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  • Hi, I'm Kasia. Welcome to Oxford Online English! In this lesson, you can learn about

    嗨,我是Kasia。歡迎來到牛津在線英語!在本課中,你可以瞭解到

  • the verbs 'have' and 'get'.

    動詞'有'和'得到'。

  • You'll see ten different meanings of 'have', and ten different meanings of 'get'. You'll

    你會看到 "有 "的十種不同含義,"得到 "的十種不同含義。你會

  • also see examples, so you can learn to use the verbs 'have' and 'get' in different

    還可以看到例子,這樣你就可以學習在不同的動詞'有'和'得到'的使用。

  • ways.

    的方式。

  • This lesson has five parts. Each part starts with a short dialogue.

    本課有五個部分。每個部分都以一段簡短的對話開始。

  • In each dialogue, there are two different ways to use 'have', and two different

    在每個對話中,有兩種不同的方式來使用 "有",以及兩種不同的

  • ways to use 'get'.

    使用'得到'的方法。

  • We suggest that you watch each dialogue two or three times. Before you continue, try to

    我們建議你把每段對話看兩三遍。在您繼續之前,請嘗試

  • hear the different sentences with 'have' and 'get'. Think about what they mean.

    聽聽帶 "有 "和 "得到 "的不同句子。想一想它們的意思。

  • Then, watch the explainer section after the dialogue. You can check if you were right!

    然後,看對話後的解釋部分。你可以檢查一下自己是否正確!

  • Before we start, we really think you should check out our website: Oxford Online English

    在我們開始之前,我們真的認為你應該檢查我們的網站。牛津在線英語

  • dot com. You can find free English lessons, and you can also take online classes with

    dot com。您可以找到免費的英語課程,您也可以參加在線課程的

  • one of our many professional teachers!

    我們眾多專業老師中的一員!

  • Now, let's see our first dialogue. Are you going out?

    現在,讓我們看看我們的第一個對話。你要出去嗎?

  • I have judo class. It's the first one after the holidays.

    我有柔道課。這是假期後的第一節課。

  • Ah, yeah, I remember. Are you walking?

    啊,是的,我記得。你在走路嗎?

  • I need to get there before seven, so I think I'll get a taxi. I'll be late otherwise.

    我需要在七點前趕到那裡,所以我想我會打車去。否則我會遲到的

  • OK, well, have a good time! Did you hear the four phrases with 'have'

    好了,好了,祝大家玩得開心!你聽到帶 "有 "的四個短語了嗎?

  • and 'get'? Let's see them.

    和 "得到"?讓我們來看看他們。

  • Can you explain the meaning of 'have' and 'get' here?

    你能解釋一下這裡的 "有 "和 "得到 "的意思嗎?

  • 'Have' can mean 'take part in an event', as in, 'I have judo class.'

    '有'的意思是'參加活動',如'我有柔道課'。

  • You could also say, 'I have a meeting tomorrow morning.'

    你也可以說,'我明天早上有一個會議'。

  • 'She has a tennis tournament on Saturday.' 'What time do you have your Spanish lesson?'

    '她週六有一個網球比賽'。'你什麼時候上西班牙語課?'

  • You can use this with meetings, classes, social events, and more.

    你可以將其用於會議、課堂、社交活動等。

  • In 'have a good time', what do you think 'have' means?

    在'have a good time'中,你認為'have'是什麼意思?

  • 'Have' can also mean 'experience.' For example: 'We had a lot of fun at their

    '有'也可以是'體驗'的意思。例如:'我們在他們的'有'裡玩得很開心。

  • wedding.' 'He's having a lot of problems at school

    '婚禮。'他在學校裡有很多問題

  • at the moment.' 'I've been having a stressful time at

    目前'。'我一直有壓力,在。

  • work recently.'

