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  • Have you ever been drunk?


  • Looking at World Health Organization reports, it seems as though a little less than half of the world's population, 15 or over, like a tipple now and again.

    從世界衛生組織的資料中可以看出,全世界似乎約半數 15 歲以上的人口都喜歡偶爾小酌。

  • Some people, you might say, drink quite a lot more than a tipple, with about 16% of drinkers doing it frequently and heavily.

    你也可以說,有些人喜歡的不只小酌,約 16% 的人經常性地大量飲酒。

  • The WHO put the death toll from heavy drinking at 3.3 million the last time the statistics were compiled, and that was 5.9% of all global deaths that year.

    世界衛生組織上一期提供的數據顯示,酗酒相關的死亡案例共有 330 萬起,占全年死亡人數 5.9% 。

  • This was, however, deaths attributable to drinking, which could include all manner of fatalities blamed on alcohol consumption.


  • If we are going to drink, we should at least do it with food inside of us.


  • Why?


  • That's what we'll find out today in this episode of the Infographics Show.

    這就是我們這集 Infographics Show 要探討的:

  • What Happens When You Drink Alcohol on an Empty Stomach?


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  • First of all, we should point out that, often, the least responsible of drinkers are the ones that do it underage.


  • In the USA, where the legal drinking age is 21, the CDC reports that booze is the most abused substance among youth.

    在合法飲酒年齡為 21 歲的美國,其疾病管制與預防中心指出,酒精是青少年間最常見的濫用物質。

  • Most countries in the world have an age limit of 18 or 19, after that, it is 16 to 17, and after that, no age limit whatsoever.

    多數國家的年齡限制是 18 或 19 歲,在那之後是 16 到 17 歲 ,再來就完全沒有限制了。

  • Strikingly, there doesn't seem to be much correlation between the drinking age limit and alcohol abuse.


  • This has been an ongoing debate in the USA, with reports coming to different conclusions.


  • Some say raising the age to 21 was a success, others say it pushed younger people into closed rooms where they did more binge drinking.

    有些人認為將年齡限制提高到 21 歲非常成功,其他人則認為這將年輕人推進了濫飲的漩渦。

  • The CDC even states that, "Although drinking by persons under the age of 21 is illegal, people aged 12 to 20 years drink 11% of all alcohol consumed in the United States."

    疾病管制與預防中心甚至指出:「雖然飲酒合法年齡是 21 歲 ,但美國總體酒量的 11% 卻是由 12 到 20 歲之間的人喝掉的。」

  • It also stated that 90% of that drinking was binge drinking.

    中心也指出這其中有 90% 都是濫飲。

  • The same year this research was undertaken, 4,300 of those underage drinkers died, and a further 189,000 visited the emergency room.

    研究進行同年,有 4 千 3 百位未成年飲酒者死亡,更有 18 萬 9 千位進了急診室。

  • This is food for thought when we consider America is the only developed nation that has this 21-and-over age requirement for drinking.

    這非常耐人尋味,尤其如果考量到美國是開發國家中唯一設有 21 歲飲酒年齡限制的國家。

  • So, if you are watching this and wondering how you might better drink safely, then we will come to our question of whether you should only drink with food in your stomach.


  • According to HAMS (Harm Reduction for Alcohol), you should do a few things before you drink, and indeed, eating is one of them.


  • We will give you the abridged version of why they say that is.


  • The stomach has a small surface area, and the small intestine, a very large surface area.


  • So, the small intestine is very good at absorbing alcohol, and your stomach is not.


  • The stomach is linked to the small intestine with a valve called the pyloric valve.


  • If you stuff your face, the valve closes to keep all the food down so it can be digested.


  • High-fat food will keep this valve shut for up to 6 hours.

    高脂肪食物會讓這個瓣門關上長達 6 小時。

  • Proteins and carbs apparently work well, too.


  • We are told that eating a big, fatty meal before boozing will mean that all those beers and shots will be absorbed slowly, and your BAC (blood alcohol content) will stay low for a while and you won't feel so wasted.

