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  • Well hey there I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

  • Now learning powerful words is really great

  • for your English vocabulary

  • but if you can't use them effectively,

  • there's just not really much point is there?

  • And when I say use them effectively, I mean use them

  • correctly in your sentences with the right

  • supporting words to help it sound natural

  • and relaxed and real.

  • For many English nouns there are actually only a small

  • number of verbs that can frequently be used with them,

  • words that just sound

  • right when they're used together in sentences

  • and we call these combinations of words 'collocations'.

  • Now learning English collocations is so helpful

  • if you want to sound more natural and intelligent

  • when you speak and today it will

  • focus on a particular set of intelligent words

  • that will help you to talk about personal challenges.

  • So these words are going to be incredibly powerful

  • in job interviews, in a professional context,

  • when you're sitting exams, the times when you need to

  • reflect on your personal life experiences.

  • So if you're ready to expand your vocabulary,

  • stick around!

  • Before we get started, a super quick reminder to

  • turn on the subtitles down here if you need to

  • and if you feel like doing something lovely today

  • then help me to translate this video so that

  • other people in your country can watch it

  • and can learn from it too and of course,

  • it's going to be excellent English practice for you.

  • I think it's fair to say that most of us are trying

  • to improve ourselves in some way.

  • That's what you're doing here watching me, isn't it?

  • Now we are always trying to learn new skills

  • and get better at things or

  • try to tweak and improve our personal qualities a little

  • to try and become better versions of ourselves.

  • That's why we set goals, that's why we're conscious

  • or we're aware of the things that we're trying to improve.

  • And this is called personal development.

  • So I want to know

  • what are your personal goals right now?

  • What are you working on in yourself?

  • For me, I'm trying to get conversational in Spanish

  • and I'm really trying to work on my management

  • and my leadership skills.

  • See my team has grown really quickly over the last

  • twelve to eighteen months and

  • you know, I want to be the best leader that I can be

  • for my team so I really want to improve these skills.

  • So what about you? What are you working on?

  • My aim in this lesson is to help you expand

  • your vocabulary around this topic and to help you to feel

  • more confident when you're using sophisticated

  • language in English.

  • This vocabulary, it really is essential

  • if you need to use English professionally

  • or if you're planning to use English at university.

  • These are all great words and expressions

  • to learn.

  • When we're trying to improve ourselves,

  • we've recognised that there's a problem,

  • something's not working or something's blocking us

  • from getting to where we want to go

  • and we call this thing that's blocking us an obstacle.

  • Now it can be a physical thing like a tree that's fallen

  • across a path

  • but it can also be a problem that prevents you or stops

  • you from achieving something that you want to do.

  • So say you really want to apply for a job

  • but in the application they said that you need

  • five years of working experience.

  • You only have two. So this is an obstacle,

  • right? It's a problem. It's blocking you.

  • It's not completely impossible to get around

  • that obstacle but you've got to work a little harder

  • to make it happen, right?

  • So 'obstacle' is a countable noun, you can have

  • an obstacle or you can have five obstacles

  • and it's most commonly used with the verbs

  • hit, face and overcome.

  • All of these verbs have slightly different meanings.

  • We hit a significant obstacle

  • when we found out we had no budget left.

  • So by using 'hit', we're highlighting that moment that

  • the obstacle stopped us, right?

  • I can't even imagine the obstacles

  • you face in daily life.

  • So here the verb 'face' is highlighting that moment

  • that you deal with the obstacle like you're looking at it

  • and you're standing there ready to take it on.

  • She had to overcome many obstacles

  • on her journey to become CEO.

  • And 'overcome' here, it highlights that moment you got

  • past the obstacle. It's not blocking you anymore.

  • We use these same verbs with the noun 'challenge' too.

  • And really that's just a synonym of 'obstacle'.

  • When I created my online English learning community,

  • I had no idea how many challenges I'd face

  • along the way.

  • We've really overcome lots of challenges

  • to reach the point where we are today.

  • We express this same idea by saying that we

  • we get over hurdles or we overcome hurdles.

  • One of the biggest hurdles that we had to overcome

  • with our community was connecting them across

  • different time zones.

  • So what about you? Have you had to overcome any

  • challenges in your job or in your personal life?

  • I want you to practise using this language

  • in the comments below this video.

  • Fears and doubts are things that hold us back.

  • Often they are the reason why we don't

  • feel very confident at all.

  • Our fears are our thoughts that we have when we're

  • frightened or we're worried about something,

  • we fear that something bad will happen.

  • And a doubt is a feeling of not being certain

  • about something,

  • being unsure about what will happen.

  • So we have doubts about our ability to do things,

  • about our choices, the decisions that we've made.

  • I have some doubts about our ability to complete this

  • project by Christmas.

  • In fact, you can use self-doubt here to make it

  • clear that the doubts you have are with yourself.

  • Now we often use the verb 'overcome' again with 'doubt'

  • and with 'self-doubt'

  • and we use it to say, you know, when we stopped

  • feeling uncertain. It's also really useful to practise

  • the verb 'doubt' as well.

  • There were so many times when I doubted

  • my ability to lead a team.

  • Let's focus on fear for a minute or two.

  • We all have to deal with fear, right? We have to learn

  • how to manage fear.

  • It's a really natural and a really normal part of life.

  • If we're lucky enough, we find a way to harness fear

  • in some situations.

  • Have you heard of that expression?

  • Now we use the verb 'harness' when you find a way

  • to use that fear to your advantage.

  • The energy from that fear gives you the power

  • to do something courageous or challenging

  • and we actually often use that verb 'harness'

  • with an emotion. We use it to say that we bring

  • that emotion under control

  • and then do something positive with it.

  • So for example. You might harness

  • your team's enthusiasm which means, you know,

  • you want to make the most of their enthusiasm

  • and get the best out of them.

  • We all have fears but what about those moments

  • when we find the courage?

  • We face our fears. We let our fears come right up to us

  • and we stand our ground

  • and we deal with those fears, right?

  • I got called up on stage and at that moment,

  • I was forced to face my fears.

  • Okay let's not dwell on our problems and our fears

  • for too long, we all like a happy ending, don't we?

  • So how can we flip these negative situations

  • and begin to make them more positive?

  • Well let's focus on some vocabulary

  • that will help you to do that.

  • You're all familiar with the word 'opportunity' right?

  • You can be given an opportunity.

  • You can receive an opportunity.