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Hi everybody.
Welcome to Beginner 1.
In these videos, I hope to teach you some basic English.
So these videos are for low level beginners.
Okay…
Now when you watch these videos, I want you to pay attention.
Okay…
Watch all the videos in the series.
Okay…
Please listen carefully and if there are any words or expressions that you don't know,
please check your dictionary.
Another thing you should do is repeat after me.
Repeating is a really good practice.
Okay…
So, I know that some of these videos are hard.
But please don't give up.
If you try your best, and watch all of these videos, I know that your English will get
better.
Okay, well let's get started.
Hi, everybody and welcome to this video.
Now in this video, I want to talk about the difference between consonants and vowels.
Now, in the English alphabet, there are twenty-six letters.
And in the alphabet, there are five main vowels and one special vowel.
And the rest are consonants.
So, let's look at the board.
Here's the alphabet.
The first letter, 'a', is a vowel.
The next letter, 'b', is a consonant.
'c' is a consonant.
'd': consonant.
'e' is a vowel.
Then, 'f', is a consonant.
'g': consonant.
'h': consonant.
'e' is another vowel.
'j' is a consonant.
'k': consonant.
'l', 'm', 'n' are consonants.
'o' is another vowel.
'p', 'q', 'r', 's' and 't', these are all consonants.
'u' is the last main vowel. 'v': consonant.
'w': consonant.
'x': consonant.
'y' is the special vowel.
And we'll talk about that more later on.
And 'z' is the last letter and it is a consonant.
Okay, so, there are twenty-six letters in the alphabet.
There are five main vowels.
One special vowel.
And the rest are consonant.
Okay, let's move on to the next part.
Okay…
Let's look at some words.
Now all English words have vowels.
Maybe one or many vowels.
So, let's look at these words.
The first word is “cat”.
Okay, we have 'c' is a consonant.
'a' a vowel.
't': consonant.
“Egg”.
'e' is a vowel.
And 'g', 'g'.
'g' is a consonant.
“Hit”.
'h' is a consonant.
'i' a vowel.
And 't' a consonant.
“Top”.
't' is a consonant.
'o' is a vowel.
And 'p' a consonant.
The last word is “cut”.
'c' is a consonant.
'u' a vowel.
And 't' a consonant.
So we have the main vowels: 'a', 'e ','i' ,'o' ,'u'.
Now, I said 'y' is a special vowel.
That's because sometimes it's a vowel and sometimes it's a consonant.
So let's look.
In the word, “why”, the letter 'y' sounds like 'i'.
“Why”.
So it is a vowel.
“Bicycle”.
The letter 'y' sounds like 'i'.
“Bicycle”.
'i' is the letter 'i' right, it sounds like the letter 'i'.
So, in this case 'y' is also a vowel.
“Pretty”.
“Pretty”.
'y' sounds like 'e'.
Okay…
“Pretty”.
So, it's a vowel.
Now, in the last two words, “you” and “yes”, the letter 'y' is a consonant.
Usually, if 'y' comes at the beginning of a word, or if it makes a /u/ sound, for
example, “you”, “yes”, it is a consonant.
Okay…
So again, five main vowels: 'a', 'e', 'i', 'o', 'u'.
And 'y' the special vowel.
Now to help us remember vowels, we can say, “a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y.”
Okay, repeat again after me.
“a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y.”
One more time, faster.
“a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y.”
Okay, and that's the end of this video.
Thank you.
Hi everybody and welcome to this video.
In this video, we're going to talk about using 'a' or 'an'.
Okay…
We use 'a' or 'an' in front of nouns.
Well, what is a noun?
A noun is a person, place, thing or animal.
Okay, so let's look at the board.
The first noun we have is “banana”.
“Banana”, starts with the consonant 'b'.
So we put “a banana”. “a banana”.
Look at the next word.
“Apple”.
In this case, the first letter is 'a'.
'a' is a vowel.
Remember the vowels are a, e, i, o, u, so we have to put 'an'.
“an apple”.
“cat”.
Hmmm.
The first letter, 'c', is a consonant.
So, should we put, 'a' or 'an'?
Remember, if it's a consonant, we have to put 'a'.
“a cat”.
The next word, “boy”.
Again, the word starts with a consonant: 'b'.
So we have to say, “a boy”.
The next word, “egg”, has the letter 'e' in front.
'e' is a vowel.
