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  • Hey, it's Henry.

    嘿,我是 Henry。

  • So this is the last episode of our season.

    這是我們這季的最後一集。

  • And it turns out, we have some extra money in the budget,

    結果,我們的預算中多了一些額外的錢

  • and I want to spend that money on myself.

    而我想將這些錢花在自己身上。

  • So for this episode, we're going to figure out how a person,

    所以在本集當中,我們將會明白一個人

  • in this case, me, can spend money

    在這個例子裡,也就是我本人,是如何花錢

  • to increase their own happiness.

    來增加自己的幸福感。

  • Now I know what you're thinking,

    我知道你們在想什麼

  • "Money can't buy happiness."

    「金錢買不到快樂。」

  • And you're right.

    而你是對的。

  • Sort of.

    一部分是。

  • Studies have found that while having more money greatly

    研究顯示,雖然擁有更多金錢對生活在貧困中的人們

  • affects the happiness for people living in poverty,

    的幸福感會產生極大的影響

  • once someone earns around $75,000 a year,

    當一個人的年收入大約為 75,000 美元時

  • the amount of happiness they get

    他們從額外資金裡所得到的幸福感

  • from additional funds flattens out.

    會變得平緩。

  • So someone who makes on average $200,000 a year

    因此一個平均年收入達 200,000 美元的人

  • isn't necessarily that much happier than somebody

    不一定比賺取中產階級薪資,像我一樣的人

  • who makes a middle class salary, like me.

    來得更快樂。

  • So it's kind of unbelievable to hear that, you know,

    你知道,儘管這聽起來很不可思議,

  • me doubling my salary wouldn't make me any happier.

    我得到雙倍的薪水卻不能夠讓我更快樂。

  • But while more money doesn't necessarily mean

    不過雖然更多的金錢不一定能夠帶來

  • more happiness, how we spend our money does.

    更多的快樂,我們如何花錢卻可以。

  • And like any good reporter, I did a Google search,

    和任何優秀的記者一樣,我做了谷歌搜尋

  • and watched a TED Talk on happiness

    並觀賞一個叫做 Robert Waldinger 博士

  • by this man, Dr. Robert Waldinger.

    在 TED TALK 上關於幸福的演說。

  • He's the director of the Harvard Study of Adult Development,

    他是哈佛成人發展研究的主任

  • a study that started in 1938, and continues until this day,

    這個研究始於西元 1938 年並持續至今

  • making it possibly the longest study of human happiness

    它成為有史以來持續最久的

  • ever to have been conducted.

    人類幸福研究。

  • We found that many of the things we expect

    我們發現許多我們對於一個

  • to predict well-being do, like taking care of yourself,

    健康的人所預期會做的事情,像是照顧好自己

  • not smoking,

    不抽煙

  • not abusing alcohol, okay, exercising.

    不過度飲酒,還有運動。

  • But the surprise was that the quality of our relationships

    但是令人驚訝的是我們和他人的關係

  • with other people actually keeps us healthier

    品質才真正能夠讓我們保持健康

  • and keeps us alive longer.

    和長壽。

  • So we looked at their cholesterol, we looked

    因此我們觀察他們在 50 歲時的膽固醇

  • at their blood pressure at age 50.

    和血壓

  • And we looked at their marital satisfaction.

    並且我們觀察他們婚姻的滿意度。

  • And what we found was that their marital satisfaction was

    我們發現婚姻滿意度是

  • by far the strongest predictor of what they were gonna

    目前是預測他們 80 歲時的狀況

  • be like when they were 80.

    最有力的預測。

  • Happiest marriages at 50, predicted better health

    在 50 歲時擁有快樂的婚姻,預測在 80 歲時會有較好的健康

  • and happiness at age 80.

    和幸福感。

  • But to be able to predict across 30 years,

    但是要能夠預測穿越 30 年

  • that's a big deal, that begins to get at causation.

    是一件大事,而這開始於因果關係。

  • So relationships, it's like exercise in a way,

    因此關係在某種程度上就好像運動

  • you don't just do it one week, and then you're done, right?

    你不能只是一週一次就結束,對嗎?

  • That relationships have to be tended to.

    關係是需要被細心照料的。

  • So your marriage, your friendships, they take work,

    你的婚姻、友情都需要經營

  • they take constant attention over time, or they wither away.

