中級 美國腔 418 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
On May 27th, 1941, the German battleship Bismarck sank in a fierce firefight,
leaving only 118 of her 2,200 crew members alive.
But when a British destroyer came to collect the prisoners,
they found an unexpected survivor -
a black and white cat clinging to a floating plank.
For the next several months this cat hunted rats and raised British morale -
until a sudden torpedo strike shattered the hull and sank the ship.
But, miraculously, not the cat.
Nicknamed Unsinkable Sam,
he rode to Gibraltar with the rescued crew
and served as a ship cat on three more vessels –
one of which also sank - before retiring to the Belfast Home for Sailors.
Many may not think of cats as serviceable sailors,
or cooperative companions of any kind.
But cats have been working alongside humans for thousands of years -
helping us just as often as we help them.
So how did these solitary creatures go from wild predator to naval officer
to sofa sidekick?
The domestication of the modern house cat
can be traced back to more than 10,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent,
at the start of the Neolithic era.
People were learning to bend nature to their will,
producing much more food than farmers could eat at one time.
These Neolithic farmers stored their excess grain in large pits and short, clay silos.
But these stores of food attracted hordes of rodents,
as well as their predator, Felis silvestris lybica -
the wildcat found across North Africa and Southwest Asia.
These wildcats were fast, fierce, carnivorous hunters.
And they were remarkably similar in size and appearance to today’s domestic cats.
The main differences being that ancient wildcats were more muscular,
had striped coats, and were less social towards other cats and humans.
The abundance of prey in rodent-infested granaries
drew in these typically solitary animals.
And as the wildcats learned to tolerate the presence of humans
and other cats during mealtime,
we think that farmers likewise tolerated the cats in exchange for free pest control.
The relationship was so beneficial that the cats migrated with Neolithic farmers
from Anatolia into Europe and the Mediterranean.
Vermin were a major scourge of the seven seas.
They ate provisions and gnawed at lines of rope,
so cats had long since become essential sailing companions.
Around the same time these Anatolian globe trotting cats set sail,
the Egyptians domesticated their own local cats.
Revered for their ability to dispatch venomous snakes, catch birds, and kill rats,
domestic cats became important to Egyptian religious culture.
They gained immortality in frescos, hieroglyphs, statues, and even tombs,
mummified alongside their owners.
Egyptian ship cats cruised the Nile,
holding poisonous river snakes at bay.
And after graduating to larger vessels,
they too began to migrate from port to port.
During the time of the Roman Empire, ships traveling between India and Egypt
carried the lineage of the central Asian wildcat F. s. ornata.
Centuries later, in the Middle Ages, Egyptian cats voyaged up to the Baltic Sea
on the ships of Viking seafarers.
And both the Near Eastern and North African wildcats
– probably tamed at this point -- continued to travel across Europe,
eventually setting sail for Australia and the Americas.
Today, most house cats have descended
from either the Near Eastern or the Egyptian lineage of F.s.lybica.
But close analysis of the genomes and coat patterns of modern cats
tells us that unlike dogs,
which have undergone centuries of selective breeding,
modern cats are genetically very similar to ancient cats.
And apart from making them more social and docile,
we’ve done little to alter their natural behaviors.
In other words, cats today are more or less as they’ve always been: Wild animals.
Fierce hunters. Creatures that don’t see us as their keepers.
And given our long history together, they might not be wrong.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

The history of the world according to cats - Eva-Maria Geigl

418 分類 收藏
minami.kuo 發佈於 2019 年 11 月 8 日
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