So what do we put?
We put 'an'.
If we read it, it sounds like “an egg.” “an egg”.
Okay, and the last word is “ant”.
“ant” starts with the vowel 'a'.
So again, we must put……”an ant”. “an ant”.
Now, let's go through these words together.
“a banana”. “a banana”.
“an apple”. “an apple”.
Keep in mind that when you have 'an' in front, it has to sound like almost one word.
“an apple”. “an apple”.
“a cat”. “a cat”.
“a boy”. “a boy”.
“an egg”. “an egg”.
“an egg”. “an egg”.
“an ant”. “an ant”.
“an ant”.
Okay…
Let's move on the next part.
Okay, let's do some extra practice.
Ahhh, I have some nouns on the board.
Remember, a noun is a person, place, thing or animal.
So let's go through them one by one.
“A book”, “book” is a thing.
It's a thing that we read.
“Park”, is a place.
It's a place we go.
“Umbrella” is a thing.
Right…
Umbrella is a thing that we use when it's raining.
“Elephant”.
“Elephant” is an animal.
“Doctor”.
“Doctor” is a person.
And “orange”.
Orange is a thing that we eat.
Okay…
Now, I'm going to say 'a' or 'an' in front of the nouns.
I want you to listen and see if you can hear the difference.
Okay…
We have “book”.
In that case we say, “a book”. “a book”.
We have to say, “a book”.
Okay…
The next one is “park”.
We say, “a park”. “a park”.
Remember, we put 'a' in front of words that begin with consonants.
'b' and 'p' are consonants.
That's why we say, “a book”, “a park”.
Okay…
How about the next word? “an umbrella”.
“an umbrella”.
Could you here the difference? “an umbrella”.
We say 'an' because umbrella starts with a vowel: 'u'.
“an umbrella”.
Okay… “elephant”.
We should we say?
“elephant”.
“elephant”.
Again, elephant starts with a vowel.
“a doctor”. “a doctor”.
“a doctor”.
And the last word, “an orange”. “an orange”.
Again, we have to say, “an orange” because 'o' is a vowel.
So, let's go through each word one more time.
“a book”. “a book”.
Okay… “a park”.
“a park”. “an umbrella”.
“an umbrella”.
Notice it sounds like one word.
“an umbrella”. “an elephant”.
“an elephant”. “a doctor”.
“a doctor”.
And the last one.
“an orange”. “an orange”.
Okay…
So that's the end of this video.
I hope you can remember when to use 'a' and 'an'.
Okay, thank you.
Bye.
Hi, everybody and welcome to this video.
Now, in this lesson I'm going to talk about singular and plural nouns.
Okay…
Singular means one.
And plural means more than one or many.
Okay…
So let's look at the board.
This part is showing singular nouns.
Okay, remember, singular means one.
Okay…
So when the noun is singular, we put 'a' or 'an'.
So let's look.
“a ring”.
That means one ring.
“a ring”.
“a dog”.
Again, one dog.
“a dog”.
“a teacher”.
One teacher.
“a teacher”.
“an apple”.
“an apple”.
One apple.
“an egg”.
“an egg”.
One egg.
So again, one….noun is singular.
Okay…
Now over here, we have plural nouns.
Plural means more than one.
Two, three, four, and so on.
So, many.
Okay…
So, when we have a plural noun we have to, don't forget, we have to put 's' or
'es'.
Again, if there's more than one, if the noun is plural, you have to put 's' or
'es'.
Now the nouns here, you just have to add an 's'.
Okay, and we're going to go through them right now.
“two rings”.
Okay, we had one ring.
“a ring”.
Now we have “two rings.”
With an 's'.
Okay…
We had “a dog”.
The plural is “three dogs”.
Again, 's'.
“three dogs”.
“a teacher”.
One teacher.
“four teachers”.
“four teachers”.
Don't forget the 's'.
Okay, you must not forget that.
“an apple”.
That's one apple.
Then we have plural.
“five apples”.
“five apples”.
Okay…
And the last one.
“an egg”.
One egg.
“six eggs”.
Don't forget 's'.
“six eggs”.
Okay…
I really need you to remember that.
“two rings”.
“three dogs”.
“four teachers”.
“five apples”.
and “six eggs”.
Okay, let's move on to the next part.
Okay, now we have some more nouns.
These nouns are a little bit different.
