A2 初級 美國腔 166 分類 收藏
Today I'm going to teach you about
something that's super: Superlatives.

Are you a bit confused
about superlatives?

Don't worry, I'm
here to teach you.

Now, understand I'm teaching you with adjectives,
not adverbs, because that's a whole other lesson.

So, superlatives as adjectives
- they're the best.

We don't say: "They're the
goodest" for a reason.

What we have to understand about superlatives
are: There can be only one superlative.

If you're looking at another grammar called
comparative, there have to be two things to compare.

For example, red and
blue; purple and yellow.

But with superlatives
there's only one thing.

And what we're telling you is
that this one is number one.

This one is the best.
There's no other competition
for this adjective.

So, the way that we make superlatives,
you're going to have two choices.

You can either put: "the" plus your adjective
plus "-est", or you can put: "the" plus "most"

plus your adjective.
So, how do you know which adjective will get
"est" and which one will get "the most"?

I'll tell you.
We get to play a game.
We get to do something very fun
called counting syllables.

First of all, we have to
understand what a syllable is.

A syllable is a vowel sound,
or how long the word is.

So, when we count syllables we have to be
very careful, and we're only going to count

the vowel sounds of the words; not the
vowels because this gets confusing.

Once we have counted the vowel
sounds, we use "est" or "the most".

So let's do some simple examples
and I'll tell you our game.

The first one: How many syllables
or how many verb sounds...?

Or vowel sounds do we have
in the word "beautiful"?

If we simply count the vowels,
we've got one, two, three, four...

Oo, we've got five vowels, but in English,
"beautiful" is not five syllables, it's only

three because if you have two or three vowels
together, they're only going to make one vowel

So, in English, the word "beautiful"
is only three syllables.

If we look at this word: "gentle", we don't
say: "gentl-e", but because it's "le" together,

this is going to make another
syllable sound, so we say: "gentle".

This one is two syllables,
this one is three.

What about this one?
First of all, count the vowels.
How many vowels are there?
One, two.
Because the vowels are separated with consonants,
the vowels are not together, we can actually

count these as two: "na-rrow".
Two syllables.
We have this word: "busy".
Bzz, busy bee.
"Busy", again, one syllable...
Sorry, one vowel sound,
one vowel sound is two.

"Hungry", one and
one, this is two.

This one's easy, there's only one vowel, there's
only one vowel sound, so it's going to be

one syllable.
"Happy", two vowels,
two syllables.

You understand?
Try and do these ones.
Now, be careful, in English if we have an "e"
at the end of the word, we don't say it.

So we don't say: "blu-e",
we just say: "blue".

So in this, how many
syllables are there?

How many vowel sounds?
So we just say: "blue",
the "e" is silent.

My favourite colour is two
syllables: "pur-ple".

Again, I told you if it ends in "le" we're
going to actually put another syllable here.

This is an exception to
our vowel-counting rule.

So we say: "purple".
"Good", how many syllables?
"Good" has two vowels together,
but it only makes one sound.

"Bad" has one.
What about this one?
We don't say in English:
"larg-e", we say: "large".

So, again, because the "e" is
silent this only has one syllable.

And a lot of people get
confused, but there's only one.

And this one, easy: "big".
So, if you look at our words, the very first
thing that we're going to do is we're going

to count the syllables, we're
going to count the vowel sounds.

Three, two, one.
Now, this is how we have to figure out: When
do we use "est" and when do we use "the most"?

This part is easy.
If your word is small...
So if your word has one syllable,
it's always going to be "est".

So, we say: "The bluest".
That's very strange.
Ronnie, how can
something be bluest?"

Well, colour is an adjective, so you can say:
"Wow, that's the bluest sky I've ever seen

in my life.
It's beautiful."
We can use colours with this
because colours are adjectives.

So, it might sound weird for you at first,
but it's completely normal, just like me.

If your word is small and it has one
syllable, you're going to use "est".

If your word has more than one syllable,
then you're going to use "the most".

So, one, one, one, one, one - we'd put "est";
two, three, two, two, two, two, one - we would

put "the most".
So, "beautiful" would become: "the
most beautiful", because it has three.

With everything in English, we have some exceptions,
and exceptions make things a little bit more

difficult to understand.
As a basic rule, if you have one syllable, we
add "est"; if we have more than one syllable,

we're going to put "the most"; but then we
get these crazy words that end in a "y".

So: "hungry", "busy", and "happy", these all
have two syllables but it doesn't matter,

because if you have your adjectives that ends
in a "y", we think: "Okay, well, it's more

than one, we use 'the most'",
oh no, not in English grammar.

If it...
If your adjective ends in a "y",
we always change it to "iest".

We never use "most" with "y".
We can only change the "y"
to "i" and add "est".

So: "busy", even though it's two syllables,
we don't say: "the most busy", we actually

have to say: "the busiest", and
we always need to put "the".

"Hungry", because it ends in a "y",
we're going to say: "the hungriest".

I'm the hungriest
teacher on the planet.

"Happy", again, because it ends in
a "y", we can't say: "more happy".

We're going to say:
"iest", "happiest".