    最近的工作。

  • With this meaning of 'have', the phrase 'have a … time' is useful. Put an adjective

    有了這個'有'的意思,'有一個......時間'這句話就很有用了。放一個形容詞

  • in the space: have a *good* time, have a *bad* time, have a *difficult* time, and so on.

    在空間中:有*好的時間,有*壞的時間,有*困難的時間,等等。

  • What about the phrases with 'get'?

    帶 "得到 "的短語呢?

  • 'Get' can mean 'arrive' or 'reach'. You can say things like: 'What time do you

    'Get'可以是'到達'或'到達'的意思。你可以說這樣的話。"你什麼時候

  • think you'll get here?' 'The train gets to Berlin at four o'clock.'

    "你覺得你能到這裡嗎?""火車四點鐘就到柏林了。

  • In the dialogue, you also heard, 'I'll get a taxi.' You can also use 'get'

    在對話中,你還聽到,'我去打車'。你也可以用 "得到

  • like 'catch' or 'take', meaning to use a form of transport. So, you can *get*

    像'趕'或'拿',意思是使用一種交通工具。所以,你可以*得到

  • the metro, *get* a bus, *get* a taxi, and so on.

    地鐵,*得到*公共汽車,*得到*計程車,等等。

  • For example: "If we get the subway, will we be on time?"

    比如說:"如果我們搭上地鐵,會不會準時?"如果我們搭上地鐵,會不會很準時?"

  • "It's not worth spending so much money for such a short flight. Let's get the boat."

    "這麼短的飛行時間,不值得花這麼多錢。我們上船吧。"

  • Have you seen the email I sent you?

    你看到我發給你的郵件了嗎?

  • No. My PC's got some kind of problem. I can't connect to the Internet.

    不,我的電腦出了點問題。我不能連接到互聯網。

  • Can't you look on your phone?

    你不能用手機看嗎?

  • Yes, I suppose I can… . Yup, got it. I'll look at it right now.

    是的,我想我可以... ...。是的,知道了。我現在就去看看

  • Great. Let me know what you think.

    很好,讓我知道你的想法。讓我知道你的想法。

  • Will do. I need to get someone to fix my computer, though. I don't like using my phone for

    會做。不過我得找人幫我修電腦。我不喜歡用手機

  • work stuff.

    工作的東西。

  • This dialogue was a little different. Can you see how?

    這段對話有些不同。你能看出是怎麼回事嗎?

  • In the dialogue, one of the uses of 'have' was as an auxiliary verb: 'Have you seen

    在對話中,"有 "的用法之一是作為助動詞:"你見過嗎?

  • the email I sent?'

    我發的郵件?

  • What was the other usage of 'have'? It was: 'My PC's got some kind of problem.'

    "有 "的另一種用法是什麼?就是:"我的電腦出了點問題。

  • We used 'have got' as a form of 'have'. We'll come back to this in a minute.

    我們用'有了'作為'有'的一種形式。我們一會兒再來討論這個問題。

  • So, 'have' can be an auxiliary verb, especially in perfect tenses. In this case, 'have'

    所以,'有'可以是一個助動詞,特別是在完成時態中。在這種情況下,'have'

  • doesn't have its own meaning. Instead, it's a grammar word; it's used to make a verb

    並沒有自己的意思。相反,它是一個文法詞;它是用來做動詞的。

  • form.

    形式:

  • Look at three examples of this: 'I haven't seen her all day.'

    看三個例子。"我一整天都沒有看到她

  • 'We hadn't realised that we needed to bring our passports.'

    '我們沒有意識到,我們需要帶護照。

  • 'She'll have finished all her exams by the end of July.'

    '她在七月底就會完成所有的考試。

  • In all three sentences, 'have' is not the main verb. The main verbs are 'see',

    在這三個句子中,'有'不是主動詞。主要動詞是'看'。

  • 'realise' and 'finish'.

    '實現'和'完成'。

  • 'Have' is used to form the perfect tense. The sentences are present perfect, past perfect

    'have'用來構成完全時態。句子是現在完成時,過去完成時

  • and future perfect, respectively.