Uhhh, when they're singular it's the same.
You put 'a' or 'an' in front.
But when you want to make them plural, you have to add 'es'.
Remember, I said, you can add 's' or 'es' to make a noun plural…more than one.
So again, these nouns you have to add 'es'.
So let's go through them one more time.
Okay…
So we have “a bus”.
“a bus”.
Again, that means one bus.
“a box”.
“a box”.
“a watch”.
“a watch”.
Okay, one.
“a kiss”.
“a kiss”.
And “an ax”.
“an ax”.
One.
“an ax”.
Okay…
Now, we're going to move on to the plural.
Remember, again, to make the plural, or more than one, here, we add 'es'.
Okay…
“a bus”.
One.
“two buses”.
“two buses”.
“a box”.
“three boxes”.
. “three boxes”
“a watch”.
“four watches”.
'es' right.
“four watches”.
“a kiss”.
One.
“five kisses”.
“five kisses”.
Add the 'es'.
And the last one.
“an ax”.
“an ax”.
Okay, we have “six axes”.
“six axes”.
Don't forget.
We have to put 'es' to make these nouns plural.
Okay, let's move on to the next part.
So, how do we know if we should put 's' or 'es' to make the noun plural?
Well, for most nouns, you just have to put 's'.
Okay, for most of them.
But, for some, you have to put 'es'.
And how do we know?
Well… let's look at the board.
We have some nouns.
The first one is “church”.
Okay…
“Church” ends in 'ch'.
So if the noun ends in 'ch', you have to put 'es'.
Okay…
So it becomes “churches”.
So again, if the noun ends in 'ch', add 'es' at the end to make it plural.
The same goes for the next word “brush”.
You'll notice “brush” ends in 'sh'.
Okay…
So if it ends in 'sh', same thing, we add 'es' at the end to make it plural.
Okay…
The next word is fox.
We have the letter 'x' at the end.
Okay…
All nouns that end in 'x', we have to put 'es' to make it plural.
Okay, so, 'ch', 'sh', 'x'.
If the noun ends with these, put 'es'.
And the last one is “dress”.
Okay, we have 'ss' at the end.
Same thing.
Put 'es' at the end to make it plural.
Okay…
“Dresses”.
Again, if it ends in 'ss' put 'es'.
Okay, so please, don't forget 'ch', 'sh', 'x', 'ss', we must put 'es'
at the end.
Most of the other nouns we just add 's'.
Okay…
Now we have some special nouns on this side.
“Potato, tomato, volcano”.
Now, most nouns that end in 'o', like “photo”, all we have to do is add an 's'
to make it plural.
“Photos”.
Okay…
But these are special because we actually have to put 'es' at the end… to make
them…plural.
Okay…
So we have “potatoes, tomatoes, volcanoes”.
Again, these are a little bit special.
For most nouns that end in 'o', we just add 's'.
Okay, and, uhhh, let's go to the final part.
Okay, let's do some extra practice.
On the board, I have some nouns.
Some are singular and some are plural.
We have to decide together if we should put 's' or 'es' or make them singular.
Okay…
So you have to listen carefully and remember what we learned in this video.
Okay…
“Two books”.
Right, this is plural.
There are two.
“Two books”.
We have to put an 's'.
“Two books”.
Okay…
The next one.
“Three class”.
Hmmmm.
“Class” ends with an 's'.
So what do we put?
“Three classes”.
“Three classes”.
Okay…
So again the plural is “three classes”.
Okay…
“A lion”.
“A lion”.
Do we have to put anything?
No.
No 's' or 'es' because this is singular.
There's just one lion.
“A lion”.
“Six hats”.
“Six hats”.
We have to put an 's'.
“Six hats”.
Okay…
The next noun is “seven match”.
What do we out?
Well, we have a 'ch'.
So we have to put “matches”.
“Seven matches”.
“Seven matches”.
Okay…
And the last one is “one bat”.
“One bat”.
We do not put an 's' or 'es' because again, it's just one.
We don't have to put anything after 'bat'.
Okay, this is singular.
Okay, so, in this video, we learned how to make a noun singular.
Okay…
And how to make a noun plural.
Remember, singular means one.
Plural means more than one.
And remember, don't forget, we have to put 's' or 'es'.
Okay…
And thanks for joining.
That's the end of this video.
Bye.
Hi everybody and welcome to this video.
