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  • This artwork is alive.

    這件藝術品是活的!

  • Each one is made from fungi and bacteria.

    每個都由菌種和細菌所組成。

  • Ew, gross, right?

    矮額,很噁心,是吧?

  • But this art is being used to change people's minds about microorganisms.

    但這件藝術品可以用來改變人們對微生物的看法。

  • The person credited with pioneering the art is Alexander Fleming.

    這種藝術的開創要歸功於亞歷山大.弗萊明。

  • If that name sounds familiar, it's because he's the scientist who discovered the antibiotic properties of penicillin.

    如果你覺得這名字聽起來很熟悉,那是因為他就是發現盤尼西林抗菌功效的科學家。

  • The organization behind these particular artworks is called Petri Dish Picasso, and it's easy to see why.

    這項特別的藝術作品由一個叫做「培養皿畢卡索」的組織所策劃,他們的用意不難猜到。

  • They wanted to give people more access to the interesting world of microbiology with a hands-on approach.

    他們希望讓人們藉由實際操作來認識微生物學的有趣世界。

  • Kids, especially, get a kick out of painting with these little things called microbes.

    小孩尤其享受用小小微生物作畫。

  • Here's how you paint with bacteria.

    以下告訴你怎麼用細菌作畫。

  • Today, I'm gonna draw a dandelion, and those are my brushes.

    今天我要來畫蒲公英,這些是我的筆刷。

  • Agar is a jellylike substance made from red seaweeds used to culture bacteria and fungus in labs.

    洋菜膠是一種用紅海藻製成的果凍型物質,實驗室用來培養菌種和細菌。

  • It's also an ingredient in foods like gummy bears and Jell-O.

    小熊軟糖和果凍這類食物中也有這種材質。

  • It's sterilized into a liquid at about 250 degrees Fahrenheit, poured into a petri dish, and left to cool and solidify.

    先以攝氏 121 度將它殺菌成液體,再倒進培養皿,放涼成固體。

  • This is the canvas and the life support for the microbiome.

    這是微生物群賴以為生的物質,也是作畫的「畫布」。

  • A microbiome is defined as the microorganisms in a particular environment (including the body or a part of the body).

    微生物群的意思是,處於一個特定環境 (如人體或人體中某部分) 的微生物。

  • In separate containers, the paint, or microbes, must be grown.

    顏料,也就是微生物,會在個別的容器裡生長。

  • A liquid broth of water and nutrients does the trick.

    由水分和營養組成的液體能幫助牠們生長。

  • A popular ingredient for making agar art is E. coli.

    洋菜膠藝術常用的材料之一是大腸桿菌。

  • Each organism has different nutritional needs and can produce different colors.

    每一種有機體都需要不同的營養,而且可以顯示不同顏色。

  • A single cell of E. coli can grow to over several billion cells overnight.

    單單一個大腸桿菌細胞能在一夜之間長到超過幾百萬個。

  • Using a few different tools, the cultured bacteria cells are taken from their stew and gently painted onto the agar.

    利用幾種不同的器具就能將培養的細菌細胞取下,再輕輕畫到洋菜膠上。

  • And for the flowers, I'm gonna use a different technique with a pipette.

    花朵的部分,我要用吸量管做別的技巧。

  • It's almost like painting with invisible ink because the cells need to grow into mature colony clusters for you to see them.

    這就好像用透明墨水作畫,因為細胞要先成長成菌落 (細胞堆),肉眼才看得見。

  • They're put in an incubator at their optimal growing temperature.

    然後被放進細菌培養器,讓牠們在最佳的生長溫度下繁殖。

  • E. coli prefers to be grown at about 99 degrees Fahrenheit.

    大腸桿菌喜歡大約 37 攝氏的生長環境。

  • Depending on how fast the microbes replicate, the incubation step can take anywhere from 12 hours to several days.

    這個過程長度取決於微生物複製繁殖的速度,有可能只要 12 小時,或是要幾天時間。

  • Then it's time to see if your agar art is in the league of Pablo Picasso, or maybe Jackson Pollock.

    然後是時候見真章了,看看你的洋菜膠藝術是畢卡索風,還是傑克遜.波洛克風格 (抽象表現主義畫家)。

  • Agar art doesn't last forever.

    洋菜膠藝術無法永久維持。

  • As the cells run out of nutrients, they will begin to die.

    因為細胞一旦沒了營養就會開始凋零。

  • Some agar artists try to preserve their work by casting it in resin, but not Petri Dish Picasso.

    有些洋菜膠藝術家試著用樹脂包裹、保存他們的藝術品,不過培養皿畢卡索不會這樣做。

  • As they say, all good things must come to an end.

    正如他們所說,所有美好的事物都有結束的一天。

This artwork is alive.

這件藝術品是活的!

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 微生物 細菌 藝術 生長 細胞 藝術品

大腸桿菌可以拿來作畫!?而且還真的美美的! (Germ Art Is Helping Change The Way We Think About Bacteria)

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    April Lu 發佈於 2019 年 07 月 07 日
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