    隨著時間推移,它們需要經常得到關注,否則就會逐漸枯萎。

  • So how can I buy good relationships?

    所以我要如何買到良好的關係?

  • Well, you can't, but,

    你不能,不過

  • but, that is a question you should ask of the researchers

    這個問題你應該要去問那些真正

  • who actually study this.

    在做研究的調查員。

  • Luckily, these researchers also had TED Talks.

    很幸運的是,這些調查員也有在 TED Talks 演說。

  • And have been focusing on that very question,

    並一直專注在這個問題

  • how spending our money affects our happiness.

    花錢是如何影響我們的幸福感。

  • The reason why I believe it's actually very interesting

    我之所以認為研究花費非常有趣

  • to study spending is because it's so ubiquitous,

    的原因是它是無所不在的

  • we all spend and we all actually have a lot of control

    我們都會花錢而事實上我們對於自己的花費

  • over our spending.

    有很大的控制權。

  • We are going to spend some of our money

    我們將要花一些錢

  • because we have to, and are we really thinking

    因為我們必須這麼做,而我們是否真的想過

  • about spending it in ways that might actually make us happy?

    能夠讓我們開心的花錢方式?

  • And if yes, what can we learn as researchers to help people?

    如果有,身為調查員的我們學到了什麼是可以幫助人們的?

  • So there's a lot of methodology and findings that come

    有很多方法和研究結果來自於

  • from research done by people like Sandra and Michael,

    Sandra 和 Michael 等人所做的研究

  • but I wanted to boil down some of the biggest takeaways.

    不過我想要總結一些最主要的要點。

  • First off, and this shouldn't come as a surprise,

    首先,這並不讓人意外

  • but spend money on building social relationships,

    要花錢在建立社交關係上

  • Though there is built into our close relationships

    儘管在我們的親密關係中已經建立

  • this element of reciprocity, of giving back and forth,

    往返互惠的的元素

  • What we're trying to do in our research

    我們在研究中試圖做的

  • is say you can do more of it, actually.

    就是說你可以更常這樣做。

  • So it's probably not useful to give someone $5 and say,

    所以給某個人 5 元然後說

  • "Will you be a closer friend of mine?"

    「你可以成為一個我更親密的朋友嗎?」可能沒什麼用

  • because that's not how it works.

    因為事情不是這樣做的。

  • But it does work to say, "Hey, I really like you.

    不過你這麼說是行得通的,「嘿,我真的很喜歡你

  • "And I'd like to take you out to lunch."

    所以我想帶你去吃午餐。」

  • So if you buy coffee, maybe you might want to spend it

    如果你買咖啡,或許你會想要花錢

  • on buying coffee for yourself and your friend.

    幫你自己和朋友買咖啡。

  • Because we know that if you spend it on someone else,

    因為我們知道如果你花錢在別人身上

  • you also gain greater happiness.

    你還能得到更大的快樂。

  • The next big point is to spend more money

    下一個重點是花費更多錢

  • on experiences and less on things.

    在經驗上而不是物品上。

  • Tom Gilovich and his colleagues at Cornell,

    Tom Gilovich 和他在康乃爾的同事們

  • for about a decade now, have been doing research

    迄今大約 10 年以來,一直在研究

  • showing that, on average, buying stuff

    表明,一般來說,買東西

  • for yourself doesn't do much for your happiness.

    給自己並不會給你帶來很多的快樂。

  • But buying experiences seems to make us happier.

    不過買東西的經驗似乎會讓我們更開心。

  • What we see when we when it comes to actually buying

    相較於實際上購買物品和購買所得到的經驗

  • material goods versus experiences is that when we buy

    我們看到的是,當我們買了

  • our second watch, for example, we might get the spike

    第二支錶,舉例來說,我們的快樂指數

  • in happiness, but at some point this actually, this effect

    可能會飆升,但實際上這種快樂

  • of happiness goes away.

    的效果並不持久。

  • And to some extent, we might even regret at some point

    某種程度上,我們甚至可能會後悔

  • spending, investing that much money.

    花費,投資這麼多錢。

  • Whereas if we have experiences, we can go to a concert,

    然而如果我們要體驗,我們可以去音樂會

  • there's this effect of anticipated happiness,

    它帶來的是預期快樂的效果

  • and we look forward to going to the concert for two weeks,

    我們會有兩週的時間在期待去音樂會

  • even like building up to the experience.

