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  • How can ordinary people contribute

    一般大眾如何幫助

  • to overcoming climate change effectively?

    有效改善氣候變遷問題呢?

  • In your daily life there's kind of the obvious things

    在日常生活中,有些顯而易見可做的事,

  • like flipping off the light switch.

    例如隨手關燈。

  • Recycle.

    回收。

  • Take public transport.

    搭乘大眾運輸工具。

  • Avoid plastic bags at the supermarket.

    避免在超市購物時使用塑膠袋。

  • Eat less meat.

    少吃肉。

  • Use LED lighting in your home.

    家裡使用 LED 燈。

  • Eat no meat if you're feeling really virtuous.

    如果你覺得自己相當具有道德感,可考慮完全不吃肉。

  • Actually, it's not quite that simple.

    事實上,這些沒有那麼簡單。

  • Basically, if you decide to go on a plant-based diet

    基本上,如果你採行為期一年的植物性飲食,

  • for a year, you can save about 0.8 of a tonne of CO2.

    可以省下大約 0.8 公噸的二氧化碳。

  • If you decide to avoid a transatlantic flight,

    如果你減少一趟跨大西洋的飛行,

  • you're still around 2 tonnes.

    則可以幫助節省約略 2 公噸。

  • The big, big difference that you can make,

    你能做出的最大改變

  • avoiding 58 tonnes of CO2, is a decision

    ──可降低 58 公噸的二氧化碳──為決定

  • not to have another child.

    不再生育另一個孩子。

  • And that's quite a frightening concept.

    這個概念相當令人恐懼。

  • But I think our personal carbon footprints

    但我認為我們的個人碳足跡

  • aren't the whole picture.

    並非全部。

  • Actually, the really big emitters of emissions right now

    實際上當前最大的排放者為

  • are big industries like the energy sector,

    大型行業,像是能源產業、

  • like the industrial sector, like shipping, transport, aviation,

    工業產業,如航運業、運輸業、航空業,

  • all of those sectors that frankly an individual cannot

    坦白說,這些產業都無法

  • make much impact on just by small, individual,

    僅憑微小且個人的舉動就能對其造成巨大的影響。

  • personal moves.

    僅憑微小且個人的舉動就能對其造成巨大的影響。

  • The fact is that last year the world emitted

    事實是去年世界總共排放了

  • about 38bn tonnes of CO2, mostly from burning

    大約 380 億公噸的二氧化碳,其中大多數來自於

  • fossil fuels for energy.

    燃燒化石燃料以獲取能源。

  • So, although individual action is important, it has an effect,

    因此,儘管個人行動很重要,並會產生一定的影響,

  • it's never going to be able to achieve enough on its own,

    它永遠無法獨自達到足夠的成效,

  • unless governments step in.

    除非政府介入。

  • There's the Green New Deal in the US,

    例如美國有「綠色新政」的提出,

  • and there's also a Green New Deal being discussed in Europe.

    在歐洲綠色新政也備受討論。

  • It's kind of harking back to this wartime economy, all hands

    這有點類似戰時經濟,所有人一起動員,

  • on deck, big investments are needed type of framework

    需要大量投資

  • for decarbonising the economy.

    來讓經濟低碳化。

  • In the US, the Green New Deal has

    在美國,綠色新政

  • been a big talking point for all of the Democratic presidential

    已成為所有民主黨總統候選人的一個重大討論主題。

  • candidates.

    已成為所有民主黨總統候選人的一個重大討論主題。

  • So if climate change is an issue that you care about,

    所以如果氣候變遷是你所關心的議題,

  • getting engaged in the policy discussion

    參與政策討論

  • is also part of the answer.

    也是其中一種可行方法。

  • You can also, as an individual, use your voice in elections.

    你也能在選舉中為自己發聲。

  • You can vote for candidates that actually

    可以選擇投票給那些實際

  • support some kind of measures to combat climate change.

    支持使用某些措施來對抗氣候變遷的候選人。

  • But above all else, you can start

    不過最重要的是,你可以開始

  • trying to take account of what's actually happening.

    試著考慮實際發生的狀況。

  • You can try and do an audit.

    你能學習做一個審核者。

  • People are increasingly thinking about the money

    人們逐漸思考錢

  • and how they invest it, and trying

    及其相關投資方式,並嘗試

  • to avoid things like the subprime mortgage crisis.

    避免發生如次級房貸危機等事件。

  • Thinking about what's happening in our climate, if you like,

    如果你願意,思考我們的氣候產生怎樣的變化

  • is just part of being a responsible citizen,

    只是身為負責任公民的其中一部分任務,

  • and it's becoming more important every day.

    這變得愈來愈重要。

How can ordinary people contribute

一般大眾如何幫助

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 FinancialTimes 氣候 變遷 二氧化碳 候選人 討論

氣候變化解釋:普通人能做什麼?FT (Climate change explained: what can ordinary people do? FT)

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    洪子雯 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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