    我們被告知喝酒前吃頓油膩大餐會使所有酒精的吸收速度變慢,而你的 BAC(血液酒精濃度)也會持低一段時間,讓你不感到那麼醉。

  • Drink on an empty stomach, and all that booze will go straight to your head.


  • And there's more chance you'll make a fool out of yourself, or worse, end up facing a doctor from a hospital bed with no memory of driving your car into your neighbor's house.


  • They also point out that eating after you have consumed a lot of alcohol will not mean you'll become less drunk.


  • The downside to empty-stomach drinking is not only the effects it may have on your actions, but also your body.


  • With food inside of you, the booze will drip into your liver, digestive system, and kidneys, rather than hit them like a tidal wave.


  • So, what should you eat?


  • Well, while HAMS says a pizza will work, other research says healthier fats will be better.

    HAMS 指出披薩有效,但有其他研究指出,健康的脂肪比較好。

  • So, before you go out on the town, try having some salmon or avocado, or even nuts and hummus.


  • One thing we are told is that, contrary to popular belief, fatty food doesn't soak up the alcohol the morning after, but as we are telling you, the hour before.


  • To protect your liver before you endeavor to go out on a big session, you might also eat some turmeric, kale, cinnamon, broccoli, or beetroot.


  • If that is too hard to find, drink some lemon juice, the fresh kind, not the stuff that comes in a can and pretends to be lemon.


  • But whatever the case, for your body, and in regards to what might happen to you, eat a big meal before you go crazy with the drink.


  • Ok, we understand, you are young and broke and haven't yet had the chance to experience the utter downsides of drinking to oblivion.


  • You want to eat less so you can get drunk faster.


  • There's even a term for this: Drunkorexia.


  • It's not only about getting drunk faster, but also about consuming less calories from food so you feel less guilty about drinking nine cocktails and a shot of something noxious.

    這不只跟醉得更快有關,也跟你想用攝取更少的熱量來補償喝 9 杯雞尾酒和一小杯烈酒的罪惡感有關。

  • According to one study by the University of Missouri, this is common with young people.


  • 67% of those questioned said it was related to weight gain and only 21% said it was to facilitate drunkenness.

    67% 的受訪者表示這跟體重增加有關,而只有 21% 的人表示是為了喝醉。

  • It didn't say what the others said.


  • Vice magazine reports that it's also common in the UK, with some respondents saying that it was a good way to save money.


  • There have been other reports saying that this is "youth-shaming," but anyone that has been young and prone to partying will tell you it's very much a reality.


  • The problem is, it is very bad for you.


  • Another problem is, in many cases the very young feel like they are almost immortal, even after they've received 27 stitches from opening a door with their head.

    另一個問題是,就算因為用頭把門撞破而縫了 27 針,還是有許多年輕人都認為他們是不死之身。

  • While those of you that have drunk alcohol on an empty stomach will know it makes a difference, there is a lot more than anecdotal evidence out there.


  • The New York Times cites research that explains that subjects given booze on an empty stomach were more intoxicated than those that ate something.


  • This could be very important if you are drinking around the safe drink-driving limit, says the report.


  • The report states, "Having food in the stomachparticularly proteins, fats, and dense carbohydratesslows that absorption process."


  • And no matter what you do after that, eat, drink coffee, put yourself under an intense cold shower, you won't change how much alcohol is in your system.


  • In conclusion, if you are going to drink, always eat before you do so.


  • It's not only better for your body, but could prevent you from going haywire.


  • Have you ever drunk on an empty stomach?


  • Did you feel there was a significant difference from drinking on a full stomach?


  • Let us know in the comments!


  • Also, be sure to check out our other video called What If You Only Drank Coke and Nothing Else?


  • Thanks for watching, and, as always, don't forget to like, share, and subscribe.


  • See you next time!


Have you ever been drunk?


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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 酒精 空腹 指出 年齡 限制 研究

別跟你的胃過不去!空腹喝酒的後果?(What Happens When You Drink Alcohol on an Empty Stomach?)

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    Angel Hsu 發佈於 2019 年 09 月 30 日