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  • Mysteries of vernacular:

    字源探秘:

  • Jade,

    Jade (玉)

  • a hard, typically green stone.

    一枚硬的、通常是綠色的石頭

  • Until relatively recently,

    一直到晚近為止

  • gemstones were believed

    人們都還認為

  • to have magical, medicinal properties,

    寶石有神奇的藥用療效

  • and nothing was more effective

    而且沒有什麼比玉石

  • at treating a kidney disorder than jade.

    在治療腎功能障礙上更有效了

  • In the 16th century,

    十六世紀時

  • the Spanish returned from the New World

    西班牙人從新世界返國

  • with the mineral in their cargo holds

    在他們的貨艙內,藏有一種礦石

  • and christened it, "piedra de la ijada,"

    他們將它命名為「piedra de la ijada」

  • or loin stone.

    或「loin stone」

  • It quickly became popular throughout Europe,

    它迅速席捲整個歐洲,成為受歡迎的寶石

  • both as a cure for internal ailments

    因為它既可作為內科治療之用

  • and as a decorative ornament

    也可作為居家飾品

  • and was renamed jade by the French,

    之後,法國人將它更名為 Jade

  • a word that was borrowed by the English

    一個從英文借來的單字

  • and remains in use to this day.

    至今人們仍在使用

  • In the 19th century,

    到了十九世紀的時候

  • French mineralogists discovered

    法國礦物學家發現

  • that jade was being used

    Jade 被用來

  • to describe two distinct minerals:

    描述兩種不同的礦物:

  • jadeite, which takes its name from jade,

    翡翠 (Jadeite) 以 Jade 的名字命名

  • and the more common nephrite,

    以及更常見的軟玉 (Nephrite)

  • the root of which is the Greek word nephros,

    它的字根是希臘文 Nephros

  • meaning kidney.

    意指腎

  • In addition to describing these two minerals,

    除了描述這兩種礦物

  • jade also has an English homonym.

    Jade 也有英文的諧音

  • With roots that predate the popularity

    它的字根早於人們普遍熟知的

  • of the lustral gemstone,

    lustral gemstone(除邪寶石)

  • jade was used to refer to

    Jade 要不是被用來泛指

  • either a disreputable woman

    名聲不好的女人

  • or a broken-down horse.

    就是被用來形容落魄的馬

  • Thus, the word jaded, meaning worn out

    因此,Jaded 這個詞的意思是破舊

  • or lacking enthusiasm,

    或缺乏熱情

  • has nothing to do with the gemstone,

    它其實與寶石毫無關係

  • and instead, comes from the archaic,

    相反地,它源自一種

  • equine-related definition.

    古老的、與馬有關的定義

Mysteries of vernacular:

字源探秘:

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B2 中高級 中文 TED-Ed 寶石 字根 礦物 治療 描述

【TED-Ed】鄉土的奧祕。Jade--Jessica Oreck和Rachael Teel。 (【TED-Ed】Mysteries of vernacular: Jade - Jessica Oreck and Rachael Teel)

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    wikiHuang 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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