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  • Hey guys, so I'm getting questions like daily now on how to learn Japanese, so that's what

  • I'm going to talk about today. All of the resources I'm going to go over will be linked

  • down in the description.

  • To learn Japanese you'll need to focus on three different areas: listening, reading,

  • and speaking. I don't include writing in there because that's more of a means to improve

  • on the other areas, and honestly you're probably not going to have to physically draw out kanji

  • as often as you will have to text or type them, so as long as you know how to read and

  • spell kanji, that should get you pretty far.

  • The easiest of all is of course listening. And the easiest way to improve your listening

  • is to immerse yourself in the language. Most people pretty much max out their listening

  • within one to two months in Japan, and that's all it takes. If you're not in Japan you can

  • listen to Japanese news programs or watch dramas, or something like that. But to get

  • the full effects you'll probably have to wait until you can actually get to Japan and be

  • surrounded by the language.

  • Whether reading or speaking is easier honestly depends on the person. If you're the type

  • of person who doesn't really study very much, but you just throw yourself out into a crowd

  • of Japanese people and you pick up the language by listening to them and repeating it back

  • to them, you'll probably be better at speaking. But most people tend to study a lot more,

  • and especially if you're not in Japan, reading will probably be easier for you.

  • You'll need to focus on three areas with reading: kanji, vocabulary, and grammar. Now, I don't

  • really include hiragana or katakana in there because you should be able to learn those

  • completely within a few days. And I do I recommend learning all three of those at the same time.

  • So for example, the textbook Genki has a little bit of all three in each chapter. They also

  • have a listening section at the beginning, so I recommend repeating back what they say

  • to you so you can get used to speaking the language. In Jun's "Advice for Japanese Learners"

  • video he talked about how language is a tool. It's not something you can just study and

  • learn. You have to use it to truly become proficient at it.

  • Of course, immersing yourself in Japan or practicing with people who are fluent is the

  • best way to get better at speaking the language, but if you can't do that, there are some resources

  • I can show you online so you can connect with native speakers and practice that way. Typically

  • how this works is it's a language exchange. So that person will be learning your language,

  • and you'll be learning their language, so you'll both practice help each other speak

  • each other's languages. There is a forum for people who want to make contacts and do language

  • exchanges on the website japan-guide.com. There are tons of people from all over the

  • world there, including many from Japan who want to learn English. So you can meet people

  • there and either connect with them on skype or meet them in real life if you happen to

  • live nearby.

  • You can also use the website Lang-8.com. It's a blogging website, so what you do is you

  • write a blog in the language that you're trying to learn, and then people who speak that language

  • will correct your grammar and vocabulary and things like that. And in return you help the

  • community by correcting other people who are learning your language. Jun used to do it

  • a lot and he made friends that he connected with on skype so they were able to practice

  • each other's languages, too. I do highly recommend using this website to help you get used to

  • correct grammar and things like that.

  • If you're too afraid of making mistakes to open up and practice speaking with people,

  • get drunk. Or a little tipsy. I'm dead serious. That is a legitimate tactic that people use.

  • Okay, on to free resources.

  • Starting out with grammar, you can use Tae Kim's Guide to Learning Japanese on the website

  • guidetojapanese.org/learn. This website will walk you through what I would consider the

  • general equivalent of about what you would learn grammar-wise your first two years in

  • university. If you have questions about specific grammar points, they also have a forum you

  • can use. Or you can find forums for people learning Japanese all over the internet. One

  • I've seen that has a pretty quick response time with good answers is reddit.com/r/learnjapanese.

  • There are a lot of people there who are nearly fluent or fluent in Japanese who can give

  • you advice on practical usage, and make things easily understood from the perspective of

  • an English speaker learning Japanese.

  • Moving on to kanji and vocabulary, there is a flashcard program called Anki that you download

  • onto your computer. From the program, you can then download decks of flashcards, including

  • many for Japanese. The great thing about this is you can specify how easy each card was

  • for you, and then depending on what you click, that calculates how long it will be until

  • they show that card to you again.

  • If you need more help for learning kanji, there's a website called memrise.com. Users

  • comment on kanji and associate them with images so they're easier to remember. So for the

  • word akarui, someone submitted that they're able to remember the kanji by combing the

  • kanji sun and moon next to each other, which makes the word bright.