In this video, we're going to talk about subjective pronouns.
So, let's take a look at the board.
Here they are.
The subjective pronouns.
Please take a careful look.
They're very important in English.
Okay…
So, the first subjective pronoun is 'I'.
“I” means me.
“I'm Esther”.
“I”.
“He”.
Now, “he” is only used for boys or men.
Okay…
“He”.
So another boy or man is “he”.
“She” is used for girls or women.
Okay…
“She”.
“It”.
“It” is used for a place like a school, an animal like a dog, or a thing like a chair.
Okay…
“It”.
The next one is “you”.
“You” means you.
Okay…”you”.
“We”.
“We” means other people and me.
For example, “I sing”, “you sing”, then “we sing”.
Okay…”we”.
And the last one is “they”.
“They” means many people, places, animals or things.
Okay…
So, more than one.
If there's more than one, we use the subjective pronoun 'they'.
Okay, let's move on to the next part.
Okay, so let's practice together with subjective pronouns.
The first sentence on the board says, “Jenny sings”.
Now Jenny is one girl.
So we can say, “She sings”.
“Jack sings”.
Jack is one boy.
So we have to say, “he sings”.
The last sentence says, “Jenny and Jack sing”.
Now Jenny and Jack are two people.
So we have to say, “they sing”.
Okay, let's move on to the next part.
Okay, let's do some more practice.
The first sentence on the board says, “The cat runs”.
'The cat' is an animal, so we have to say, “It runs”.
The next sentence says, “The dog and cat run”.
Now, 'the dog and cat', they are two animals.
So anytime you have two or more things, we say, “They run”.
'They'.
Okay, now, for the last sentence, I'm going to talk about my cat, Ongee.
Ongee is a cat.
He's an animal.
But, he has a name.
He's a boy cat.
Okay and I love him.
And he's like family
So, “Ongee runs”.
I can say “He runs”.
Okay…
Let's move on to the next part.
Okay, here are some more examples.
But, this time, you have to figure out the subjective pronoun together with me.
Okay…
So, “My students study”.
What should we use?
Well, 'My students', there's an 's'.
Right…
They're people and there's more than one.
Many people.
So we have to use the subjective pronoun, 'they'.
“They study”.
The next example.
“John is handsome”.
Okay, 'John', that's a person.
There's only one.
Right…
And it's a boy, 'John'.
So what should we use?
We have to use the subjective pronoun, 'he'.
One boy.
We say, “he”.
“He is handsome”.
Okay, the last one.
“Pizza is delicious”.
'Pizza' is a thing.
And there's only one.
Right…
There's no 's'.
One pizza.
We say, “it”.
“It is delicious”.
Okay…
Let's move on to some more examples.
Okay, the first example says, “Seoul is a city”.
Now, 'Seoul' is a place.
Okay…
So we have to use the subjective pronoun, 'it'.
“It is a city”.
The next example says, “My parents love Ongee”.
Now, 'Ongee' is my cat.
“My parents love Ongee”.
Well, 'my parents', they are two people.
My mom and my dad.
So, what do I use?
I have to say, “they”.
“They love Ongee”.
The last example is very similar to the second one.
“My parents and I love Ongee”.
Okay…
The difference is… it says, “and I”.
So this is 'my parents' with 'me'.
So I have to say, “we”.
“We love Ongee”.
Okay…
All of us.
Okay, so, in this video we learned about subjective pronouns.
I hope you guys have a good understanding of 'when' and 'how' to use them.
Thank you for watching and I'll see you guys next time.
Bye.
Hi, everybody.
Welcome to this video.
Now, in this video, we're going to talk about subjective pronouns, 'be' verbs,
and also, contractions.
So let's take a look at the board.
Okay…
First, we have the subjective pronouns.
And we have the 'be' verbs: am, is and are.
Okay…
So let's look at the first one.
“I am”.
“I am Esther”.
The contraction for 'I am' is 'I'm'.
“I'm”.
Now, a contraction is a more common way of saying subjective pronouns and their 'be'
verb.
It's faster and quicker and shorter.
Okay, it's more common.
I want you to use contractions.
Okay…
So, “I am” becomes “I'm”.
“He is”…”he's”.
“She is”…”she's”.
“It is”…”it's”.
Okay, let's move on to the bottom.
“You are” becomes “you're”.
“You're”.
“We are”…”we're”.
