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  • Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Adverb Phrase 22. The adverb phrase today

  • is by and large. Okay. Let's take a look at the note here. If someone uses the

  • adverb phrase by and large it means mainly it means mostly. Let's continue.

  • You could also substitute other phrases such as for the most part, usually, on the

  • whole, etc. You know, depending on the situation one may fit a little better

  • than the other. To have nearly the same meaning . Okay . Let's continue. The origin

  • of this phrase actually comes from nautical terms. You know, nautical

  • relating to like the Navy or the sea or sailing. Nautical terms often used by

  • sailors dating back many centuries ago. Large basically was used when the wind

  • was blowing with you. So in your direction. In the direction you preferred. .

  • Okay. Therefore the wind was blowing from behind the ship and helping and

  • providing energy to move in that direction. So this is generally the

  • easier way of sailing. When the wind is going with you and it's helping you move

  • in that direction. That's the way you'd like it. Most of the time. That was referred

  • to as large. Okay. By basically meant that you were traveling in the direction

  • facing the wind or within six compass points of itself.

  • This was the harder one. This was where the wind is going against you. Okay. Let's

  • continue. The earliest known citing seems to be

  • from Samuel Sturay, in the Mariner's magazine 1669. So it's a long time ago. So

  • this, so this phrase for sailing terms goes back a long long way. Thus you see ...

  • So here's actually a quote from him in this 1969 magazine. "Thus you see the ship

  • handled in fair weather and foul. " Fair weather means good

  • weather or beautiful weather. Foul, of course, it means bad. In this case, " by and

  • large. And of course large was spelled very different way back then. All right.

  • Let's continue. Thus, to sail by and large meant you could sail in almost any

  • weather. So this is how it took on the meaning of mostly. This is why it ended up

  • being mostly. Because you, you can mostly sail in any weather or any type of thing.

  • Because you were skilled in both. Okay. Let's continue. All right. So we just have a

  • couple of examples here. Here's the first example number one. By and

  • large everything seemed to go smoothly. So everything mostly seemed to go

  • smoothly or for the most part everything went smoothly. So that's pretty much what

  • we mean with this first example. Number two. This speech is by and large , you know,

  • mostly or mainly or on the whole very well written. We just may need to make a

  • few slight adjustments . Okay. Anyway, I hope you got it. I hope it was clear. I hope it was

  • informative. Thank you for your time. Bye- bye.

Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Adverb Phrase 22. The adverb phrase today


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A2 初級 美國腔

英語導師Nick P副詞短語(22)大體上是這樣的 (English Tutor Nick P Adverb Phrase (22) By and Large)

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