04 月 06 日