“We're”.
and “They are”.
The contraction is “they're”.
“They're”.
Okay, let's move on to the next part.
Okay…
We're going to take a look at some sentences using the 'be' verbs.
Now, notice on the board, I only used contractions.
Okay…
For example, instead of “I am”, I'm going to say “I'm”.
So, the first sentence.
“I'm a student”.
Okay…
This means one.
So we have to say “a student”.
“a”.
Now many people make the mistake of saying, “I'm student”, but that's wrong.
Okay…
You have to put 'a'.
Before I read it, you have to listen carefully.
'I'm a' sounds like one word.
“I'm a…”
“I'm a…”
“I'm a student”.
Okay…
Please repeat after me.
“I'm a student”.
“I'm a student”.
Okay, the next one, again, sounds like one word.
“He's a…”.
“He's a…”.
Okay…so…
“He's a student”.
Please repeat.
“He's a student”.
“He's a student”.
Same thing.
“She's a student”.
Please repeat.
“She's a student”.
“She's a student”.
The next sentence has 'it'.
Now remember, 'it' is only used for a place, a thing or an animal.
So we can't have those things be a student.
So we have to say, “It's a dog”.
Okay, please repeat.
“It's a dog”.
“It's a dog”.
Okay, the next one.
“You're a student”.
Please repeat.
“You're a student”.
“You're a student”.
Okay…
Now let's look at 'we're'.
“We're students”.
Okay…
We took out the 'a' and we put an 's' because 'we're' means many people.
Not one student, but many students.
So, we have to say, “we're students”.
Please repeat.
“We're students”.
“We're students”.
The same thing goes for 'they'.
Again, 'they' means many people…or many things.
Here, we put 's'.
And we took out the 'a'.
So, “they're students”.
Please repeat.
“They're students”.
“They're students”.
Okay, we're going to look at some more examples.
Please listen and repeat carefully.
Let's start with the first one: “I'm”.
“I'm a boy”.
“I'm a boy”.
“I'm a girl”.
“I'm a girl”.
“He's”.
“He's a man”.
“He's a man”.
“He's a boy”.
“He's a boy”.
“She's”.
“She's a woman”.
“She's a woman”.
“She's a girl”.
“She's a girl”.
“It's”.
“It's a chair”.
“It's a chair”.
“It's a cat”.
“It's a cat”.
“You're”.
“You're a singer”.
“You're a singer”.
“You're a friend”.
“You're a friend”.
“We're”.
“We're sisters”.
“We're sisters”.
“We're brothers”.
“We're brothers”.
“They're”.
“They're people”.
“They're people”.
“They're cars”.
“They're cars”.
Okay…
Well I hope that this video helped you understand how to use subjective pronouns, their 'be'
verbs, and also contractions.
Now, before we go, I wanted to share a little bit about myself using the lesson.
So, first, remember, “I'm a…”.
“I'm a girl”.
Also, “I'm a teacher”.
“I'm an American”.
Now, the word 'American' starts with the vowel 'a', so we have to say 'an'.
“I'm an American”.
And “I'm an animal lover”.
Again, same thing.
'Animal' starts with the vowel 'a', so we have to put 'an'.
“I'm an animal lover”.
And that means someone who loves animals.
I love dogs and cats and other animals.
So, “I'm an animal lover”.
Okay…
Well, that's it and thank you for watching.
And I'll see you guys next time.
Bye.
Hi, everybody.
In this video, we're going to talk about subjective pronouns, 'be' verbs, and how
to use them with the word 'not'.
Okay…
So, let's look at the board to help us out.
Now the first sentence says, “I'm not a student”.
'Not' means it's not true.
No.
So remember, “I'm a student” means 'yes'.
“I'm a student”.
I go to school and I learn.
“I'm not a student” means 'no'.
“I'm a teacher” or “No, I'm not a student”.
Okay…
Now, notice, we first have the subjective pronoun and the 'be' verb.
Then, we put 'not'.
Okay…
'Not' comes after.
And then we have the noun.
Okay…
“I'm not a student”.
Okay…
Now, also, listen carefully.
“Not a…” sounds like one word.
“I'm not a student”.
“Not a…”.
“I'm not a student”.
Okay, let's look at the next one.
“He's not a student”.
“He's not a student”.
“She's not a student”.
“She's not a student”.
“It's not a dog”.