Are there any ones that
end in a "y" here?

So, when we do this, the first thing that I
would do, even before I count the syllables,

is I would look for any of my
adjectives that end in a "y".

As soon as they end in a
"y", it's always "iest".

Those ones are easy.
Now, as you know, everything in English is
crazy and people like to talk about things,

and sometimes rules are a little bit foggy
which means sometimes they don't make sense.

So, there's another exception to the one-syllable
or more-than-one-syllable rule, and it is

adjectives that end in:
"er", "le", "or", or "ow".

For example: "gentle" ends in
"le", "narrow" ends in "ow".

Because these two end with these
endings, we're going to make it "est".

Now, if you said: "the most gentle", nothing
happens because people debate this.

People say: "Do we say: 'the most
gentle', or do we say: 'the gentlest'?"

A lot of people, it's a grey area, which
means that grammar people fight over it.

Don't fight; choose which
one you like the most.

But this is a rule that
sometimes-not always-we follow.

So: "gentle" will
become: "the gentlest".

Again, if you said:
"more gentle"...

You might hear people say: "more gentle",
and hey, that's fine; they've chosen rule

number two.
So we say: "the gentlest".
"Narrow", because it ends in an "ow",
we would say: "the narrowest".

These are the exceptions to
our two-vowel sound rule.

"Sad", what do you guys think?
"Sad" has one syllable, so we're going to add
"est", so I would say: "That is the saddest

dog I've ever seen."
And this is another thing that's confusing:
Sometimes we make the consonant double, sometimes

we don't.
We're not doing spelling, so let's worry
about that in a whole new lesson.

"Happy", because it ends in a
"y", we put: "the happiest".

"Purple", what do you guys
think about "purple"?

Because "purple" ends in "le", we're
going to say: "the purplest".

Okay, if you look down here,
we have two more exceptions.

The first one is "good"
will change to: "the best".

We don't say: "goodest".
That even sounds funny.
And look it, look it, look it: I didn't write:
"They're the goodest", I wrote: "They're the

So, "good" and "bad"
are exceptions.

These guys are the rebels.
We're like: "We're not even going to do this
or this; we're going to have our own category

and 'far' is coming with us,
because we're special".

"Good" will always
say: "the best".

Do you guys know a singer
called Tina Turner?

Really old.
"Simply the best..."
She's using superlatives
- she's the best.

"Bad", we don't say - one
syllable: "the baddest".

We have to say: "the worst".
So I can say: "Wow, that was the
worst song Ronnie has ever sang.

She really needs to
take singing lessons."

This word: "large", "large", as I told you,
the "e" is silent, it has one syllable, so

you're going to use what?
Would you use A or B?
One syllable, would you use: "the largest"
or do you think we say: "the most large"?

The answer is "largest" because there's one
syllable, we would say: "Wow, that is the

largest pizza I've ever eaten."
And "big", again, one syllable,
we would say: "the biggest".

So, the other
exception is "far".

And this is one...
"Far" is just like: "Do you
know what, 'good' and 'bad'?

I'm not even playing your game.
I'm going to do something completely crazy
and I'm going to give you two choices."

You can say: "the farthest" or
you can say: "the furthest".

Both of these are the same, but the
only difference is we just put a "th".

So it's not that crazy, but it's
just the spelling is different.

So, "far", you can
say: "the farthest".

It's whatever you feel
more comfortable with.

So if you want to use "furthest", go ahead;
if you want to say "farthest", awesome.

The only difference is the spelling of
the word, which is a big difference.

So, the next time someone asks you or you
have a test about superlatives, what you're

going to do first of all is you're going to
pay special attention to the exceptions of

our rules in English.
The "y" always changes
to an "iest".

Doesn't matter how
many syllables.

Rule number two: If you want to remember it like
that, that's easy, but it's not all the time.

And definitely: "good", "bad", and "far",
these ones will never change; these are 100%,

you cannot change them
to anything else.

"The badderest" doesn't work.
So, the first thing that you're going to do
with your list of adjectives is you're going

to look for your exceptions.
The second thing you're going to do, where the fun
begins, is you're going to count the syllables.

You're going to count
the vowel sounds.

Be careful with silent e's.
After that, we decide: If it's a one-syllable
word, the word is small, you're going to put

"the" with the adjective and "est"; if the
word is more than one syllable, you're going

to put: "the most" plus
your original adjective.

So, be careful because sometimes I hear or I
see this: "Oh my god, that person was the

most beautifullest person
I have ever seen."

Well, guess what,
ladies and gentlemen?

You can't have both.
You can only have one.
You can't say: "the
most beautifullest".

It's difficult to say.
So, be careful: You can never put these two
together; you can only use A or B. You can

never say: "the most

"The most farthest", never.
"The most biggest", it's wrong.
You will hear people say this; maybe children
will say or people will say it to be funny,

but this - be careful, it's something
that I see a lot and it's a big mistake.

When you're speaking, enjoy your superlatives,
you're doing the best job ever.

And I am gone.


英语语法 (Learn English Grammar: Superlative Adjectives)

166 分類 收藏
angellee2512 發佈於 2019 年 6 月 8 日
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