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  • Where are my car keys?


  • Hey, sleepyheads, Jules here for DNews.

    嗨,瞌睡蟲們,我是 DNews 的 Jules。

  • Now, we've all been there.


  • You stay up until 5 a.m. studying because you forgot you have a final worth 60% of your grade the next morning.

    你因為忘記明天早上有個佔總成績 60% 的期末考而熬夜到凌晨 5 點。

  • Then, after just an hour or two of sleep, you wander around in a dull haze, like you're drunk or something.


  • And, also, you fail your final.


  • In fact, being sleep deprived is not altogether different from being drunk in regards to feeling impaired and being unable to complete basic tasks.


  • One study from 2000 done by researchers from Australia and New Zealand took a group of volunteers and kept them from sleeping for up to 28 hours.

    一個由澳洲與紐西蘭研究人員在 2000 年進行的研究找來了一群志願者,讓他們不睡覺 28 小時以上。

  • Then, progressively, they gave them a series of tests in areas such as cognitive demand, reaction speed, hand-eye coordination, memory, and perception.


  • At another date, they got the same group of participants drunk, first to a blood alcohol level of .05, then to .1, and gave them the same series of tests.

    在另一天,他們會讓同一群參與者喝醉,先是讓他們血液中酒精濃度達 .05,然後到 .1,再給他們同一系列的測試。

  • The researchers found that at around the 17- to 19-hour sleepless mark, the participants scored similarly to when their blood alcohol level was around .05, or even slightly worse.

    研究人員發現到了 17 到 19 小時的無眠時長階段,參與者的得分與血液酒精濃度 .05 左右時相似,甚至更糟。

  • Some participants even showed impairment equivalent to .1, past the legal drinking limit for driving in the United State, which is .08.

    有些人甚至展現了等同 .1 程度的障礙,遠超過美國法定酒精濃度最高 .08 的駕駛限制。

  • What that means is if you stay up late and decide to go for a drive, you're effectively drunk driving.


  • So, what's happening in your brain when you're sleep-deprived?


  • Well, another study from 2000 out of UC San Diego used fMRIs to look at sleep-deprived brains while performing verbal learning tasks.

    另一份 2000 年由聖地牙哥加利福尼亞大學執行的研究利用功能性磁振造影觀察睡眠不足腦部在執行口語學習任務時的表現。

  • They found that the prefrontal cortex, which is involved in personality, planning, decision-making, and social behavior, was working overtime,


  • lighting up much more than it would in the brain of a person who'd had a restful night of sleep.


  • While that may seem counterintuitive, this higher activity is actually a bad thing since it shows that the brain has to work harder to perform the same tasks.


  • Then they looked at the temporal lobe, which controls your hearing, speech, and vision, as well as long-term memory.


  • In sleep-deprived subjects, this part of the brain was relatively quiet when otherwise it would've been lighting up in restful subjects.


  • If you've noticed, sleepy people tend to slur their speech, not unlike drunk people, and for both, that process is related the temporal lobe.


  • Meanwhile, to make up for this lack of activity, the parietal lobe steps in.


  • And while it also deals with sensory input, it doesn't do as good of a job at the specific tasks the temporal lobe deals with.


  • Which is why you're still able to do those tasks, just really, really poorly.


  • Clearly, your brain works differently when you're sleepy.


  • Sleep lets your brain's neurons rest and regain sensitivity by shutting off your neurotransmitters.


  • To quickly explain:


  • The neurons in your brain are individual cells capable of communicating information using electricity and chemicals.


  • Some of those chemicals are called "neurotransmitters", including serotonin, dopamine, and histamine.


  • After being bombarded with chemicals all day, your neurons lose sensitivity, which has been proposed as the reason your brain seems to be working more slowly the more tired you are.


  • Basically, staying up past your bedtime is pretty bad for your cognitive function, and so is drinking.


  • That's pretty scary because, according to Harvard Medical School, roughly a quarter million drivers fall asleep at the wheel every single day.

    那蠻恐怖的,因為根據哈佛醫學院指出,每天都有約 25 萬人會在開車時睡著。

  • So, remember, if you're gonna be staying up late, get yourself a designated driver.


  • For more stories that inform you, check out our sister channel, Seeker Stories.

    如果要看能給你更多資訊的故事,可以看看我們的姐妹頻道 Seeker Stories。

  • They recently went to Hawaii to find out how untreated wastewater from cesspools of poop are hurting coral reefs.


  • You can watch that video right here.


  • And over here on Seeker VR, you can visit the Standing Rock, where water protectors are standing strong after their victory against the Dakota Access Pipeline.

    而在 Seeker VP 上,你可以造訪立岩,當地水源擁護者在戰勝達科塔輸油管興建後,繼續堅定不移。

  • Watch this video to see the harsh realities that they're facing.


  • Thanks for watching DNews.

    感謝收看 DNews。

Where are my car keys?


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