Remember, 'it' is used for place, thing or animal.
So, “It's not a dog”.
Okay…
“You're not a student”.
“You're not a student”.
Okay, the next one is a little bit different.
We have 'we are'.
“We're”.
Now, remember, 'we' means more than one.
Many.
Okay…
So we say “students”.
We put an 's' and we don't put an 'a' in front.
“We're not students”.
“We're not students”.
Okay…and 'they're' is the same thing.
It means more than one.
So, “They're not students”.
“They're not students”.
Okay, we're going to look at some more examples.
I want you to listen carefully and repeat after the examples.
Let's start with the first one.
“I'm not”.
“I'm not a boy”.
“I'm not a boy”.
“I'm not a girl”.
“I'm not a girl”.
“He's not”.
“He's not a man”.
“He's not a man”.
“He's not a boy”.
“He's not a boy”.
“She's not”.
“She's not a woman”.
“She's not a woman”.
“She's not a girl”.
“She's not a girl”.
“It's not”.
“It's not a chair”.
“It's not a chair”.
“It's not a cat”.
“It's not a cat”.
“You're not”.
“You're not a singer” “You're not a singer”.
“You're not a friend”.
“You're not a friend”.
“We're not”.
“We're not sisters”.
“We're not sisters”.
“We're not brothers”.
“We're not brothers”.
“They're not”.
“They're not people”.
“They're not people”.
“They're not cars”.
“They're not cars”.
Okay, so in this video, we learned how to use subjective pronouns with the 'be'
verb and how to use them with the word 'not'.
Okay…
So, I wrote some sentences about myself using what we learned.
So remember, “I'm not a…”.
Okay…
“I'm not a boy”.
“I'm not a boy”.
“I'm not a student”.
“I'm not a student”.
“I'm not a Canadian”.
“I'm not a Canadian”.
And the last one.
“I'm not a loser”.
“I'm not a loser”.
Okay…
So that was a little bit about me.
Thanks for watching and I'll see you guys next time.
Bye.
Hi, everybody.
In this video, I'm going to talk about how to make questions using subjective pronouns
and 'be' verbs.
Okay…
So, let's take a look at the board.
So, this example sentence says.
“I'm a student”.
Okay…
Remember, “I'm” is just a contraction for “I am”.
Okay…
So, “I'm a student”.
“I am a student”.
They mean the same thing.
Now when we want to make a question, we just have to make a simple change.
It's very easy.
All you have to do is put the 'be' verb in the front.
Okay…
So, “Am I a student?”.
“Am I a student?”.
The 'be' verb comes in the front.
Okay…
I also want you to listen to my intonation.
When I say it in a sentence, “I'm a student”.
“I'm a student”.
Okay, then when I say it in a question.
“Am I a student?”.
“Am I a student?”.
Notice my intonation goes up for the question.
Okay, now there are two possible answers for this question.
“Am I a student?”.
The answers you can say are:
“Yes, I am”.
“Yes, I am”.
Okay…
And, “No, I'm not”.
“No, I'm not”.
Okay…
We're going to look at some more examples.
Please make sure you repeat after each example.
Let's look at the first one.
“Am I…?”.
“Am I a girl?”.
“Yes, I am”.
“Am I a boy?”.
“No, I'm not”.
“Am I a singer?”.
“Yes, I am”.
“Am I a friend?”.
“No, I'm not”.
Okay…
Now, we're going to talk about “he is” and “she is” and how to use them in questions.
So let's look at the sentence on the board.
“He's a doctor”.
Or…
“She's a doctor”.
Remember, “he's” and “she's” are contractions for “he is” and “she is”.
The 'be' verb there is 'is'.
So, when we make a question, we have to move the 'be' verb to the front.
Okay…
So we put 'is' in the front.
“Is he a doctor?”.
“Is she a doctor?”.
Okay…
Very easy.
Just put the 'be' verb in the front.
Now I want you to listen to the intonation again.
“He's a doctor”.
Okay…
The intonation is going down.
“Is he a doctor?”.
In the question, again, the intonation goes up.
Okay…
Now when you answer, they are several possible answers you can give.
So…
“Yes, he is”.
Or…
“Yes, she is”.
Okay…
That's easy.
When you come to know, this is where it gets a little tricky, but you can do it.
“No, he isn't”.
Okay, “isn't” is a contraction for “is not”.
Okay…
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