    就像是為了這個體驗在累積快樂的感覺。

  • And then after the experience, we can always go back to it.

    而在這個體驗過後,我們還是可以再回味。

  • So we have a memory of the experience.

    我們在這個體驗裡得到回憶。

  • We might even share it with friends,

    我們或許會和朋友們分享

  • come back to it every once in a while,

    每隔一段時間就會想起這個經驗

  • you know, when we get together for a fun night.

    你知道,當我們在一起度過了一個有趣的夜晚。

  • And finally, if you've been thinking,

    最後,如果你一直在想

  • "I do want that Apple Watch, and I know it would

    「我的確是想要一支 Apple Watch,而且我知道它會

  • "make me happy," then good, buy it,

    帶給我快樂。」那很好,買吧

  • you should know what makes you happy.

    你應該要知道什麼會讓你快樂。

  • If people manage to spend their money in a way

    如果人們都能夠設法用一種

  • that is aligned with their own psychological needs

    反映在他們個性上,能夠符合他們心裡需求

  • and preferences as reflected by their personality,

    和愛好的方式花用金錢

  • that seems to be making people happier.

    那似乎能夠帶給人們更多的快樂。

  • If I'm an extrovert, I might be better off

    如果我是一個外向者,或許我將錢花在

  • spending my money on going out with friends, kind of,

    和朋友外出會比較好,就是

  • having a very social time, spending it on exciting stuff.

    有很多社交的時間,花費在令人興奮的事情上。

  • Versus like a friend of mine who's probably

    和我的一個朋友相比,他比較

  • more introverted, what they could do instead

    內向,他可以做的是

  • is spend it on things that improve their quality

    將錢花在一些能夠改善他個人時間品質

  • me time, so to say.

    的物品上,我們這麼說吧。

  • The first thing that we recommend that people do

    我們建議人們第一件要做的事

  • is literally do an audit of your spending.

    就是審核你的花費。

  • And what's important to you is completely up to you,

    對於你來說什麼才是重要的完全是你自己的選擇

  • so I can't say these are the things

    因此我不能告訴你什麼

  • that should be important to you in life,

    在你的人生當中才是重要的

  • but you know the things that are important to you in life.

    不過,你自己知道人生中對你而言重要的事情。

  • And typically, when you look at your spending

    而通常,當你用這個方法檢視

  • in this way, you say, "Wow, I should really shift some money

    自己的花費時,你會說,「哇,我真的應該將一些錢從

  • "from that big category over to this big category."

    那個大類別移轉到這個大類別。」

  • So to recap the big takeaways, in order to spend money

    簡單的重述要點,為了在花錢時

  • to get happiness, first off, know yourself.

    得到幸福感,首先,你必須了解自己。

  • Are you an introvert, an extrovert?

    你是個性內向還是個性外向的人?

  • How do you want to spend your money?

    你想要如何使用你的錢?

  • Second, use your money to build social relationships.

    第二,使用你的錢去建立社交關係。

  • And third, put an emphasis on experiences over things.

    第三,將重點放在經驗而不是物品上。

  • So if I were to analyze myself for my money,

    所以如果我要分析自己的花費

  • if I'm getting the best return,

    是否得到最好的回報

  • I am a person who loves my family

    我是一個愛家的人

  • and I love sharing experiences with them around food.

    我喜歡和他們一起分享美食經驗。

  • So I'm thinking I will spend that extra budget money,

    所以我想我會將額外的預算資金用於

  • you know, for the purposes of the show,

    你知道,為了節目的計畫

  • to take my mom with me to Italy

    帶我媽媽一起去義大利

  • and we have some fantastic meals.

    我們可以享受大餐。

  • What are we looking at? Yeah, it's--

    我們來看一下,這--

  • So, it turns out we got like $35.20 left

    結果我們的預算只剩下

  • in the budget, so...

    35.20 美元,所以...

  • Hey, Mom, do you want to go to the Olive Garden tonight?

    嘿媽,妳今晚想要去 Olive Garden 嗎?

Hey, it's Henry.

嘿,我是 Henry。

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 快樂 幸福感 花費 研究 關係 婚姻

是的,你可以買到幸福 (Yes, You Can Buy Happiness)

  • 203 18
    洪子雯 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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