    和未來完美,分別。

  • Again, 'have' doesn't have its own meaning here. When 'have' is an auxiliary verb,

    同樣,'有'在這裡沒有自己的意思。當'有'是一個助動詞。

  • it adds meaning to other words. It doesn't mean anything by itself.

    它給其他詞增加了意義。它本身沒有任何意義。

  • Actually, 'have' is an auxiliary verb in 'have got', too.

    其實'有'在'有得'中也是一個助動詞。

  • 'Have got' is easy; it means the same as 'have' in the most basic sense.

    '有得'很簡單,它的意思和最基本的'有'是一樣的。

  • You can say 'I have a new phone', or 'I've got a new phone.'

    你可以說'我有新手機',或者'我有新手機'。

  • You can say 'They have three children', or 'They've got three children.'

    你可以說 "他們有三個孩子",或者 "他們有三個孩子"。

  • There's no difference in meaning, and it doesn't matter which you say.

    意思沒有區別,你說哪個都無所謂。

  • But, be careful! You can't use 'have got' to replace all other meanings of 'have'.

    但是,要注意!你不能用'有了'來代替所有其他的'有'的意思。你不能用'有了'來代替'有'的其他所有含義。

  • What about 'get' in the dialogue? You heard these phrases.

    對話中的'得到'呢?你聽過這幾句話。

  • Any ideas? 'Got it' here means 'I received your

    有什麼辦法嗎?'知道了'在這裡的意思是'我收到了你的'。

  • email'. 'Get' can mean 'receive', so you can get an email, get a text message,

    電子郵件'。'Get'可以是'接收'的意思,所以你可以收到一封郵件,收到一條簡訊。

  • get a present, and so on.

    得到禮物,等等。

  • For example: 'I got a new tablet for my birthday.'

    比如:"我生日的時候買了一個新的平板電腦"。

  • 'Did you get my message?' In the second phrase, 'get' means to ask

    '你收到我的資訊了嗎?在第二個短語中,'得到'的意思是問。

  • someone to do something for you. Generally, you use the phrase 'get', plus a person,

    有人為你做某事。一般來說,你用 "得到 "這個詞,加上一個人。

  • plus 'to' plus verb. You could also say: 'She's too old to

    加'to'加動詞。你也可以說:'她太老了,不可能......'。

  • look after the garden, so I got someone to help her once a month.'

    照顧花園,所以我找人每個月幫她一次'。

  • 'I'm no good at DIY, so I got someone to paint my living room.'

    '我不擅長DIY,所以我找人給我的客廳刷漆。

  • Did you get everything for tonight?

    今晚的東西都準備好了嗎?

  • Let's see: I got stuff for sandwiches, nachos, dips, and veggies for dipping. If people are

    讓我們來看看,我有三明治、玉米片、醬料和蘸醬的東西。我買了三明治、玉米片、蘸醬和蔬菜的東西。 I got stuff for sandwiches, nachos, dips, and veggies for dipping.如果人們是

  • still hungry later, we can order pizzas. I guess they can also have the curry I made

    一會兒還餓,我們可以叫披薩。我想他們也可以吃我做的咖喱了

  • last night, if they really want.

    昨晚,如果他們真的想。

  • What about drinks?

    那飲料呢?

  • I'm guessing people will bring drinks, but there's some wine and a few beers which

    我猜大家會帶飲料來,但有一些酒和一些啤酒,這

  • people can have. Plus, there's juice for everyone who isn't drinking.

    的人都可以擁有。另外,還有果汁給每個不喝酒的人喝。

  • Did you get a birthday card?

    你收到生日卡了嗎?

  • Ah, crap! I knew I'd forgotten something.

    啊,糟糕!我知道我忘了什麼東西。

  • It's getting lateDo you think there's time to go out and get one now?

    時間不早了,你覺得現在還有時間出去買嗎?

  • Maybe. We'll have to leave right now.

