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  • It was on the 23rd of June of 2016, yes, more than three years ago, that voters in the UK said they wanted to leave the European Union.

    事情發生在 2016 年 6 月 23 日,沒錯,三年多以前,英國公民用選票表達他們想要離開歐盟。

  • Yet, the process that's known as Brexit has proven difficult.


  • Initially, the UK was set to leave the EU on the 29 of March of 2019.

    一開始,英國預期於 2019 年 3 月 29 日離開歐盟。

  • However that departure date has been delayed on three occasions.


  • So why is it taking so long?


  • Let's rewind back to 2016. 

    讓我們回到 2016 年。

  • The results for the EU Referendum were in, and they indicated UK voters were profoundly divided over the United Kingdom's membership in the EU.


  • The outcome of the referendum was close,: 51.9% for leave and 48.1% for remain.

    公投的結果相當接近,51.9% 的人支持脫歐,48.1% 的人支持留歐。

  • This split vote opened the door to tough questions that, until then, had not really been considered in detail.


  • Perhaps the biggest question of them all was this.


  • People voted to leave the EU, but what sort of departure did they want?


  • A total breakup from the EU?


  • Or a negotiated exit that would retain some of the trade and travel agreements from before?


  • Under the leadership of Theresa May, the UK government decided to work towards a deal with Brussels.

    在 Theresa May 的領導下,英國政府決定與布魯塞爾討論出最好的解決方式。

  • - The United Kingdom is leaving the European Union, and my job is to get the right deal for Britain as we do.


  • The catch was that the EU required that these negotiations be done in two phases.


  • First, the UK and the EU would have two years to agree on how the exit should be done.


  • Only after that, and with the UK already outside of the EU, they could begin to put together an agreement on their future relationship - This includes any trade deals.


  • Phase one of Brexit proved difficult.


  • The UK and the other 27 European countries had to find solutions forlot of policy areas.

    英國與其他 27 國歐洲國家,得為許多政策找到解方。

  • How much money does the UK owe the EU according to previous financial commitments?


  • What sorts of benefits would UK citizens living in the EU, and vice-versa, have post-Brexit?


  • Do tourists need visas to move across the English Channel?


  • How about from Ireland to Nothern Ireland?


  • So, these negotiations took some time.


  • In fact it took more than one year to put togetherwithdrawal agreement, which laid out the conditions by which the UK would leave the EU.


  • But this was not the end of phase one.


  • The UK parliament still had to approve that agreement before it could be implemented.


  • UK lawmakers raised a number of issues about the agreement and said no to the deal three times


  • Their biggest area of contention was an insurance policy that would, according to several members of parliament, divide Northern Ireland from the rest of the UK, the so-called Irish backstop.


  • For six monthsTheresa May tried to reassure lawmakers that her deal was the best possible way to leave the EU, saying an abrupt exit would be difficult for citizens and businesses.

    六個月以來,Theresa May 試著要說服議院成員,說她的脫歐版本是最好的,且唐突地脫歐會對市民及企業造成傷害。

  • That did not work.


  • So Theresa May tried to get new commitments from the EU, but that was not enough for UK lawmakers either.

    所以 Theresa May 試著再從歐盟方取得新的承諾,但對議院來說還是不夠。

  • Eventually, Theresa May's premiership would come to an end.

    最終,Theresa May 的首相生涯就此告終。

  • She did not have enough support for her vision of how to deliver Brexit.


  • - to serve the country I love.


  • And so, in July of 2019, the Conservative Party elected a new prime minister - Boris Johnson.

    因此,在 2019 年 7 月,保守黨選出了新的首相-Boris Johnson。

  • - We're going to get Brexit done on October 31.

    「我們 10 月 31 號一定會脫歐成功!」

  • Boris Johnson reopened talks with the other 27 European countries and claimed that he replaced the controversial Irish backstop.

    Boris Johnson 與歐盟 27 國重啟對話,說他已解決愛爾蘭邊境保障措施。

  • So, he went back to the UK Parliament in late October to get the necessary approval from UK lawmakers.

    爾後,他在 10 月末前往英國議院,尋求必要的支持。

  • They said yes to Boris Johnson's plan.

    他們通過了 Boris Johnson 版的脫歐協議。

  • However there was a big caveat.


  • The lawmakers demanded more time to approve necessary laws, meaning that another extension to Brexit, at this point the third one, was required.


  • - Boris Johnson, who was against another delay to Brexit, told lawmakers... - I'd rather be dead in a ditch.

    - Boris Johnson 反對再次延後脫歐,他告訴議院... - 「我寧願死在水溝裡。」

  • Okay you can have more time, but in return we should have a new general election.


  • - We've got to the stage where we have no choice.


  • Despite how long it's taking to negotiate this first deal, some argue that trade talks will take even longer.


  • Britain's former ambassador to the EU, Sir Ivan Rogers, said it could take up to ten years to put together.

    歐盟的前任英國大使,Sir Ivan Rogers,表示這件事可能得花上十年的時間。

  • Hi guys, thank you so much for watching.


  • If you would like to check out more of our Brexit videos, you know what to do.


  • And if you have any more suggestions, let us know in the comments section.


  • I will see you soon!


It was on the 23rd of June of 2016, yes, more than three years ago, that voters in the UK said they wanted to leave the European Union.

事情發生在 2016 年 6 月 23 日,沒錯,三年多以前,英國公民用選票表達他們想要離開歐盟。

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英國脫歐脫了三年還沒成功 脫歐為何如此複雜? (Why is Brexit so complicated? | CNBC Explains)

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    Mackenzie 發佈於 2020 年 01 月 18 日