  • If you learn better through rewards, there's a website called Japaneseclass.jp. They give

  • you lessons and when you successfully complete tests you get points and can level up. You

  • also get ranked among your peers. It even has the most basic of lessons including hiragana

  • and katakana. And it has a reading section.

  • Once you get a little more advanced you can also practice listening comprehension and

  • reading on Japanese news websites. They have a news site for kids, so you can work your

  • way up.

  • For dictionaries, if you're on the internet, I recommend staying away from things like

  • Google translate unless you're just doing single verbs or nouns or things like that.

  • If you're trying to translate a full sentence I guarantee you you will completely lose the

  • meaning. If you're using Chrome there is an extension called "Rikaikun" (or if you're

  • using Firefox, it's called rikaichan). What this extension does is it allows you to see

  • the definition of Japanese words and some grammar points just by hovering your mouse

  • over Japanese text. It's really convenient, but can be habit forming so don't let it get

  • in the way of actually learning the words.

  • Moving on to resources that cost money:

  • If you learn better with actual textbooks, I recommend starting out with Genki I and

  • II. For grammar points I HIGHLY recommend a series of three books by Seiichi Makino

  • and Michio Tsutsui. The first is called "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese grammar." The

  • intermediate book is also really good, but unless you're really really getting advanced

  • you don't need to buy the advanced one. It's actually a dictionary so it's not going to

  • give you lessons, but it does tell you how to use the grammar points, whether it's used

  • in written or spoken Japanese, examples, and small differences with related grammar points.

  • For kanji books, my favorite is the series of books called 留学生のための漢字の教科書,

  • which is "Kanji Textbook for Foreign Exchange Students." They're in Japanese, but with all

  • three books they do walk you through about 2,000 kanji which is pretty close to everything

  • you will need to know in Japan. The way I used this book was working through each page,

  • practicing writing down the kanji and example vocabulary on a separate sheet of paper, and

  • then doing the practice tests at the end of the lesson. The next day I'd review it and

  • take the test again, and then start the next lesson.

  • I have all of these books but I can't show you because they're still in Korea with everything

  • else I own. Sorry.

  • As for dictionaries, typically what a lot of students end up doing is buying an electronic

  • dictionary, or a denshi-jisho. Cons are that they're really expensive and they can be a

  • hassle to carry around, and some of them might not have colloquialisms or certain slang words

  • in them. However, the convenient thing about them is on some of them you can search by

  • writing out the kanji, which is really nice. Another thing I know people use a lot is an

  • application on your smartphone. However, I'm still using a flip-phone! So I don't know

  • what that is. If you guys can tell me what applications you use for Japanese dictionaries,

  • let me know and I'll put that down in the description.

  • As for how long it takes to learn, that is completely up to how quickly you pick up on

  • things, how much effort you put into it, and whether or not you can immerse yourself in

  • the language. I have seen people in Japan go from knowing almost no Japanese to conversationally

  • fluent within a single year. However, they were taking Japanese classes and they always

  • spoke Japanese with their friends. If you want to learn Japanese, don't go to Japan

  • and speak English!

  • If you don't put much effort into learning the language and you don't study on your own

  • time you could float along for the rest of your life and not really learn that much.

  • But it's not a race so don't stress yourself out if you feel like other people are learning

  • faster than you. You're only competing against yourself. There may be times when you feel

  • like Japanese is too difficult for you, or you just can't understand something. It can

  • be frustrating, and I've been to that point before where I couldn't understand a word

  • the instructor was saying. I've felt stupid, I've felt like it was pointless, and I've

  • been brought to tears before in frustration. But you just keep pushing forward. There will

  • come a time when that thing that you couldn't understand will become second nature to you.

  • You just don't give up. A lot of times it's really difficult for us to see how far we've

  • come on our own. Even if you feel like you're not making much progress, you probably are.

  • So even when it seems really hopeless just keep pushing forward because you will get

  • past it. So I hope this video introduced you guys to some resources that you'll find helpful.

  • When I do get my books back I'll show you them but for now I'm sorryyou'll just have

  • to find pictures on the internet. Anyway, thanks for watching. Bye!

Hey guys, so I'm getting questions like daily now on how to learn Japanese, so that's what

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如何學習日語(在線免費) [如何學習日語]日英雙語字幕。 (How to Learn Japanese (Online & Free)【日本語の学習法】日英字幕)

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    阿多賓 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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