    也許吧我們得馬上離開

  • 'We'? You forgot!

    我們?你忘了!

  • OK, OK, I'm going. This time, let's start with 'get'. You

    好了,好了,我開始了。這一次,我們從 "得到 "開始。你啊

  • heard these phrases. Actually, you heard one or two more. But,

    聽過這幾句話。其實,你還聽過一兩句。但。

  • in most of these phrases, 'get' has one meaning. Do you know what?

    在這些短語中,"得到 "有一個意思。你知道嗎?

  • In the first three phrases, 'get' means 'buy'. This is very common.

    在前三個短語中,"得到 "的意思是 "買"。這是很常見的。

  • What about the last phrase: 'It's getting late'?

    最後一句:'天色已晚'呢?

  • This is another common use of 'get'. Here, 'get' means 'become'. Let's see

    這是'得到'的另一種常見用法。這裡,'得到'的意思是'成為'。讓我們看看

  • some more examples: 'My water bottle came open in my bag, so my books got wet.'

    再舉一些例子。"我的水瓶在我的包裡打開了,所以我的書被弄溼了。

  • 'Can we turn on the heating? It's getting really cold in here.'

    '我們可以打開暖氣嗎?'這裡真的很冷。

  • 'Renting an apartment is getting ridiculously expensive.'

    '租房越來越貴了'。

  • What about 'have' in the dialogue? 'Have' can mean 'eat' or 'drink'.

    對話中的'有'呢?'有'可以是'吃'或'喝'的意思。

  • You can 'have lunch', 'have a snack', 'have a cup of coffee', and so on.

    你可以'吃午飯'、'吃點心'、'喝咖啡'等等。

  • You also heard 'We'll have to leave right now.'

    你也聽到了'我們必須馬上離開'。

  • 'Have to' is a kind of modal verb. It means that something is necessary. The main

    '不得不'是一種情態動詞。它的意思是某件事情是必須的。主要的

  • thing to remember is that 'have to' doesn't have a connection with 'have'. They look

    要記住的是,"不得不 "和 "有 "沒有關係。他們看起來

  • similar, but they're completely different verbs. They don't have the same meaning,

    類似,但它們是完全不同的動詞。它們的意思不一樣。

  • and they don't follow the same rules. You look exhausted! Is everything OK?

    他們不遵守同樣的規則。你看起來很累!沒事吧?

  • Ugh… I'm alright, just a bit ill. I got a cold or a virus of some kind a few days

    我沒事,只是有點不舒服。幾天前我感冒了,或者是感染了某種病毒。

  • ago.

    前。

  • There's something going around. A lot of people at my office had something similar

    有一些事情發生了。我辦公室的很多人都有類似的事情。

  • last week.

    上週。

  • I think it might be stress-related, too. I've been working a lot, and I'm not getting

    我想這可能也是與壓力有關。我一直在工作,而我沒有獲得

  • enough sleep.

    足夠的睡眠。

  • Have you been to the doctor's?

    你去看醫生了嗎?

  • No, I'm just going to stay at home and rest. It's a shame; I was planning to visit Sarah

    不,我只是要留在家裡休息。太可惜了,我正打算去看望莎拉。

  • on Saturday.

    上週六。

  • You're not going?

    你不去嗎?

  • I can't! She's just had her baby boy. She got home from the hospital two days ago.

    我不能這樣做!她剛生了個兒子她兩天前從醫院回家。

  • Oh yes, of course. Both 'have' and 'get' can be used

    哦,是的,當然。"have "和 "get "都可以用。

  • to talk about illness. In the dialogue, you heard these: 'I got a cold or a virus of

    來談論疾病。在對話中,你聽到了這些。"我得了感冒或病毒

  • some kind a few days ago.' 'A lot of people at my office had something

    幾天前的某種'。'我辦公室的很多人都有一些東西

  • similar last week.' What do you think: what's the difference

    上週類似'。你怎麼看:有什麼不同?

  • between *getting* an illness, and *having* an illness?

    得*病和*病之間?

  • 'Get ill' is similar to 'catch an illness'. You use it to talk about the start of an illness.

    '生病'與'得病'相似。你用它來談論疾病的開始。

  • Often, you can use both words. You can say 'I got a cold', or 'I caught a cold'.

    通常情況下,你可以使用這兩個詞。你可以說 "我感冒了",也可以說 "我感冒了"。

  • There's no difference.

    沒有什麼區別。

  • 'Have an illness' is similar to 'be ill.' You use it to describe the state of

    '有病'類似於'生病'。你用它來描述的狀態

  • being ill.

    生病。

  • In this case, you can also use 'have got'. You can say 'I have a cold' or 'I've

    在這種情況下,你也可以用'有了'。你可以說'我感冒了'或'我已經'。

  • got a cold.'

    得了感冒。

  • You also heard: 'I'm not getting enough sleep.'

    你也聽到了:"我的睡眠不足"。

  • 'She's just had her baby boy.' Can you explain these?

    "她剛生了她的兒子。你能解釋這些嗎?

  • This might sound confusing, but 'get' can mean something similar to 'have',

    這可能聽起來很混亂,但 "得到 "可以有類似於 "擁有 "的意思。

  • especially when you're talking about lifestyle habits like sleep, diet, exercise and so on.

    尤其是當你在談論睡眠、飲食、運動等生活習慣時。

  • So, you can say: 'He doesn't get enough fruit and vegetables in his diet.'

    所以,你可以說:"他的飲食中沒有攝入足夠的水果和蔬菜"。

  • 'I definitely don't get enough exercise.' 'I get about seven hours of sleep every

    '我的運動量肯定不夠。'我每天大約睡7個小時

  • night.' The meaning of 'get' here is something

    晚上'。這裡'得到'的意思是什麼

  • between 'have' and 'do'.

    在'有'和'做'之間。

  • What about the second sentence, with 'have'?

    第二句話,用'有'呢?

  • 'Have' can mean to give birth. If you say 'She had a baby last week,' you mean

    '有'可以是指生孩子。如果你說 "她上週生了個孩子",你的意思是:

  • that she gave birth.

    她生了。

  • What did you think?

    你覺得呢?

  • I didn't like it. Plus, the rent was way too high for such a small place.

    我不喜歡它。另外,對於這麼小的地方來說,租金太高了。

  • I don't get it. Why show people an apartment in such a bad state?

    我不明白為什麼要給人看狀態這麼差的公寓?

  • Yeah, I know. I guess it's a seller's market. Did you have a look at the bathroom?

    是的,我知道,我想這是一個賣方市場。我想這是一個賣方市場。你看了浴室了嗎?

  • Yes! It was gross.

    是的,很噁心。

  • You'd need to have the whole place redecorated, and even then it wouldn't be a good deal.

    你需要把整個地方重新裝修一下,即使這樣也不划算。

  • Do you think they'll actually get a thousand a month for it? It seems way too high.

    你覺得他們真的能拿到一千塊錢一個月嗎?這似乎太高了。

  • Salaries around here are pretty high. People get a lot of money, even for basic jobs. I

    這裡的工資相當高。人們得到了很多錢,即使是基本的工作。I

  • agree it's not a good deal, but I imagine someone will probably take it.

    我同意這不是一個好交易,但我想象有人可能會把它。

  • HmmmAnyway, how many more places are we looking at today?

    嗯,總之,今天我們還要看幾個地方?

  • Look at four phrases from the dialogue. Do you know what 'get' and 'have'

    看對話中的四個短語。你知道什麼是 "得到 "和 "擁有

  • mean in these sentences? 'Get' can mean 'understand'. 'I

    在這些句子中是什麼意思?'得到'可以表示'理解'。'I

  • don't get it' means 'I don't understand.'

    "不懂 "的意思是 "我不懂"。